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Part 1 An Overview of Osteoporosis and Bone Development 1
Questions 1-10 describe the physiology of bone development and how osteoporosis and osteopenia occur, including:
What is osteoporosis and what does it look like? How does osteopenia differ from osteoporosis?
How does osteoporosis occur?
Are there other vitamins and minerals that contribute to bone development?
Which bones are affected by osteoporosis?
Part 2 Risk Factors and Testing 17
Questions 11-39 address the risk factors associated with osteoporosis, who should be tested, and how osteoporosis is diagnosed, including:
Who gets osteoporosis?
What are the risk factors for osteoporosis?
How will I know if I have osteoporosis? Are there any signs or symptoms?
How will my clinician use my test results to determine whether I have osteoporosis?
Part 3 Lifestyle Changes and Treatments 75
Questions 40-71 address lifestyle changes, exercise, calcium requirements and supplements, prescription medications, and other management strategies for osteoporosis and osteopenia, such as:
I understand that exercise is important for the treatment of osteoporosis. Why?
When should I take calcium supplements? Is there any particular time of day that makes calcium more effective? Should I take it before meals, with meals, or between meals?
I know there are other vitamins and minerals that are important to bone development. Will I get enough of everything I need if I take a daily vitamin?
Can I take prescription osteoporosis medications in combination with each other? Which medications could I use together to get more improvement in my bones?
Part 4 Living with Osteoporosis197
Questions 72-89 discuss the risk of fractures, preventing falls, and other lifestyle issues related to living with osteoporosis:
If I fracture a bone, will it change my treatment? Will a broken bone take longer to heal? Will a broken bone be repaired or casted differently?
Should I stop exercising if I break a bone?
It's hard not to think about my bones being weak. How do I keep osteoporosis from interfering with my life?
Are there any medications that I should adjust or stop taking while I'm being treated for osteoporosis?
Part 5 Prevention and Going Forward 243
Questions 90-100 describe some of the steps used to prevent osteoporosis in all age groups, talking to friends and family about osteoporosis, the future developments related to treatment, and where to go for more information:
My daughter's friend is only 26 and has recently been diagnosed with osteoporosis as a result of being treated for endometriosis. Is osteoporosis reversible at her age?
I'm 60 years old. Is it really worth it to start exercising now? Will exercise at my age help prevent osteoporosis?
What should I tell my family about osteoporosis? Will it curtail activities with them?
Osteoporosis seems to be featured in the news almost daily. What are some of the future treatments? Are there any new drugs that are being evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of osteoporosis?
Appendix A This appendix provides drawings of sample exercises with step-by-step instructions. 271
Appendix B This appendix gives a list of organizations and Web sites that will provide additional information about osteoporosis and osteopenia. 277