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A Companion to the American Revolution


A Companion to the American Revolution is an indispensable reference for anyone interested in American political, social, and cultural history. Ninety articles by key historians cover all aspects of the Revolution, providing a detailed chronology of events and analyzing the internal character and consequences of the Revolution both in detail and in depth. Tracing the war's far-reaching repercussions from the Caribbean to Russia, the editors view it as a major event in world history and provide an international ...
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A Companion to the American Revolution is an indispensable reference for anyone interested in American political, social, and cultural history. Ninety articles by key historians cover all aspects of the Revolution, providing a detailed chronology of events and analyzing the internal character and consequences of the Revolution both in detail and in depth. Tracing the war's far-reaching repercussions from the Caribbean to Russia, the editors view it as a major event in world history and provide an international perspective on the periods before, during, and after the conflict. Moreover, the Companion provides a unique, cross-cultural picture of revolutionary America, with essays covering the arts, literature, music, religion, and language; contributors also discuss the status and experience of women and African American and Amerindian peoples of the period.
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Editorial Reviews

Hugh Brogan
In short, this is a reference work to treasure...With such editors and contributors (eighty men and women of expertise), the level of accuracy, information and sophistication could not be higher...handsomely printed...
Times Literary Supplement
From the Publisher
"Professors Greene and Pole have succeeded in gathering a star-studded cast of scholars to interpret and analyze the American Revolution. General readers as well as teachers will find this volume of inestimable value." Joyce Appleby, University of California at Los Angeles

"This immensely helpful guide will be useful for seasoned students of the revolution as well as beginners. Brief bibliographies give quick access to the best current work; the essays provide relevant factual material; and the reader gets the informed judgment of an expert." Richard Lyman Bushman, Columbia University

"The cumulative effect of the contributions is to leave the reader with no doubt of the importance of the American Revolution, not just to the history of the United States and North America, but to the whole Atlantic world and beyond." History

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Jack P. Greene is Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities at Johns Hopkins University and the author and editor of many books and articles on early modern colonial British America and the American Revolution. Among his recent books are Imperatives, Behaviors, and Identities: Essays in Early American Cultural History (1992), Negotiated Authorities: Essays in Colonial Political and Constitutional History (1994), Understanding the American Revolution: Issues and Actors (1995), and Interpreting Early America: Historiographical Essays (1996).

J. R. Pole is Rhodes Professor Emeritus of American History and Institutions, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, and a Fellow of the British Academy. His books include Political Representation in England and the Origins of the American Republic (1966), The Pursuit of Equality in American History (1978, second edition 1993), Paths to the American Past (1979), The Gift of Government: Political Responsibility from the English Restoration to American Independence (1983), and The American Constitution: For and Against (ed., 1987).

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Table of Contents

List of maps and map acknowledgements
List of contributors
Pt. I Context 1
1 The structure of British politics in the mid-eighteenth century 3
2 Metropolitan administration of the colonies, 1696-1775 8
3 Intra-imperial communications, 1689-1775 14
4 The changing socio-economic and strategic importance of the colonies to the empire 19
5 The political development of the colonies after the Glorious Revolution 29
6 Population and family in early America 39
7 Socio-economic development of the colonies 51
8 Religion before the Revolution 60
9 The cultural development of the colonies 65
10 The emergence of civic culture in the colonies to about 1770 82
11 Ideological background 88
12 The Amerindian population in 1763 94
Pt. II Themes and Events, to 1776 99
13 The origins of the new colonial policy, 1748-1763 101
14 The Seven Years' War and its political legacy 112
15 The Grenville program, 1763-1765 118
16 The Stamp Act crisis and its repercussions, including the Quartering Art controversy 123
17 The Townshend Acts crisis, 1767-1770 134
18 The British Army in America, before 1775 151
19 The West and the Amerindians, 1756-1776 157
20 Trade legislation and its enforcement, 1748-1776 165
21 Ongoing disputes over the prerogative, 1763-1776 173
22 Bishops and other ecclesiastical issues, to 1776 179
23 Social protest and the revolutionary movement, 1765-1776 184
24 The tea crisis and its consequences, through 1775 195
25 The crisis of Independence 206
26 Development of revolutionary organization, 1765-1775 216
27 Political mobilization, 1765-1776 222
28 Identity and Independence 230
29 Loyalism and neutrality 235
30 Opposition in Britain 248
31 Common Sense 254
32 The Declaration of Independence 258
Pt. III Themes and Events, from 1776 263
33 Bills of rights and the first ten amendments to the Constitution 265
34 State constitution-making, through 1781 269
35 The Articles of Confederation, 1775-1783 281
36 The War for Independence, to Saratoga 287
37 The War for Independence, after Saratoga 298
38 The Continental Army 308
39 Militia, guerrilla warfare, tactics, and weaponry 314
40 Naval operations during the War for Independence 320
41 The First United States Navy 326
42 The home front during the War for Independence: the effect of labor shortages on commercial production in the Mid-Atlantic 332
43 Resistance to the American Revolution 342
44 Diplomacy of the Revolution, to 1783 352
45 Confederation: state governments and their problems 362
46 The West: territory, states, and confederation 374
47 Demobilization and national defense 383
48 Currency, taxation, and finance, 1775-1787 388
49 Foreign relations, after 1783 398
50 Slavery and anti-slavery 402
51 Amerindians and the new republic 413
52 The impact of the Revolution on the role, status, and experience of women 419
53 The impact of the Revolution on education 427
54 The impact of the Revolution on social problems: poverty, insanity, and crime 435
55 The impact of the Revolution on church and state 444
56 Law: continuity and reform 452
57 Confederation: movement for a stronger union 458
58 The Federal Convention and the Constitution 470
59 The debate over ratification of the Constitution 482
Pt. IV External Effects of the Revolution 495
60 Great Britain in the aftermath of the American Revolution 497
61 The American Revolution in Canada 503
62 The American Revolution and Ireland 511
63 The American Revolution and the sugar colonies, 1775-1783 515
64 The effects of the American Revolution on France and its empire 523
65 The impact of the American Revolution on Spain and Portugal and their empires 531
66 The influence of the American Revolution in the Netherlands 545
67 The influence of the American Revolution in Germany 550
68 The influence of the American Revolution in Russia 554
Pt. V Internal Developments After The Revolution 557
69 The economic and demographic consequences of the American Revolution 559
70 The religious consequences of the Revolution 579
71 The cultural effects of the Revolution 586
72 The effects of the Revolution on language 595
73 Medicine before and after the Revolution 600
74 The construction of gender in a republican world 605
75 The construction of race in republican America 610
76 The construction of social status in revolutionary America 617
Pt. VI Concepts 625
77 Liberty 627
78 Equality 633
79 Property 638
80 The rule of law 645
81 Consent 650
82 Happiness 655
83 Suffrage and representation 661
84 Republicanism 668
85 Sovereignty 674
86 Nationality and citizenship 680
87 The separation of powers 686
88 Rights 691
89 Virtue 696
90 Interests 701
Chronology 707
Index 745
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