A Brief History of Japanese Civilization / Edition 2

A Brief History of Japanese Civilization / Edition 2

2.0 1
by Conrad Schirokauer, Suzanne Gay, David Lurie
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0618915222

ISBN-13: 9780618915224

Pub. Date: 12/18/2006

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Written by experts Conrad Schirokauer, David Lurie, and Suzanne Gay, this full-color concise text offers a balanced look at the history of Japan that highlights developments in society, art, religion, literature, and philosophy while also including vital information about key economic and political events. With dynamic, thoughtful accounts of both the internal and

Overview

Written by experts Conrad Schirokauer, David Lurie, and Suzanne Gay, this full-color concise text offers a balanced look at the history of Japan that highlights developments in society, art, religion, literature, and philosophy while also including vital information about key economic and political events. With dynamic, thoughtful accounts of both the internal and external influences that change societies, this text provides complete coverage of Japanese history from its beginnings to the present. Clear, consistent, and highly readable, the Second Edition of A Brief History of Japanese Civilization will capture your imagination!

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780618915224
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
12/18/2006
Edition description:
Student
Pages:
332
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacex
Acknowledgmentsxiii
About the Authorsxiv
Part 1Beginnings and Foundations1
Chapter 1The Prehistory of the Japanese Archipelago2
Geography3
Paleolithic Culture6
Jomon Culture6
Yayoi Culture9
Political and Social Developments11
The Tomb Period12
The Yamato Kings15
Chapter 2The Early State: Chinese and Korean Influences18
IChinese and Korean Backgrounds19
Overview20
Buddhism22
Buddhism and the State25
IIThe Emergence of the Early Japanese State26
The Late Tomb Period27
The Seventh-Century Transition (the Asuka Period)28
The Rise of the Soga28
The 645 Coup d'Etat29
The Defeat of 66330
The Brief Civil War of 67230
Nara as a Center and Symbol33
Nara as a Religious Center34
Documents and Structures36
Writing and Literature38
The Visual Arts40
The End of the Nara Period45
Part 2Aristocrats, Monks, and Samurai47
Chapter 3The Heian Period48
The Fujiwara50
The Estates51
Government and Administration52
The Warriors54
Rule by Retired Emperors55
Heian Buddhism: Tendai56
Esoteric Buddhism: Shingon57
Pietism59
A World Permeated by Religion60
Literature61
Life of the Heian Aristocracy66
The Visual Arts68
Painting73
The Phoenix Pavilion75
Chapter 4The Kamakura Period in Japan78
Triumph and Fall of the Taira (1156-1185)79
Establishment of the Bakufu80
Local Governance82
The Hojo Regents83
The Mongol Invasion and Its Aftermath84
The Warrior and His Ideals86
Religion: The Pure Land Sect86
Nichiren88
Zen89
Kami Worship90
Religious Art91
Literature96
Chapter 5Muromachi Japan100
The Kenmu Restoration (1333-1336)101
The Establishment of the Ashikaga Shogunate (1336-1368)102
Japanese and Continental Culture103
Government and Politics104
Yoshimitsu and His Age106
The No Drama107
Political Decline and Cultural Brilliance109
Poetry and Painting112
Economic Growth115
War and the Rise of the Daimyo117
Part 3Early Modern/Late Traditional Japan121
Chapter 6The Formation of a New Order122
IConsolidation (1573-1600)123
Consolidation (1573-1600)123
Oda Nobunaga124
Toyotomi Hideyoshi125
The Invasion of Korea126
Grand Castles and the Arts127
IIJapan and Europe: First Encounters (1543-1630)131
The Portuguese in East Asia131
The Jesuits in Japan: Initial Success133
Persecution and Closure to the West137
Chapter 7Tokugawa Shogunate142
Founding and Consolidation143
Bakufu-Han Relations146
Economic and Social Change147
Classes and Values150
The Aesthetic Culture of the Aristocracy151
Genroku Urban Culture153
The Print153
Theater and Literature155
Intellectual Currents: Confucianism158
Historiography and Nativism160
Dutch Learning161
Reform and Its Limits162
Art and Literature After the Genroku Period163
Part 4Japan and the Modern World167
Chapter 8Endings and Beginnings: From Tokugawa to Meiji, 1787-1873168
ILate Tokugawa169
The Bakufu (1787-1841)169
Economy and Society170
Reforms171
Intellectual Currents173
The "Opening" of Japan175
Domestic Politics178
Sonno Joi179
Mixed Responses to the West180
Last Years of the Shogunate (1860-1867)180
IIThe Meiji Restoration183
Formation of a New Government: The Meiji Restoration183
The Charter Oath184
Dismantling the Old Order185
Disaffection and Opposition186
The Crisis of 1873187
The Meaning of the Restoration188
Chapter 9The Emergence of Modern Japan: 1874-1894192
Political Developments194
Formation of Parties195
The Emperor and the Constitution197
Western Influences on Values and Ideas199
"Civilization and Enlightenment"199
Social Darwinism201
The Arts202
Conservatism and Nationalism203
Education205
Modernizing the Economy207
The Zaibatsu208
The Military210
Korea and the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895211
The Treaty of Shimonoseki (April 1895)213
Chapter 10Imperial Japan: 1895-1931216
ILate Meiji (1895-1912)217
Foreign Policy and Empire Building217
Economic and Social Developments220
Politics221
Literature and the Arts223
IIThe Taisho Period (1912-1926) and the 1920s227
The Taisho Political Crisis (1912-1913)227
Japan during World War I228
Politics and Policies (1918-1924)229
Party Government (1924-1931)231
Popular Culture233
Fine Arts234
Mingei235
Literature236
Intellectual Trends237
Chapter 11Militarism and War240
The Manchurian Incident and Its Consequences241
Japanese Politics and the Road to War243
War with China245
Expansion of the War into a Pacific War247
The Course of the War250
Japan at War251
Colonial East Asia during the War252
The End of the War253
Chapter 12The New Japan258
IThe Occupation (1945-1952)260
Means and Ends260
Social Policies262
Economic Policy263
The Korean War265
The End of the Occupation266
IIThe New Japan (1952-1989)267
Economic Growth and Political Stability268
The Economy268
Government and Politics271
The 1970s and 1980s273
Society, Thought, and the Arts275
Social Change and Quality of Life275
Film280
Intellectual Life and Literature281
The Visual Arts283
IIIFrom 1989 into the New Century287
Afterword294
AppendixSuggestions for Further Study298
Photo Credits311
Text Credits313
Index315

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