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1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe
     

1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

by Mary Elise Sarotte
 

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ISBN-10: 0691152411

ISBN-13: 9780691152417

Pub. Date: 08/28/2011

Publisher: Princeton University Press

"Mary Sarotte's 1989 reinterprets, in a striking manner, the end of the Cold War in Europe. Based on extensive multiarchival research, it suggests a Bismarckian preeminence for West German chancellor Helmut Kohl in driving the course of events. All students of this subject will henceforth have to grapple with this provocatively persuasive

Overview

"Mary Sarotte's 1989 reinterprets, in a striking manner, the end of the Cold War in Europe. Based on extensive multiarchival research, it suggests a Bismarckian preeminence for West German chancellor Helmut Kohl in driving the course of events. All students of this subject will henceforth have to grapple with this provocatively persuasive argument."—John Lewis Gaddis, Yale University, author of The Cold War

"Sarotte makes an essential contribution to the literature on the revolutions of 1989. Her focus is on Europe and Germany, East and West, in the context of the international system. The research is stunning, including new archival sources and revealing interviews with the historical figures involved. Her narrative is fast-paced—like the events themselves—and highly readable. Scholars, students, and the informed public at large will enjoy and learn a lot from this impressive book."—Norman M. Naimark, Stanford University, author of Fires of Hatred

"The first international history of the diplomacy that produced the miracle of German reunification, this will be the starting point for all research on the international history of reunification from now on."—O. A. Westad, London School of Economics and Political Science, author of The Global Cold War

"Challenging conventional wisdom, Mary Sarotte questions why the West opted to extend existing Euro-Atlantic structures east in the wake of German unification, instead of creating a new system that would have included Moscow. Based on new archival material and extensive interviews with participants in these events, she argues convincingly that the United States and its partners missed a one-time opportunity to devise a post-Cold War architecture that would have made Europe more secure."—Angela Stent, Georgetown University, author of Russia and Germany Reborn

"Sarotte has written a major book about one of the most important events at the end of the Cold War—the international negotiations which culminated in the unification of Germany. Notably, she has managed to get access to primary sources that would be the dream of any historian. She vividly describes the efforts of powerful individuals to create order out of fast-moving and chaotic circumstances. This is a terrific book."—A. James McAdams, University of Notre Dame, author of Germany Divided

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691152417
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/28/2011
Series:
Princeton Studies in International History and Politics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
5.70(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix
Preface: A Brief Note on Scholarship and Sources xi
Abbreviations xvi
Introduction: Creating Post-Cold War Europe: 1989 and the Architecture of Order 1

Chapter 1: What Changes in Summer and Autumn 1989? 11
Tiananmen Fails to Transfer 16
The Americans Step Back 22
The Status Quo Ceases to Convince 25
East German Self-Confidence Rises 28
Television Transforms Reality 38

Chapter 2: Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989 48
On the Night of November 9 50
What Next? 62
The Four (Occupying?) Powers 65
Candy, Fruit, and Sex 68
The Portugalov Push 70
Specters Revive 76
The Restoration and Revival Models Fall Apart 81

Chapter 3: Heroic Aspirations in 1990 88
The Round Table 92
Counterrevolution? 95
The Consequences of the Brush with a Stage of Terror 99
Emerging Controversy over Reparations and NATO 103
"NATO's Jurisdiction Would Not Shift One Inch Eastward" 107
Property Pluralism 115

Chapter 4: Prefab Prevails 119
The Security Solution: Two lus Four Equals NATO 120
The Political Solution: Article 23 129
The Economic Solution: Monetary Union 132
The Election Campaign and the Ways of the Ward Heeler 135
The Results of March 18 142
Reassuring European Neighbors 145

Chapter 5: Securing Building Permits 150
The First Carrot: Money 152
The Washington Summit 160
The Second Carrot: NATO Reform 169
Breakthrough in Russia 177
Pay Any Price 186

Conclusion: The Legacy of 1989 and 1990 195
Counterfactuals 196
Consequences 201

Afterword to the New Edition - Revisiting 1989-1990 and the Origins of NATO Expansion 215
Introduction: Fading Memories 215
Bearing Unwelcome Tidings 216
Genscher's Thinking on NATO Expansion to Eastern Europe in 1990 219
The Split Between Bush and Baker 221
Kohl and Gorbachev 223
The Consequences of Camp David 226
Conclusion: The Persistence of Preferred Memories 228

Acknowledgments 230
Notes 235
Bibliography 307
Index 337

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