June 25: Eric Blair was born on this day in 1903, becoming “George Orwell” with the 1933 publication of his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London.
June 24: Napoleon crossed into Russia on this day in 1812, beginning the disastrous six-month invasion that became a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars.
June 23: John Steinbeck’s The Winter of Our Discontent was published on this day in 1961.
June 21: Jean-Paul Sartre was born on this day in 1905, and Françoise Sagan was born on this day in 1935.
June 19: On this day in 1816, the Shelleys, Lord Byron, and entourage gathered at the Villa Diodati on Lake Geneva to tell the ghost stories that would trigger Frankenstein.
June 18: George Orwell’s “As One Non-Combatant to Another” was published on this day in 1943.
June 16: Today is Bloomsday, Dublin’s and the literary world’s most celebrated event, commemorating the day on which Ulysses takes place.
June 15: On this day in 1300, Dante was made one of the six Priors of Florence, the top political office in the city-state.
June 14: On this day in 1933 Jerzy Kosinski was born Jerzy Lewinkopf, in Lodz, Poland.
June 13: The Peasants’ Revolt reached London on this day in 1381.