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1956 Hungarian Revolution: A History in Documents

Overview

This volume presents the story of the Hungarian Revolution in 120 original documents, ranging from the minutes of Khrushchev's first meeting with Hungarian leaders after Stalin's death in 1953, to Yeltsin's declaration on Hungary in 1992. The great majority of the material comes from archives that were inaccessible until the 1990s, and appears here in English for the first time.
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Overview

This volume presents the story of the Hungarian Revolution in 120 original documents, ranging from the minutes of Khrushchev's first meeting with Hungarian leaders after Stalin's death in 1953, to Yeltsin's declaration on Hungary in 1992. The great majority of the material comes from archives that were inaccessible until the 1990s, and appears here in English for the first time.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789639241664
  • Publisher: Central European University, LLC
  • Publication date: 9/28/2000
  • Pages: 664
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 1.33 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface XIII
Foreword XV
Introductory Essay XIX
Editors' Introduction and Acknowledgements XXVII
Acronyms and Abbreviations XXXI
Chronology of Events XXXIII
Part 1 Hungary Before the Revolution
Introduction 1
Document No. 1 Notes of a Meeting between the CPSU CC Presidium and a HWP Political Committee Delegation in Moscow, June 13 and 16, 1953 14
Document No. 2 "Resolution of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Worker's Party Concerning the Mistakes Committed in the Policy and Practice of the Party, and the Tasks Necessary to Correct These Mistakes," June 28, 1953 24
Document No. 3 NSC 174, "United States Policy Toward the Soviet Satellites in Eastern Europe," December 11, 1953 34
Document No. 4 Notes of Discussion between the CPSU CC Presidium and a HWP Leadership Delegation in Moscow, May 5, 1954 54
Document No. 5 Notes of Discussion between the CPSU CC Presidium and a HWP Leadership Delegation in Moscow on January 8, 1955 60
Document No. 6 Dispatch 1086, "Balloons to Hungary," March 24, 1955 66
Document No. 7 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) 12-56, "Probable Developments in the European Satellites," January 10, 1956 69
Document No. 8 Study Prepared for U.S. Army Intelligence, "Hungary: Resistance Activities and Potentials," January 1956 86
Document No. 9 Soviet Foreign Ministry Notes on Current Issues in Soviet Global Policy, January 4, 1956 106
Document No. 10 British Foreign Office Minutes concerning Developments in Eastern Europe, June 5, 1956 114
Document No. 11 Memorandum from Kliment Voroshilov to the CPSU CC Presidium regarding His Meeting with Matyas Rakosi, June 26, 1956 116
Document No. 12 NSC 5608, "U.S. Policy Toward the Soviet Satellites in Eastern Europe," (excerpts) July 6, 1956 119
Document No. 13 Minutes of the 290th NSC Meeting, July 12, 1956 129
Document No. 14 Nikita Khrushchev's Letter to Matyas Rakosi and Other Socialist Leaders, July 13, 1956 136
Document No. 15 Report from Anastas Mikoyan on the Situation in the Hungarian Workers' Party, July 14, 1956 143
Document No. 16 Memorandum from J.G. Ward to the British Foreign Office, "British Policy towards the Satellites," July 17, 1956 148
Document No. 17 National Security Council Report NSC 5608/1, "U.S. Policy toward the Soviet Satellites in Eastern Europe," July 18, 1956 152
Document No. 18 Letter from Erno Gero to Josip Broz Tito, July 19, 1956 157
Document No. 19 Report from Ambassador Yurii Andropov on Deteriorating Conditions in Hungary, August 29, 1956 159
Document No. 20 North Atlantic Council Document C-M(56)110, "The Thaw in Eastern Europe," September 24, 1956 168
Document No. 21 Record of Conversation between Yurii Andropov and Erno Gero, October 12, 1956 178
Document No. 22 Memorandum from the British Foreign Office to the British NATO Delegation, October 16, 1956 183
Document No. 23 Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium, October 20, 1956 186
