1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

by Mary Elise Sarotte
     
 

"Mary Sarotte's 1989 reinterprets, in a striking manner, the end of the Cold War in Europe. Based on extensive multiarchival research, it suggests a Bismarckian preeminence for West German chancellor Helmut Kohl in driving the course of events. All students of this subject will henceforth have to grapple with this provocatively persuasive

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Overview

"Mary Sarotte's 1989 reinterprets, in a striking manner, the end of the Cold War in Europe. Based on extensive multiarchival research, it suggests a Bismarckian preeminence for West German chancellor Helmut Kohl in driving the course of events. All students of this subject will henceforth have to grapple with this provocatively persuasive argument."—John Lewis Gaddis, Yale University, author of The Cold War

"Sarotte makes an essential contribution to the literature on the revolutions of 1989. Her focus is on Europe and Germany, East and West, in the context of the international system. The research is stunning, including new archival sources and revealing interviews with the historical figures involved. Her narrative is fast-paced—like the events themselves—and highly readable. Scholars, students, and the informed public at large will enjoy and learn a lot from this impressive book."—Norman M. Naimark, Stanford University, author of Fires of Hatred

"The first international history of the diplomacy that produced the miracle of German reunification, this will be the starting point for all research on the international history of reunification from now on."—O. A. Westad, London School of Economics and Political Science, author of The Global Cold War

"Challenging conventional wisdom, Mary Sarotte questions why the West opted to extend existing Euro-Atlantic structures east in the wake of German unification, instead of creating a new system that would have included Moscow. Based on new archival material and extensive interviews with participants in these events, she argues convincingly that the United States and its partners missed a one-time opportunity to devise a post-Cold War architecture that would have made Europe more secure."—Angela Stent, Georgetown University, author of Russia and Germany Reborn

"Sarotte has written a major book about one of the most important events at the end of the Cold War—the international negotiations which culminated in the unification of Germany. Notably, she has managed to get access to primary sources that would be the dream of any historian. She vividly describes the efforts of powerful individuals to create order out of fast-moving and chaotic circumstances. This is a terrific book."—A. James McAdams, University of Notre Dame, author of Germany Divided

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691143064
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
09/14/2009
Series:
Princeton Studies in International History and Politics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

Mary Elise Sarotte is Visiting Professor of Government and History at Harvard University and Dean's Professor of History at the University of Southern California. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the author of The Collapse: The Accidental Opening of the Berlin Wall.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface: A Brief Note on Scholarship and Sources xi

Abbreviations xvi

Introduction: Creating Post-Cold War Europe: 1989 and the Architecture of Order 1

Chapter 1: What Changes in Summer and Autumn 1989? 11

Tiananmen Fails to Transfer 16

The Americans Step Back 22

The Status Quo Ceases to Convince 25

East German Self-Confidence Rises 28

Television Transforms Reality 38

Chapter 2: Restoring Four-Power Rights, Reviving a Confederation in 1989 48

On the Night of November 9 50

What Next? 62

The Four (Occupying?) Powers 65

Candy, Fruit, and Sex 68

The Portugalov Push 70

Specters Revive 76

The Restoration and Revival Models Fall Apart 81

Chapter 3: Heroic Aspirations in 1990 88

The Round Table 92

Counterrevolution? 95

The Consequences of the Brush with a Stage of Terror 99

Emerging Controversy over Reparations and NATO 103

"NATO's Jurisdiction Would Not Shift One Inch Eastward" 107

Property Pluralism 115

Chapter 4: Prefab Prevails 119

The Security Solution: Two lus Four Equals NATO 120

The Political Solution: Article 23 129

The Economic Solution: Monetary Union 132

The Election Campaign and the Ways of the Ward Heeler 135

The Results of March 18 142

Reassuring European Neighbors 145

Chapter 5: Securing Building Permits 150

The First Carrot: Money 152

The Washington Summit 160

The Second Carrot: NATO Reform 169

Breakthrough in Russia 177

Pay Any Price 186

Conclusion: The Legacy of 1989 and 1990 195

Counterfactuals 196

Consequences 201

Afterword to the New Edition - Revisiting 1989-1990 and the Origins of NATO Expansion 215

Introduction: Fading Memories 215

Bearing Unwelcome Tidings 216

Genscher's Thinking on NATO Expansion to Eastern Europe in 1990 219

The Split Between Bush and Baker 221

Kohl and Gorbachev 223

The Consequences of Camp David 226

Conclusion: The Persistence of Preferred Memories 228

Acknowledgments 230

Notes 235

Bibliography 307

Index 337

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