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1,999 Facts about Blacks: A Sourcebook of African-American Achievement / Edition 2

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Overview

Black History Month is a year-round affair!

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781568330815
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/28/1996
  • Edition description: 2nd Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 228
  • Product dimensions: 5.96 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Read an Excerpt

1,999 Facts About Blacks

A Sourcebook of African-American Achievement


By Raymond M. Corbin

Madison Books

Copyright © 1997 Raymond M. Corbin
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-1-56833-081-5



CHAPTER 1

History


1. Who was the first African-American press secretary for a First Lady in 1989?

2. By November 1992 the National Brotherhood of Skiers had 14,000 members in how many states?

3. What was the first item ever patented by an African-American inventor?

4. In 1974 she became the first black woman named a White House Fellow.

5. In what state was the National Bar Association orgainized by twelve African-American lawyers?

6. He is considered the first to die in the Boston Massacre of 1770.

7. He was Chicago's first wholesaler, first merchant prince, and its first settler.

8. Who, in 1834, was the first African-American to receive a U.S. patent?

9. Which state became the first to abolish slavery in 1777?

10. Who founded the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company?

11. Between 1872 and 1920 he received over 57 patents for automatic lubricating appliances.

12. What was the name of the newspaper published by Frederick Douglass?

13. He performed a successful Siamese twin operation at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1987.

14. What does CORE stand for?

15. In what year did the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute open?

16. He was the first black awarded the Nobel Peace prize.

17. She would not move to the back of the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955.

18. Who was the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference?

19. Who was called "the Black Edison?"

20. In 1988 this reporter and author was the first black to deliver a commencement address at the University of Georgia.

21. Which city was the first to pass laws against racial or religious discrimination in housing in 1957?

22. In 1992 she became the first African-American woman to be appointed Secretary of Energy.

23. This leader of the Nation of Islam called for the creation of a black state in the United States in 1960.

24. In 1992 she became the highest-ranking woman in the U.S. Marine Corps.

25. Who founded the Organization for Afro-American Unity in 1964?

26. What is the largest denomination among African-American churches in the United States?

27. Who became the first African-American woman to command a U.S. Navy ship in 1989?

28. He launched the Black Power movement in 1966.

29. Huey Newton and this man founded the Black Panther Party in 1966.

30. Who was the first black lieutenant governor of Colorado, elected in 1974?

31. He became the first black Supreme Court justice in 1967.

32. This free black inventor became one of the richest men in Philadelphia and helped finance William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator.

33. Who was the first black astronaut?

34. He became the first black mayor of a major U.S. city in 1967.

35. He became the first black Secretary of the Army in 1977.

36. He resigned as the United Nations Ambassador after an unauthorized meeting with representatives of the Palestinian Liberation Organization in 1979.

37. Who was the first African-American to head an embassy in Europe?

38. In 1920 he became the first black executive secretary of the NAACP.

39. Who was elected the first black director of the American Library Association in 1972?

40. He was the first black governor of the Federal Reserve Board in 1966.

41. Who was the first African American to co-chair a national political convention?

42. She was the first African-American keynote speaker of a national political convention.

43. He became the first black physician in 1783.

44. He was the first black to graduate from a U.S. medical college.

45. This leader of the Tuskegee Methodist Church initiated the founding of Tuskegee Institute.

46. He became the first black to get his Ph.D. from Harvard for a dissertation on the African slave trade in the United States.

47. In what year was the United Negro College Fund established?

48. This black mathematician and astronomer published ten almanacs between 1792 and 1802.

49. Which black writer did Winston Churchhill quote with the words, "If we must die—let it be not like hogs ..." in his famous World War II speech?

50. Alice Dunnigan, the first black woman correspondent for the White House, covered the campaign of what president?

51. In 1991 he became the 106th Supreme Court Justice.

52. In what year did Yale University decide to offer a B.A. in Afro-American studies?

53. What is the oldest African-American periodical, which celebrated its centennial in 1984?

54. In Jackson, Mississippi, a federal building was named after this dental surgeon, businessman, and former head of the NAACP.

55. The Birmingham, Alabama, Rotary Club admitted its first African-American member in what year?

56. What post did Samuel Pierce hold in 1984, when he was the highest-ranked minority member of President Ronald Reagan's cabinet?

57. She became the first African American to be crowned Miss USA in 1990.

58. This newspaper publisher and Spingarn Medalist was the first black American to chair the Board of Trustees at Morgan State University.

