Faulkner’s Splendid Failure

October 7: Onthis day in 1929, William Faulkner’s TheSound and the Fury, hisfourth novel and the second of his fifteen “Yoknapatawpha County”books, was published. Early reviewers compared it to Dostoevsky and Euripides,but a first printing of 1,789 copies lasted for a year and a half. Even thiswas more than Faulkner expected: having had so little interest from publishersfor his previous books, he had decided to forget all about them when he began The Sound and the Fury:

One day I seemed to shut the door between me and allpublishers’ addresses and book lists. I said to myself, Now I can write. Now Ican make myself a vase like that which the old Roman kept at his bedside andwore the rim slowly away with kissing it. So I, who never had a sister and wasfated to lose my daughter in infancy, set out to make myself a beautiful andtragic little girl.

The daily writing was “ecstasy,” and theparticular image which provided the genesis of the book, eventuallyincorporated into the early pages of the story, became “the only thing inliterature which would ever move me very much: Caddy climbing the pear tree tolook in the window at her grandfather’s funeral while Quentin and Jason andBenjy and the negroes looked up at the muddy seat of her drawers.”

Faulkner maintained his folksy, self-deprecating view thatthe book was a “splendid failure” right to the end, even afterworldwide fame and the Nobel. In a 1957 interview, he described hisexperimental, four-part telling of the story as a decision forced upon him byhis lack of talent:

I tried first to tell it with one brother, and that wasn’tenough. That was Section One. I tried with another brother, and that wasn’t enough.That was Section Two. I tried the third brother, because Caddy was still to metoo beautiful and too moving to reduce her to telling what was going on, thatit would be more passionate to see her through somebody else’s eyes, I thought.And that failed and I tried myself—the fourth section—to tell what happened,and I still failed.

Daybook is contributed by Steve King, who teaches in the English Department of Memorial University in St. John’s, Newfoundland. His literary daybook began as a radio series syndicated nationally in Canada. He can be found online at todayinliterature.com.