50 Studies Every Doctor Should Know: The Key Studies that Form the Foundation of Evidence Based Medicine [NOOK Book]

Overview

50 Studies Every Doctor Should Know presents key studies that have shaped the practice of medicine. Selected using a rigorous methodology, the studies cover topics ranging from dieting to cardiovascular disease, insomnia to obstetrics. For each study, a concise summary is presented with an emphasis on the results and limitations of the study, and its implications for practice. Brief information on other relevant studies is provided, and an illustrative clinical case concludes each review. A section of review ...
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50 Studies Every Doctor Should Know: The Key Studies that Form the Foundation of Evidence Based Medicine

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Overview

50 Studies Every Doctor Should Know presents key studies that have shaped the practice of medicine. Selected using a rigorous methodology, the studies cover topics ranging from dieting to cardiovascular disease, insomnia to obstetrics. For each study, a concise summary is presented with an emphasis on the results and limitations of the study, and its implications for practice. Brief information on other relevant studies is provided, and an illustrative clinical case concludes each review. A section of review questions and answers is included at the back of the book to ensure that readers take away the key messages from each study. This book is a must-read for health care professionals and anyone who wants to learn more about the data behind clinical practice.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Voted the February Book of the Month by the Informed Medical Decisions Foundation

"This is a highly valuable starting point for medical students and those in residency training, but the book is also useful for anyone interested in evidence-based medical practice and for policymakers who need a starting point to understand current medical decision-making. ... What makes this book extraordinary are the summaries of the studies followed by the implications for medical practice. This is a most important summarization for every clinician in practice..." 5 Stars --Vincent F Carr, DO, MSA, FACC, FACP (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences), Doody's Health Sciences Book Review

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Vincent F Carr, DO, MSA, FACC, FACP (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences)
Description: This book analyzes 50 of the critical studies that have become the basis for every clinician's practice of medicine.
Purpose: The author details his experience as a medical student in attempting to find and understand the important medical studies. This book outlines the studies and enables readers to build on these through their review of newer relevant studies.
Audience: This is a highly valuable starting point for medical students and those in residency training, but the book is also useful for anyone interested in evidence-based medical practice and for policymakers who need a starting point to understand current medical decision-making.
Features: The book is divided into sections on preventive medicine, internal medicine, surgery, etc., and then chapters based on individual studies. Each chapter outlines the research question, the funding source, dates of the study, sample characteristics, and most importantly, the results of the study and implications for clinical translation.
Assessment: What makes this book extraordinary are the summaries of the studies followed by the implications for medical practice. This is a most important summarization for every clinician in practice and, hopefully, the author will follow up with updated editions in the future.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Medical Director for Innovation, AltaMed Health Services and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholar, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles.

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Table of Contents

Section 1: Preventive Medicine

1. Preventing Diabetes: The Diabetes Prevention Program

2. A Comparison of Different Dieting Strategies

3. Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: The Physicians' Health Study and the Women's Health Study

4. Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy: The Women's Health Initiative

5. The European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC)

6. The Cochrane Review of Screening Mammography

7. The Human Papillomavirus Vaccine: The Future II Trial

Section 2: Internal Medicine

8. Arrhythmia Suppression Following Myocardial Infarction: The CAST Trial

9. Choosing First-Line Therapy for Hypertension: The ALLHAT Trial

10. Statins in Healthy Patients with an Elevated C-Reactive Protein: The JUPITER Trial

11. Rate vs. Rhythm Control for Atrial Fibrillation: The AFFIRM Trial

12. Lenient vs. Strict Heart Rate Control for Atrial Fibrillation: The RACE II Trial

13. Beta-Blockers for Systolic Heart Failure: The MERIT-HF Trial

14. Initial Treatment of Stable Coronary Artery Disease: The COURAGE Trial

15. Treating Elevated Blood Sugar Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS)

16. Intensive vs. Conservative Blood Sugar Control for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORD Trial

17. The African American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT)

18. Early vs. Delayed Antiretroviral Therapy for Patients with HIV: The NA-ACCORD Study

19. Early vs. Late Initiation of Dialysis: The IDEAL Trial

20. Early Goal-Directed Therapy in Sepsis

21. Red Cell Transfusion in Critically Ill Patients: The TRICC Trial

22. Pulmonary Artery Catheters in Critically Ill Patients

23. Step-Up vs. Step-Down Therapy for Dyspepsia: The DIAMOND Trial

24. Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain

Section 3: Surgery

25. Perioperative Beta-Blockers in Non-Cardiac Surgery: The POISE Trial

26. Cardiac Stents vs. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Severe Coronary Artery Disease: The SYNTAX Trial

27. Carotid Endarterectomy for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis: The ACST Trial

28. A Trial of Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

29. Surgery vs. Rehabilitation for Chronic Low Back Pain: The MRC Spine Stabilization Trial

30. Mastectomy vs. Lumpectomy for Invasive Breast Cancer: The B-06 Trial

31. Long Term Impact of Bariatric Surgery: The Swedish Obese Subjects Study

Section 4: Obstetrics

32. The Canadian Multicenter Post-term Pregnancy Trial (CMPPT)

33. Antepartum Glucocorticoids in Premature Labor

Section 5: Pediatrics

34. Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Children

35. A Trial of Early Ear Tube Placement in Children

36. Inhaled Corticosteroids for Mild Persistent Asthma: The START Trial

37. The Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (MTA)

38. Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccination and Autism

Section 6: Radiology

39. Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Low Back Pain

40. Screening for Coronary Artery Disease in Asymptomatic Patients with
Diabetes: The DIAD Study

41. Diagnosing Acute Pulmonary Embolism: The Christopher Study

42. Identifying Children with Low-Risk Head Injuries Who Do Not Require
Computed Tomography

Section 7: Neurology and Psychiatry

43. Thrombolysis 3 to 4.5 Hours After an Acute Ischemic Stroke: The ECASS III
Trial

44. Initial Treatment of Depression

45. Behavioral vs. Pharmacological Treatment for Insomnia in the Elderly

Section 8: Systems Based Practice

46. The Group Health Medical Home Demonstration

47. A Program to Improve Care Coordination at Hospital Discharge: Project RED

48. Reducing Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections in the Intensive Care Unit: The Keystone ICU Project

49. Early Palliative Care in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

50. Directly Observed Therapy for the Treatment of Tuberculosis in Baltimore

Section 9: Study Questions and Answers

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