1688: The First Modern Revolution

1688: The First Modern Revolution

by Steve Pincus
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0300171439

ISBN-13: 9780300171433

Pub. Date: 02/22/2011

Publisher: Yale University Press

For two hundred years historians have viewed England’s Glorious Revolution of 1688–1689 as an un-revolutionary revolution—bloodless, consensual, aristocratic, and above all, sensible. In this brilliant new interpretation Steve Pincus refutes this traditional view.

By expanding the interpretive lens to include a broader geographical and

Overview

For two hundred years historians have viewed England’s Glorious Revolution of 1688–1689 as an un-revolutionary revolution—bloodless, consensual, aristocratic, and above all, sensible. In this brilliant new interpretation Steve Pincus refutes this traditional view.

By expanding the interpretive lens to include a broader geographical and chronological frame, Pincus demonstrates that England’s revolution was a European event, that it took place over a number of years, not months, and that it had repercussions in India, North America, the West Indies, and throughout continental Europe. His rich historical narrative, based on masses of new archival research, traces the transformation of English foreign policy, religious culture, and political economy that, he argues, was the intended consequence of the revolutionaries of 1688–1689.

James II developed a modernization program that emphasized centralized control, repression of dissidents, and territorial empire. The revolutionaries, by contrast, took advantage of the new economic possibilities to create a bureaucratic but participatory state. The postrevolutionary English state emphasized its ideological break with the past and envisioned itself as continuing to evolve. All of this, argues Pincus, makes the Glorious Revolution—not the French Revolution—the first truly modern revolution. This wide-ranging book reenvisions the nature of the Glorious Revolution and of revolutions in general, the causes and consequences of commercialization, the nature of liberalism, and ultimately the origins and contours of modernity itself.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300171433
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
02/22/2011
Series:
The Lewis Walpole Series in Eighteenth-Century Culture and History
Pages:
664
Sales rank:
717,465
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations vii

Acknowledgments xi

Part 1 Introductory

Introduction 3

Chapter 1 The Unmaking of a Revolution 11

Chapter 2 Rethinking Revolutions 30

Part II Prerevolutionary England

Chapter 3 Going Dutch: English Society in 1685 49

Chapter 4 English Politics at the Accession of James II 91

Chapter 5 The Ideology of Catholic Modernity 118

Chapter 6 The Practice of Catholic Modernity 143

Chapter 7 Resistance to Catholic Modernity 179

Part III Revolution

Chapter 8 Popular Revolution 221

Chapter 9 Violent Revolution 254

Chapter 10 Divisive Revolution 278

Part IV Revolutionary Transformation

Chapter 11 Revolution in Foreign Policy 305

Chapter 12 Revolution in Political Economy 366

Chapter 13 Revolution in the Church 400

Part V Conclusion

Chapter 14 Assassination, Association, and the Consolidation of Revolution 437

Chapter 15 Conclusion: The First Modern Revoludon 474

Abbreviations 487

Notes 489

Manuscripts Consulted 619

Index 631

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