Customer Reviews for

IQ and the Wealth of Nations

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing all of 6 Customer Reviews
Page 1 of 1
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 28, 2005

    TRUE-FALSE. IQ and Markets causes National Wealth-Poverty

    Professors Lynn and Vanhanen (L-V) book has become the underground book of the decade if not the century. Human beings have cherished belief as children that turned out to be NOT TRUE as adults. Knowledge is defined as justified TRUE belief. A common belief is that all nations will develop equally over time given enough natural resources and time. This belief is simply NOT TRUE. We know some facts. Africa is still the poorest place on Earth and China will have the world's largest economy in 2020 or 2030. North Korea, under a Stalinist-Static economic system has famine with death of upwards to 2-3 million people. South Korea, under a free market, free trade, and free enterprise economic system has become a high-wage, high standard of living nation with greater cell phone, computers and broadband penetration that any nation on Earth. What is the root-casue of the wealth-poverty of nations. Why are some nations so rich? Why are some nations so poor? There are three (3) major arguments made in book. We can use simple True-False system to make assessment of the three (3) main claims. #1. True-False. Wealth from Natural Reources. Poverty from lack of Natural Resources. The wealth-poverty of nations on Earth is caused by the abundance, lack of natural resources. Wealth from the beginning of human history unil the years 1700-1800 has been defined as Natural Resources. Land, Land, Land. With land, you can grow potatoe, tomatoe, cow, sheep, chicken. With land, there is often Gold, Silver, Diamond, Coal, Natural Gas. Humans depend of Nature. Nature provides humans with Food, Energy and Natural Materials. 'Nature' is the reason we are even able to live on Earth. Science often equals 'Natural Science' The 'Science of Nature'. With the knowledge of Nature, we can harness the resources of Nature for productive uses. Electricity powers our homes. Silicion, i.e. sand, is the foundation of the digital-electronic age. The natural resource for Wealth in the 19th, 20th, 21st. century, has been, is and will continue to be Oil, Oil, Oil. Unless we can make garbage into energy. The way to get rich is and will continue to be Oil, Oil, Oil. True. Natural Resources, ('NATURE') Wealth from Nature, the simple and easy way to Weath. This argument is True, not false. Australia and Canada has abundant Natural Resources due to their simple ownership of land. The Middle East has Oil, Oil, Oil and is wealthy due to oil. True. Oil = Black Gold. True in the 19th, 20th, 21th. century. #2 True-False. Free Enterprise, free markets, free trade economies produces Wealth. Static-Socialist-Communist economies produces poverty. Compared North Korea-South, China-Taiwan, Cuba-Florida. With the few remaining Static-Communist nations on Earth. We are able to see that static-communism produces poverty. Cubans are paid an average of U.S. $10 a month. There is mass starvation, famine in North Korea. China under evil dictator Mao from the years 1949-1976 was the poorest nation on Earth with mass famine of 30-40 million. China, after the 1978 reform, with the embrace of free trade, free enterprise has the worlds fastest growing economy. The per capita in South Korea is twenty (20) times that of North Korea. Taiwan, under a free enterprise economic system has become a high wage, high income nations. China, until the reform of the last 25 years, had per capita income in the range of $200-$300 dollars a years. In Asia, where the communist-free enterprise system played out, we can see clearly static communism produces mass-poverty. Free enterprise, free trade, free markets produce a high standard of living, high wages and high output of products and services. Contrast the nations with a static economic system to a free economic system Florida - Cuba. South Korea - North Korea Taiwan - Chi

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted November 18, 2003

    what is IQ?

    At first sight, Lynn and Vanhanen (L+V) appear to have discovered a remarkable and previously unsuspected relationship between IQ and the national wealth of countries. Judging from reviews on this site and others this is clearly an idea which catches the imagination of some readers. However, L+V give a very one sided account. This is a common feature of genetic accounts of intelligence, which leads many to suspect the true motives of such authors. The danger of such a one sided account here is that readers not aware of the full complexities of the issues are seduced into what appears a very straightforward hypothesis - that the poor countires of the world are in their predicament because of the natural intelligence of their population. L and V neglect to point out that the nature of IQ is just about the most controversial topic within modern psychology. There is no agreement between researchers as to what IQ tests measure. Whatever it is they measure, there is no agreement as to how much of this quantity is determined by the environment on the one hand and genetics on the other. L and V adopt the stance that IQ is largely genetic. This is far from accepted, and all the relevant evidence comes from the West. In the rich countries such as the UK and USA, with high standards of educational provision accessible to the majority, performance on IQ tests may well have a substantial genetic component. This is less likely to be the case in the third world, where the majority of the population have little access to good education, not to mention adequate food, housing etc. In other words, IQ in the third world is likely to be an index of access to education. This is further borne out by illiteracy rates. Illiteracy is a consequience of receiving little if any education. Illiteracy rates reported by Unesco correlate -0.73 with L and Vs international IQ estimates. Illiteracy has been shown to cause real brain changes, and reduced abstract problem solving, exactly the kinds of skills measured on the IQ tests reported by L and V. Even these abstract problem solving tests are far from culture free, as Naglieri has shown with his improved tests on which cross racial differences are negligible. In short, L and Vs account is polemical and one sided. It is dangerous in that some readers might be tempted to assume that the text gives an unproblematic account of how third world poverty is a result of low intelligence. Before accepting this simple and unbalanced hypothesis, readers should familiarise themselves with more thorough and balanced accounts, e.g. that of Mackintosh (98).