Document No. 24 The "Sixteen Points" Prepared by Hungarian Students, October 22-23, 1956 188
Part 2 From Demonstrations to Revolution
Introduction 191
Document No. 25 Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium, October 23, 1956 217
Document No. 26 Situation Report from Anastas Mikoyan and Mikhail Suslov in Budapest to the CPSU CC Presidium, October 24, 1956 219
Document No. 27 Jan Svoboda's Notes on the CPSU CC Presidium Meeting with Satellite Leaders, October 24, 1956 222
Document No. 28 Memorandum of Conversation between John Foster Dulles and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, October 24, 1956 228
Document No. 29 Minutes of the Czechoslovak (CPCz) Politburo Meeting, October 24, 1956 229
Document No. 30 Notes on the 38th Meeting of the Special Committee on Soviet and Related Problems, Washington, October 25, 1956 231
Document No. 31 Memorandum from Thomas Brimelow to the British Foreign Office News Department, October 25, 1956 234
Document No. 32 Situation Report from Anastas Mikoyan to the CPSU CC Presidium, October 26, 1956 235
Document No. 33 Report from Anastas Mikoyan and Mikhail Suslov to the CPSU CC Presidium on Talks with HWP Leaders, October 26, 1956 237
Document No. 34 Memorandum of Discussion at the 301st Meeting of the National Security Council, October 26, 1956, 9-10:42 a.m. 240
Document No. 35 Memoranda of Conversation between President Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles, October 26, 1956 244
Document No. 36 Minutes of the 55th Meeting of the Romanian Workers' Party Political Committee, October 26, 1956 246
Document No. 37 French Foreign Ministry Instructions to United Nations Representative M. Cornut-Gentille, October 27, 1956 250
Document No. 38 Report from Anastas Mikoyan and Mikhail Suslov in Budapest to the CPSU CC, October 27, 1956 251
Document No. 39 HWP CC Political Committee Meeting, October 28, 1956 253
Document No. 40 Working Notes from the CPSU CC Presidium Session, October 28, 1956 262
Document No. 41 Soviet Foreign Ministry and CPSU CC Presidium Instructions to Yurii Andropov and Arkadii Sobolev, October 28, 1956 270
Document No. 42 Report from Yurii Andropov Transmitting a Back-Dated Request for Soviet Intervention from Andras Hegedus to the CPSU CC Presidium, October 28, 1956 272
Document No. 43 Minutes of the First Meeting of the Hungarian National Government, October 28, 1956 273
Document No. 44 Radio Message from Imre Nagy Announcing the Formation of a New Government, October 28, 1956, 5:25 p.m. 284
Document No. 45 Transcripts of Radio Free Europe Programs, Advising on Military Tactics to Use Against a Superior Enemy, October 28, 1956 286
Document No. 46 Proclamation by Imre Nagy on the Creation of a Multi-Party System, October 30, 1956 290
Document No. 47 Situation Report from Anastas Mikoyan and Mikhail Suslov in Budapest, October 30, 1956 292
Document No. 48 Cable from Italian Communist Party Leader Palmiro Togliatti to the CPSU CC Presidium, October 30, 1956 294
Document No. 49 Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium on October 30, 1956 (Re: Point 1 of Protocol No. 49) 295
Document No. 50 "Declaration by the Government of the USSR on the Principles of Development and Further Strengthening of Friendship and Cooperation Between the Soviet Union and Other Socialist States," October 30, 1956 300
Document No. 51 Minutes of the 58th Meeting of the Romanian Politburo, October 30, 1956 303
Document No. 52 Information Report from Bulgarian State Security on the Activities of "Hostile Elements," October 30, 1956 305
Document No. 53 Working Notes and Attached Extract from the Minutes of the CPSU CC Presidium Meeting, October 31, 1956 307
Document No. 54 Draft Telegram to Italian Communist Leader Palmiro Togliatti on the Situation in Hungary, (CPSU CC Protocol 49), October 31, 1956 311
Document No. 55 Instructions from Koca Popovic, Yugoslav Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, to Ambassador Dalibor Soldatic, October 31, 1956 (Excerpt) 312
Document No. 56 Record of Conversation between Yugoslav Ambassador Dalibor Soldatic and Janos Kadar, October 31, 1956 (Excerpt) 313