59. During the Carter Administration, she became the first black woman Secretary of HUD.

60. Which president appointed Andrew Young ambassador to the United Nations?

61. This minister from Philadelphia was elected House Budget Committee chairman in 1986.

62. Having attended Colgate and Columbia Universities and served as a Baptist minister in Harlem, he started his tenure in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1944.

63. The author of Notes of a Processed Brother, he helped establish a bill of rights in 1969–70 for New York City public high school students.

64. A scientist and brother of Howard University President Emeritus James Nabrit, he became the first black to receive a Ph.D. from Brown University in 1932.

65. In addition to owning and editing the California Eagle, a Los Angeles newspaper, she was the U.S. vice-presidential candidate for the Progressive Party in 1948.

66. What U.S. congresswoman attempted to win the Democratic Party presidential nomination in 1972?

67. Theodore Berry was elected mayor of this city in 1972.

68. In 1965 it became the first state to pass a racial imbalance law, which defined schools having 50 percent nonwhites as racially imbalanced.

69. What was the first organization to set as its goal the formation of a separate nation for blacks in the United States?

70. What black congressman successfully fought for the commemoration of African-American women in a series of postage stamps?

71. Issued by the African Methodist Episcopal Church, it is the oldest black church periodical existing today.

72. What black sorority, established at Howard University in 1908, has chapters in 46 states and publishes Ivy Leaf Magazine?

73. Founded at Cornell in 1906, it is the oldest black fraternity in the nation.

74. This fraternal order consists of Nobles and Daughters of Isis, and focuses its charitable efforts on combating drug abuse and diseases that strike blacks.

75. Consisting of the blacks in the U.S. House of Representatives, this organization was founded in 1970.

76. At what college was Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., founded in 1913?

77. What major U.S. organization runs the ACT-SO Program (Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics), which awards scholarships to blacks?

78. In what New York City museum does the National Coalition of 100 Black Women hold its annual awards ceremony?

79. What organization publishes The State of Black America each year?

80. Which European nation was the first to stop trading African slaves to the United States in 1794?

81. The former director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, he was appointed special assistant on Urban Affairs to Governor Nelson Rockefeller.

82. He was 65 when he became the first black injured in the Civil War.

83. Who was the first black woman principal of a New York City public school?

84. What New York paper did Timothy Thomas Fortune found in 1883?

85. An editor of the Memphis Free Speech, she crusaded against lynching in the South around the turn of the century.

86. What distinguished educational administrator earned a Ph.D. from the Sorbonne in 1922 at the age of 66, and lived to be 105 years old?

87. Dorothy B. Ferebee succeeded Mary McLeod Bethune as president of this organization.

88. Author of The Negro Woman's College Education, she was named "one of the 100 most influential Negroes of the Emancipation Centennial Year" by Ebony magazine in 1963.

89. The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the desegregation of what state's prisons in 1968?

90. In what year was the National Association of Black Journalists organized?

91. Who succeeded Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference?

92. An executive with the United Church of Christ, he was one of the "Wilmington Ten," civil rights activists sentenced to 282 years in prison in 1972.

93. A U.S. district judge, he became Yale University's first African-American trustee in 1970.

94. In Washington, D.C., in 1970, he became the first black superintendent of schools in a major American city.

95. What is the formal name of the Black Muslims?

96. In what city was the major black newspaper, Afro-American, founded in 1892?

97. An attorney and Baptist minister, he was the first African American to serve on the Federal Communications Commission.

98. Who became the first black director of the American Library Association in 1972?

99. Assigned to Europe in 1972, this major general was the first black to command a U.S. Army division.

100. Whose 1972 promotion to major general made him the highest-ranking black officer in the U.S. Air Force?

101. In 1972 the Department of Housing and Urban Development guaranteed $14 million in land development bonds to this new town in North Carolina; it was the first such program sponsored by an African American.

102. In what year did the Order of the Elks admit blacks?

103. Started in 1973, it was the first black-owned and operated radio news network.

104. What civil rights activist was also the research chemist who isolated soya protein and held over 130 chemical patents?

105. The first private black medical college in the United States, it celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1976.

106. What African-American educator, who is also a historian, psychologist, and scientist, cofounded an annual conference on infusing African and African-American content into traditional school curriculum?

107. What is the name of the slave who was the first to explore much of Arizona and New Mexico?

108. A trader who once was chief of the Crow Indians, he discovered Pueblo, Colorado, as well as a Sierra Nevada pass in California, which was named for him.

109. A plaque in Annapolis, Maryland, honors this black who took part in Admiral Robert E. Peary's expedition to the North Pole.

110. Elected mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, in 1973, he became the first black mayor of a major southeastern city.