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 26, 2002

    IQ and the Wealth of Nations

    The book's content is irresistible - at its heart is a table of the average IQ scores of 81 different countries, drawn from studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. The national average IQs range from 107 for Hong Kong to 59 for Guinea. Lynn and Vanhanen benchmarked their IQ results so that Britain is 100. America scores 98 on this scale, and the world average is 90. IQ's are assumed to form a normal probability distribution ("bell curve") with the standard deviation set at 15. Here are a few examples: Nation Avg. IQ Guinea 59 Nigeria 67 Barbados 78 Guatemala 79 India 81 Iraq 87 Mexico 87 Argentina 96 US 98 China 100 UK 100 Italy 102 Japan 105 Hong Kong 107 Admit it, you want to know what the rest of the table says! Beyond satisfying sheer curiosity, though, the strong correlation between IQ and the wealth of nations is of world-historical importance. From now on, no public intellectual can seriously claim to be attempting to understand how the world works unless he takes IQ into account. How much can we trust these IQ results? As soon as I received the book, I turned to Appendix 1, where Lynn and Vanhanen describe all 168 national IQ studies they've found - an average of just over two per country. I expected a sizable amount of internal divergence. I know how expensive it is to come up with a nationally representative sample. Further, Lynn and Vanhanen use results from quite different IQ tests. They rely most on the non-verbal Raven's Progressive Matrices, which were designed to be used across cultures, even by illiterates. Yet, they also have a lot of results from the Wechsler exams, which are more culture dependent - the Wechsler include a vocabulary subtest, for example. And they report results from other IQ tests, including a few from the oddball Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man test. Also, sample sizes vary dramatically, from a few dozen in some obscure countries to 64,000 for one American study. Finally, some studies were of children, others of adults.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 26, 2002

    IQ and the Wealth of Nations

    This brilliantly conceived, superbly-written, path-breaking book, does for the global study of economic prosperity what Herrnstein and Murray's (1994) The Bell Curve did for the USA. IQ and the Wealth of Nations examines IQ scores and economic indicators in 185 nations. It shows that national differences in wealth are explained first, by the intelligence levels of the populations; second, by whether the countries have market or communist economies; and finally, by unique circumstances such as, in the case of Qatar, by sitting atop a sea of oil. One striking fact is that the average national IQ of the world is 90. Few nations have IQs equal or near the British average of 100 (less than 20%). The highest average IQs are found among the Oriental nations of North East Asia (IQ = 104), followed by the European nations (IQ = 98), and the mainly White populations of North America and Australasia (IQ = 98), the nations of South and Southwest Asia from the Middle East through Turkey to India and Malaysia (IQ = 87), the nations of South East Asia and the Pacific Islands (IQ = 86), the nations of Latin America and the Caribbean (IQ = 85), and finally by the nations of Africa (IQ = 70). Because many nations have IQs of 90 or less (almost 50%), this poses a serious problem if the book's conclusion that IQ = 90 forms the threshold for a technological economy is correct. IQs can vary greatly within a geographic region. In Latin America and the Caribbean, IQs range from 72 in Jamaica to 96 in Argentina and Uruguay, and appear to be due to the racial and ethnic make-up of the populations. ... Mean national IQ correlates 0.71 with per capita Gross National Product (GNP) for 1998, and 0.76 with per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 1998, and that national IQs predict both long term (1820-1922) and short term (1950-90; 1976-1998) economic growth rates measured variously by per capita GNP and GDP (mean rs ~ 0.60). Lynn and Vanhanen prove that the widespread though rarely stated assumption of economists and political scientists that all peoples and nations have the same average IQ is wildly wrong. They document that IQs predate earnings, are heritable, and are stable from age 5 onwards, and predict educational level and many other positive outcomes as evidence that IQ is the cause, not antecedent. The take home message of IQ and the Wealth of Nations is that national differences in IQ are here to stay and so is the gap between the rich and the poor nations.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 26, 2002