Document No. 57 Minutes of the Nagy Government's Second Cabinet Meeting, October 31, 1956 314
Document No. 58 Telegram from Imre Nagy to Kliment Voroshilov Proposing Negotiations on the Withdrawal of Soviet Troops, October 31, 1956 316
Document No. 59 Draft Minute by British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd to Prime Minister Anthony Eden, October 31, 1956 317
Document No. 60 Minutes of the 59th Romanian Politburo Meeting, October 31, 1956 318
Document No. 61 Minutes of the Nagy Government's Third Cabinet Meeting, November 1, 1956 321
Document No. 62 Memorandum of Discussion at the 302nd Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, November 1, 1956, 9-10:55 a.m. 324
Document No. 63 Cryptogram from the Polish Ambassador in Budapest, Adam Willman, to Warsaw, November 1, 1956 326
Document No. 64 Minutes of the Nagy Government's Fourth Cabinet Meeting, November 1, 1956 328
Document No. 65 Report from Yurii Andropov in Budapest to the CPSU CC Presidium, November 1, 1956 330
Document No. 66 Telegram from Imre Nagy to Diplomatic Missions in Budapest Declaring Hungary's Neutrality, November 1, 1956 332
Document No. 67 Telegram from Imre Nagy to U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, November 1, 1956 333
Document No. 68 Imre Nagy's Declaration of Hungarian Neutrality (Radio Broadcast), November 1, 1956 334
Document No. 69 Minutes of the PZPR Politburo Meeting Reacting to the Soviet Decision to Use Military Force in Hungary, November 1, 1956 335
Document No. 70 Working Notes from the CPSU CC Presidium Session with the Participation of Janos Kadar and Ferenc Munnich, November 2, 1956 336
Document No. 71 Minutes of the Nagy Government's Fifth Cabinet Meeting, November 2, 1956 341
Document No. 72 Hungarian Government Protest, November 2, 1956 343
Document No. 73 Imre Nagy's Note Verbale to the Chiefs of Diplomatic Missions in Budapest Informing of Soviet Military Movements and Hungarian Intentions to Negotiate, November 2, 1956 344
Document No. 74 Telegram from Imre Nagy to U.N. Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold, November 2, 1956 346
Document No. 75 Resolution of the CPCz CC Politburo Supporting Planned Soviet Measures, November 2, 1956 347
Document No. 76 Notes of Yugoslav Ambassador to Moscow Veljko Micunovic on Negotiations between Yugoslav and Soviet Leaders at Brioni, November 3, 1956 348
Document No. 77 Nikita Khrushchev's Recollections of Discussions between the CPSU CC Presidium and Hungarian Leaders Janos Kadar and Ferenc Munnich in Moscow, November 3, 1956 (Excerpt) 355
Document No. 78 Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium, with the Participation of Janos Kadar, Ference Munnich, and Imre Horvath, November 3, 1956 356
Document No. 79 Working Notes of Imre Horvath from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium, November 3, 1956 359
Document No. 80 Hungarian Government Instructions to Acting U.N. Representative Janos Szabo, November 3, 1956 362
Document No. 81 Telegram from Jean Laloy, Head of the European Department of the French Foreign Ministry, to the French Delegation in New York, November 3, 1956 363
Part 3 Hungary in the Aftermath
Introduction 364
Document No. 82 Radio Statement by Imre Nagy Announcing an Attack by Soviet Forces on the Hungarian Government, November 4, 1956 383
Document No. 83 Report from Georgii Zhukov to the CPSU CC, November 4, 1956, 12 a.m. 384
Document No. 84 Working Notes from the Session of the CPSU CC Presidium, Protocol No. 51, November 4, 1956 385
Document No. 85 Instructions to Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Firyubin to Inform the Yugoslavs of the Soviet Position concerning Imre Nagy, November 4, 1956 387
Document No. 86 Action Taken as a Result of White House Decision, November 4, 1956 388
Document No. 87 RFE Press Review on U.N. Action against the Soviet Union, November 4, 1956 389
Document No. 88 Yugoslav Foreign Ministry Instructions to Dalibor Soldatic, November 4, 1956 391
Document No. 89 Notes from the CPSU CC Presidium Meeting Reflecting a CPSU Leadership Split, November 6, 1956 392
