A Creative Approach to Music Fundamentals / Edition 5

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This is the market-leading text, and the author, William Duckworth, is an internationally-known, modern composer. The most difficult part of teaching this course is the need to allow for students' differing abilities. Duckworth addresses this by covering the fundamentals in 11, concise, main chapters followed by 11 enrichment appendices that supplement this basic material for the teacher or student who wants extended coverage. Students best learn fundamentals by using fundamentals, especially in creating their own music. One step at a time, with a practical focus on developing skills, Duckworth presents clear examples of music basics. Students get immediate feedback from written and aural exercises and then creatively apply their knowledge to musical problems arising in real, musical situations.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534246969
  • Publisher: Wadsworth
  • Publication date: 8/28/1994
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 366
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction xi
Musical Talent, Musical Knowledge xi
A Theory of Music xii
Chapter 1 Rhythm 1
Pulse 2
Meter 3
Measures 4
Note Values 5
Rests 9
Dotted Notes 10
Time Signatures 10
Simple Meter 13
A Counting Method for Simple Meters 14
The Basic Beat 14
Subdivisions of the Beat 15
Compound Meter 16
A Counting Method for Compound Meters 20
Subdivisions of the Beat 20
Notational Problems 23
Triplets and Duplets 27
A Counting Method for Triplets and Duplets 28
Ties 32
Syncopation 34
Repeat Signs 34
Tempo 36
Conducting Patterns 37
Focus 42
Chapter 2 Melody 43
The Staff 45
Noteheads 45
Clefs 47
The Treble Clef 47
The Bass Clef 50
The Great Staff 53
Ledger Lines 56
The Octave Sign 59
How to Read a Musical Map 62
Focus 66
Chapter 3 The Keyboard 67
The White Keys 67
The Black Keys 71
Enharmonic Pitches 72
Accidentals 73
Focus 75
Focus on Skills I 77
Chapter 4 Major Scales 81
Intervals 81
Half Steps 82
Whole Steps 83
Scales as Interval Patterns 84
Elements of the Major Scale 86
Naming Scale Degrees 98
Ear Training 102
Focus 103
Chapter 5 Major Key Signatures 105
The Key Signature 105
Sharp Keys 106
Flat Keys 109
Enharmonic Keys 113
The Circle of Fifths: Major Keys 113
Focus 115
Chapter 6 Intervals 117
Interval Identification 118
Arithmetic Distance 118
Interval Quality 124
Perfect Intervals 125
Major and Minor Intervals 132
Compound Intervals 142
Harmonic Inversion of Intervals 144
Focus 148
Focus on Skills II 151
Chapter 7 Minor Key Signatures 155
Related Keys 155
Parallel Keys 158
Minor Key Signatures 158
The Circle of Fifths: Minor Keys 164
Focus 166
Chapter 8 Minor Scales 167
Natural Minor Scale 169
Harmonic Minor Scale 179
Melodic Minor Scale 189
Minor Scales in Musical Situations 195
Sight-Singing of Minor Scales 196
Focus 200
Chapter 9 Other Scales and Modes 201
Pentatonic Scales 202
Modes 207
Transposing the Modes 209
The Whole-Tone Scale 214
Focus 218
Focus on Skills III 221
Chapter 10 Triads 227
Basic Structure of Triads 228
Major and Minor Triads 229
Close and Open Positions 232
Augmented and Diminished Triads 237
Triads and Scales 244
Inversions of Triads 245
Labeling Inversions 247
Two Systems for Labeling Triads 251
Roman Numeral Analysis 251
Pitch Name Identification 256
The Dominant Seventh Chord 258
Focus 264
Chapter 11 Tonality 265
Tendency Tones 266
The Dominant/Tonic Relationship 267
Cadences 269
The Authentic Cadence 269
The Plagal Cadence 271
The Half Cadence 272
The Deceptive Cadence 273
Simple Chord Progressions 276
Two-Chord Progression 277
Three-Chord Progression 278
Harmonizing a Melody 280
Focus 293
Focus on Skills IV 295
Appendix A Rhythms for Counting and Performing 301
Appendix B World Rhythms in Two and Three Parts 307
Appendix C Syllables for Sight-Singing Scales and Modes 313
Appendix D Melodies for Sight-Singing and Playing 315
Appendix E Major-Scale Fingerings for Keyboard Instruments 321
Appendix F The C Clef 325
Appendix G A System of Octave Identification 329
Appendix H Transposing the Modes 335
Appendix I A Brief Discussion of Dynamics 341
Appendix J A Brief Introduction to Timbre 343
Appendix K A Brief Discussion of Acoustics 349
Appendix L Using the Focus on Fundamentals CD-ROM 353
Glossary 357
Subject Index 363
Index to Musical Examples 369
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