111. He was considered the "recognized colored Republican leader" of New York City in the early twentieth century.

112. This church is the oldest African-American church in the North and was the largest U.S. Protestant church as well as a significant force in Harlem's history.

113. This Puerto Rican of African descent built one of the most important libraries devoted to African Americans.

114. This politician became the first African American to be elected to the city council of New York.

115. A professor of philosophy at Howard University, he published The New Negro in 1925.

116. What was the new name given to the literary magazine Negro Digest after Hoyt Fuller revitalized it in 1970?

117. Liberated from slavery by Union soldiers in 1865, this poet from North Carolina published in the Liberator, the North Star, and the Pennsylvania Gazette.

118. Who was the first black real estate broker?

119. What was the first black college, established in 1837?

120. Having become the first black to command a U.S. Navy ship in 1966, he was appointed the first black admiral in the U.S. Navy in 1971.

121. She became the first black woman to graduate from a U.S. college when she received her degree from Oberlin College in 1862.

122. The first black to attend the University of North Carolina Law School, he was national chairman of CORE in 1963.

123. Who was the first black woman general, appointed on Sept. 1, 1979?

124. In 1966 she became the first black woman admitted to the Mississippi bar.

125. She was the first black woman to be elected president of the Girl Scouts of America in 1975.

126. Who was the first president of the Freedmen's Bank?

127. What U.S. Army sergeant developed an airframe center support, making greater rocket payloads possible by reducing deadweight?

128. Who was the first black president of the National Organization for Women?

129. She sat in the Chair of the Organization of Afro-American Unity in 1965 after the death of her brother, Malcolm X.

130. Who became the first woman Black Panther Party head in 1975?

131. What was the first black organization with a business orientation?

132. Who led a revolt of 1,000 slaves in Richmond, Virginia, in 1800?

133. William Lloyd Garrison started this abolitionist newspaper in Boston in 1831.

134. In 1899 this dentist patented the first modern golf tee.

135. Who organized the Universal Negro Improvement Association?

136. What was the first all-black religious denomination in the United States?

137. His wooden clock was probably the first of its kind to be built in the United States.

138. His antislavery pamphlet, Appeal, incited white southerners to offer a reward for his capture in 1829.

139. He organized the Alabama Penny Savings Bank of Birmingham in 1890.

140. Where was the first black college founded?

141. With five blacks and seventeen whites, he led the attack on the United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, to overthrow the slave powers.

142. Who was the first African American to practice law before the Supreme Court?

143. In what year was the first Fourteenth Amendment, which guaranteed citizenship to blacks, adopted?

144. Who founded the National Association of Colored Women?

145. In what year did the first Pan-African Congress meet?

146. This black-owned hotel was the leading hotel in Athens, Ohio, valued at $50,000 in 1883.

147. Established in 1893, it was the oldest industrial insurance company operated by blacks.

148. This black contractor invented a unique asphalt paving machine known as the Muller Paver.

149. Which black university was the first to receive a chapter of Phi Beta Kappa?

150. What African-American youth was brutally slain in Mississippi in 1955 for whistling at a white woman?

151. What 1964 act was responsible for such programs as Upward Bound, Head Start, and college work-study?

152. Who has been credited with drafting Alexander Graham Bell's telephone patents?

153. In what city was the Black Panther Party founded?

154. He discovered the method of preserving blood plasma, and organized the first blood bank during World War II.

155. In what year was the Fair Housing Act signed?

156. Which black inventor has been issued the greatest number of U.S. patents?

157. How many black ambassadors did President Lyndon B. Johnson appoint?

158. When were black children first enrolled in all-white Mississippi public schools?

159. How many people were killed in the raid on Attica Prison?

160. When was the National Black Feminist Organization founded?

161. In what year did the Watts Riots occur?

162. In 1884 he patented a machine that made paper bags.

163. Along with Margaret Sloan, she founded the National Black Feminist Organization.

164. What organization's slogan is "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Waste?"

165. Where is the birthplace of civil rights leader Medgar Evers?

166. Who is the first woman to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1973?

167. Once believed to be the country's richest man, he launched the Booker T. Washington Insurance Company

168. In what U.S. city can you find Scott Joplin's house?

169. Who is the founder of the nation's first and largest minority-owned insurance brokerage firm?

170. This woman cofounded the Alliance for Minority Opportunities.


(Continues...)

Excerpted from 1,999 Facts About Blacks by Raymond M. Corbin. Copyright © 1997 Raymond M. Corbin. Excerpted by permission of Madison Books.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Table of Contents

Contents

List of Abbreviations,
Introduction,
History,
Art and Literature,
Sports,
Entertainment,
Bibliography,
Index,

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