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The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality
     

The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality

by Thomas Borstelmann
 

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ISBN-10: 0691141568

ISBN-13: 9780691141565

Pub. Date: 11/20/2011

Publisher: Princeton University Press

The 1970s looks at an iconic decade when the cultural left and economic right came to the fore in American society and the world at large. While many have seen the 1970s as simply a period of failures epitomized by Watergate, inflation, the oil crisis, global unrest, and disillusionment with military efforts in Vietnam, Thomas Borstelmann creates a new

Overview

The 1970s looks at an iconic decade when the cultural left and economic right came to the fore in American society and the world at large. While many have seen the 1970s as simply a period of failures epitomized by Watergate, inflation, the oil crisis, global unrest, and disillusionment with military efforts in Vietnam, Thomas Borstelmann creates a new framework for understanding the period and its legacy. He demonstrates how the 1970s increased social inclusiveness and, at the same time, encouraged commitments to the free market and wariness of government. As a result, American culture and much of the rest of the world became more—and less—equal.

Borstelmann explores how the 1970s forged the contours of contemporary America. Military, political, and economic crises undercut citizens' confidence in government. Free market enthusiasm led to lower taxes, a volunteer army, individual 401(k) retirement plans, free agency in sports, deregulated airlines, and expansions in gambling and pornography. At the same time, the movement for civil rights grew, promoting changes for women, gays, immigrants, and the disabled. And developments were not limited to the United States. Many countries gave up colonial and racial hierarchies to develop a new formal commitment to human rights, while economic deregulation spread to other parts of the world, from Chile and the United Kingdom to China.

Placing a tempestuous political culture within a global perspective, The 1970s shows that the decade wrought irrevocable transformations upon American society and the broader world that continue to resonate today.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691141565
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
11/20/2011
Series:
America in the World Series
Pages:
416
Sales rank:
1,245,530
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Crosscurrents of Crisis in 1970s America 19

Trouble Abroad 22

Corruption at Home 36

Conservatism and the Distrust of Government 45

Economic Insecurity 53

Turning Inward 63

Chapter 2: The Rising Tide of Equality and Democratic Reform 73

Women in the Public Sphere 76

Women in the Private Sphere 88

The Many Frontiers of Equality 96

Political Reform 108

Resistance 114

Chapter 3: The Spread of Market Values 122

A Sea Change of Principles 126

The Economy Goes South 133

Globalization?s Gathering Speed 137

From Citizenship to Deregulation 144

Market Solutions for Every Problem 153

A Freer Market, A Coarser Culture 162

Chapter 4: The Retreat of Empires and the Global Advance of the Market 175

The Emergence of Human Rights 179

European Empires and Southern Africa 186

The Soviet Empire 193

The American Empire 201

The Israeli Exception 208

The Retreat of the State 214

China and the Hollowing Out of Socialism 220

Chapter 5: Resistance to the New Hyper-Individualism 227

The Environmentalist Challenge 231

Religious Resurgence at Home 247

Religious Resurgence in Israel 258

Religious Resurgence in the Muslim World 263

Jimmy Carter as a Man of His Times 270

Chapter 6: More and Less Equal since the 1970s 279

Evidence to the Contrary 280

Inclusiveness Ascending 287

Markets Persisting 295

Unrestrained Consumption 299

Inequality Rising 306

Conclusion 312

Notes 319

Index 371

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