    IQ and the Wealth of Nations

    Many readers must be curious to know the IQ of all the countries mentioned in book. Here's preview. Average IQ for all 185 nations. Hong Kong (107) is highest. Israel is 94, Africa is at 70. GDP is year 2000 GDP. Can any of these IQ numbers be right? The world needs additional research and study..... This is good peek, buy the book and read the full details and judge for yourself. The high price is worth read. National average IQ. UK is benchmark at 100. Hong Kong 107 Korea, South 106 Japan 105 Taiwan 104 Singapore 104 Austria 102 Germany 102 Italy 102 Netherlands 102 Sweden 101 Switzerland 101 Belgium 100 China 100 NewZealand 100 U. Kingdom 100 Hungary 99 Poland 99 Australia 98 Denmark 98 France 98 Norway 98 United States 98 Canada 97 Czech Republic 97 Finland 97 Spain 97 Argentina 96 Russia 96 Slovakia 96 Uruguay 96 Portugal 95 Slovenia 95 Israel 94 Romania 94 Bulgaria 93 Ireland 93 Greece 92 Malaysia 92 Thailand 91 Croatia 90 Peru 90 Turkey 90 Colombia 89 Indonesia 89 Suri name 89 Brazil 87 Iraq 87 Mexico 87 Samoa (Western) 87 Tonga 87 Lebanon 86 Philippines 86 Cuba 85 Morocco 85 Fiji 84 Iran 84 Marshall Islands 84 Puerto Rico 84 Egypt 83 India 81 Ecuador 80 Guatemala 79 Barbados 78 Nepal 78 Qatar 78 Zambia 77 Congo (Brazz) 73 Uganda 73 Jamaica 72 Kenya 72 South Africa 72 Sudan 72 Tanzania 72 Ghana 71 Nigeria 67 Guinea 66 Zimbabwe 66 Congo (Zaire) 65 Sierra Leone 64 Ethiopia 63 Guinea 59

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted October 16, 2002

    Original "Missing Element in World Development???

    Anyone who spends time watching TV news or reading any publication is struck by the amount of poverty and uneven development in the world. According the U.S. World Factbook, many nation in Africa have life expectancy little above 40 years old. Half of the population of India is illiterate and a majority of the populations of China still live in the rural countryside with annual incomes in the hundreds of dollars. What causes the great differences in wealth and poverty between the world¿s nations. I personally have many of these questions, as I am sure many others, of the wealth and poverty of nations. That¿s why Professor Lynn and Professor Vanhanen book seems to be a bolt of lightning out of the blue on the issue of Wealth of Poverty of Nations. Book is pricey but definitely worth the cost. The Wealth of Nations can be assessed on three areas: 1. Natural Resources. Land, Oil, Diamond, Agriculture, Fishing, etc. 2. Planned versus Market Economies. Planned, controlled economies have brought poverty to North Korea, Russia, Eastern Europe, Cuba, China. Professor Lynn compares North to South Korea where income in south is 15 times higher than the north. In fact, there is now famine in North Korea. 3. National IQ of population. IQ and Wealth of Nations dwells on the third component between National IQ and Economic Development. The author¿s ideas are original and are to be commended for a doing a full academic study. The UK IQ of 100 is used as standard measure. The lowest measured is in Guinea (IQ, 59), Nigeria (IQ, 67) and highest in Japan (IQ, 105) and Hong Kong (IQ, 107). Of note, readers will find IQ interesting if not debatable such as India (IQ, 81) Iraq (IQ, 87) Mexico (IQ, 87) US (IQ, 98) and Israel (IQ, 94). You would think India with so many engineers would have a higher IQ. The highest average IQs are of the East Asian nations of North East Asia (IQ, 104), European nations (IQ, 98), and white populations of North America and Australasia (IQ, 98), South and Southwest Asia from the Middle East through Turkey to India and Malaysia (IQ, 87), South East Asia and the Pacific Islands (IQ, 86), Latin America and the Caribbean (IQ, 85), and Africa (IQ, 70). Many readers of the 1994 The Bell Curve will be interested in the authors¿ finding of IQ of 70 for the native African population in Africa. The African-American IQ is usually 85 in U.S., Jamaica (IQ, 72). The Africans in U.S. have a higher IQ of 85 compared to Africa of 70. This will be of note to historians. Of concern to American reader are the IQ of it¿s neighboring countries. Canada (97), Mexico (87), Cuba (85), Jamaica (72), Haiti (72) in the news Russia (96) Afghanistan (83). The numbers may be incorrect but nonetheless are worthy areas of debate and data for additional research. Of China (100) and India (81), two nations in the billion people range. China (IQ, 100) compared with U.S.A. (98). China has five times as many people as U.S. The IQ of 100 may be depressed because of poverty. If it is 107 like the Chinese in Hong Kong, China seems to be a nation destined to rule the 21st. century. China has ten times more people than Japan (IQ, 105). The IQ on China seems to be of world-historical, world-economic importance if they have such a high IQ. Sitting here in Austin, Texas, this bit of information makes me think. Not will they provide cheap labor, they will also provide the brains for the world. The author posits an IQ of 90 is needed for a technology-based society. Only 20% of the world population have IQ above 90. Africa (IQ, 70) and India (IQ, 81), Latin America (IQ, 85) raises the impossibility of technical development there. This is depressing news. People who work in aiding the Third World really needs to look at these IQ numbers. If the IQ of 70 is correct for Africa, there going to be endless poverty. Having read the book twice, this book really raises unsettling questions about he future of the world. Professor

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
Sort by: Showing all of 6 Customer Reviews
Page 1 of 1