Document No. 90 Letter from Nikita Khrushchev to Josip Tito, November 7, 1956 395
Document No. 91 Josip Tito's Letter to Nikita Khrushchev, November 8, 1956 398
Document No. 92 Memorandum of Discussion of the 303rd Meeting of the NSC, November 8, 1956 (Excerpts) 401
Document No. 93 Message from Andrei Gromyko to Janos Kadar, November 9, 1956 404
Document No. 94 Memoranda of Telephone Conversations between President Eisenhower and Henry Cabot Lodge, and between President Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, November 9, 1956 406
Document No. 95 Minutes of the HSWP Provisional Central Committee Meeting, November 11, 1956 (Excerpts) 408
Document No. 96 Speech by Josip Tito at Pula, November 11, 1956 418
Document No. 97 Report by Soviet Deputy Interior Minister M. N. Holodkov to Interior Minister N. P. Dudorov, November 15, 1956 432
Document No. 98 Report by Georgii Malenkov, Mikhail Suslov, and Averki Aristov's on Hungarian-Yugoslav Negotiations, November 17, 1956 435
Document No. 99 National Security Council Report NSC 5616/2, "Interim U.S. Policy on Developments in Poland and Hungary," November 19, 1956 (Excerpts) 437
Document No. 100 Notes of the Meeting between Dobrivoje Vidic and the Nagy Group, November 19, 1956 443
Document No. 101 Hungarian Minutes of the Negotiations between Janos Kadar and Dobrivoje Vidic, November 20, 1956 445
Document No. 102 Situation Report from Georgii Malenkov, Mikhail Suslov, and Averki Aristov, November 22, 1956 (Excerpts) 448
Document No. 103 Tito's letter to Nikita Khrushchev on the Tensions between Belgrade and Moscow Caused by the Hungarian Revolution, December 3, 1956 (Excerpts) 456
Document No. 104 Resolution of the Provisional Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, December 5, 1956. (Excerpts) 460
Document No. 105 "Policy Review of Voice for Free Hungary Programming, October 23-November 23, 1956," December 5, 1956 464
Document No. 106 Vladimir Baikov's Telegram to the CPSU CC Suggesting a Multilateral Meeting on the "Imre Nagy Group," December 28, 1956 485
Document No. 107 Memorandum from Boris Ponomarev to the CPSU CC on the Hungarian Government's Draft Declaration concerning "Major Tasks," December 29, 1956 487
Document No. 108 Romanian and Czechoslovak Minutes on the Meeting of Five East European States' Leaders in Budapest (with Attached Final Communique), January 1-4, 1957 489
Document No. 109 Minutes of a Meeting between the Hungarian and Chinese Delegations in Budapest, January 16, 1957 496
Document No. 110 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) 12-57, "Stability of the Soviet Satellite Structure," February 19, 1957 504
Document No. 111 HSWP Provisional Central Committee Resolution concerning the Evaluation of the Nagy Group's Role, February 26, 1957 (Excerpts) 515
Document No. 112 Kadar's Report before the HSWP Provisional Executive Committee on the Soviet-Hungarian Negotiations in Moscow, April 2, 1957 517
Document No. 113 Notes of Talks between the PPR Party-State Delegation and the USSR Party-State Delegation, Moscow, May 24-25, 1957 524
Document No. 114 CPSU CC Plenum Transcript from June 24, 1957 (Excerpt from Evening Session) 527
Document No. 115 Minutes of the HSWP Central Committee Meeting, December 21, 1957 (Excerpts) 532
Document No. 116 Letter from Yurii Andropov to the CPSU CC regarding the Trial of Imre Nagy, August 26, 1957 539
Document No. 117 Memorandum from Yurii Andropov to the CPSU CC, August 29, 1957 541
Document No. 118 National Security Council Report 5811, "Policy toward the Soviet-Dominated Nations in Eastern Europe," May 9, 1958 543
Documentary Epilocue
Document No. 119 Extraordinary Meeting of the HSWP Political Committee Discussing Imre Pozsgay's Declaration on 1956, January 31, 1989 (Excerpt) 553
Document No. 120 Remarks on the Hungarian Revolution by Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, December 6, 1991, and Russian President Boris Yeltsin, November 11, 1992 557
Main Actors 559
Organizations 565
Bibliography 568
Index 583
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