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Prairie Riparian Forest Plate 4
Indicator Plants Canopy Trees: Green Ash, Ashleaf Maple (Box-elder), Eastern Cottonwood, Peachleaf Willow, Water Birch, Quaking Aspen, Bur Oak, Chinkapin Oak, Shin Oak, Post Oak, Blackjack Oak, American Elm, Bitternut Hickory, Shagbark Hickory, Northern Hackberry, Black Oak.
Understory Trees and Shrubs: Red-osier Dogwood, Pussy Willow, Missouri Willow, Heartleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Desert Ironwood, Black Raspberry, Smooth Sumac, Common Buttonbush, Common Witch-hazel, Common Chokecherry, juneberries, hawthorns, Coralberry, Red Baneberry.
Herbaceous Species: Virginia Creeper, Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Honeysuckle, Winter Grape, Kudzu-vine (local), Globeflower, Stinging Nettle, Canada Violet, Cardinal Flower, Solomon’s-seal, and various grasses and sedges.
Indicator Animals Birds: Eastern Kingbird, Western Kingbird, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Black-headed Grosbeak, Baltimore Oriole, Bullock’s Oriole, Red-headed Woodpecker, Green-backed Heron, Spotted Sandpiper, American Kestrel, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Northern Flicker, Eastern Phoebe, Eastern Wood- Pewee, Tree Swallow, House Wren, Gray Catbird, Warbling Vireo, Yellow Warbler, Ovenbird, Common Yellowthroat, Red-winged Blackbird, Brown- headed Cowbird, Orchard Oriole, Northern Cardinal, American Goldfinch, Spotted Towhee, Song Sparrow.
Mammals: River Otter, Mink, Muskrat, Raccoon, Eastern Gray Squirrel, Eastern Cottontail.
Reptiles: Painted Turtle, False Map Turtle, Northern Water Snake.
Amphibians: Woodhouse Toad, Northern Leopard Frog.