A First Course in Statistics / Edition 9

A First Course in Statistics / Edition 9

by James T. McClave, Terry Sincich, Terry Sincich, William Mendenhall
     
 

ISBN-10: 0131499793

ISBN-13: 9780131499799

Pub. Date: 05/27/2005

Publisher: Prentice Hall

This introduction to statistics helps readers develop and enhance their critical thinking skills. It shows readers how to analyze data that appear in situations in the world around them and features an abundance of examples and exercises—nearly all based on current, real-world applications pulled from journals, magazines, news articles, and commerce. In addition…  See more details below

Overview

This introduction to statistics helps readers develop and enhance their critical thinking skills. It shows readers how to analyze data that appear in situations in the world around them and features an abundance of examples and exercises—nearly all based on current, real-world applications pulled from journals, magazines, news articles, and commerce. In addition, this book exposes readers to the most recent statistical software packages that will prove helpful on the job. Presenting balanced coverage of both the theory and application of statistics, the book discusses methods for describing data sets; probability; random variables and probability distributions; inferences based on a single sample utilizing tests of hypothesis and confidence intervals; comparing population proportions and means; simple linear regression, and much more. For business, engineering, and science professionals.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131499799
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
05/27/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
640
Product dimensions:
7.94(w) x 9.94(h) x 0.86(d)

Table of Contents

1. Statistics, Data, and Statistical Thinking

1.1 The Science of Statistics

1.2 Types of Statistical Applications

1.3 Fundamental Elements of Statistics

1.4 Types of Data

1.5 Collecting Data

1.6 The Role of Statistics in Critical Thinking

Statistics in Action: USA Weekend Teen Surveys — Are Boys Really from Mars and Girls from Venus?

Using Technology: Creating and Listing Data in MINITAB

2. Methods for Describing Sets of Data

2.1 Describing Qualitative Data

2.2 Graphical Methods for Describing Quantitative Data

2.3 Summation Notation

2.4 Numerical Measures of Central Tendency

2.5 Numerical Measures of Variability

2.6 Interpreting the Standard Deviation

2.7 Numerical Measures of Relative Standing

2.8 Methods for Detecting Outliers (Optional)

2.9 Graphing Bivariate Relationships (Optional)

2.10 Distorting the Truth with Descriptive Techniques

Statistics In Action: The "Eye Cue" Test: Does Experience Improve Performance?

Using Technology: Describing Data in MINITAB

3. Probability (from McClave 11e–Chap 3)

3.1 Events, Sample Spaces, and Probability

3.2 Unions and Intersections

3.3 Complementary Events

3.4 The Additive Rule and Mutually Exclusive Events

3.5 Conditional Probability

3.6 The Multiplicative Rule and Independent Events

3.7 Random Sampling

3.8 Some Counting Rules (Optional)

Statistics In Action: Lotto Buster! — Can You Improve Your Chances of Winning the Lottery?

Using Technology: Generating a Random Sample in MINITAB

4. Random Variables and Probability Distributions

4.1 Two Types of Random Variables

4.2 Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables

4.3 The Binomial Distribution

4.4 Probability Distributions for Continuous Random Variables

4.5 The Normal Distribution

4.6 Descriptive Methods for Assessing Normality

4.7 Approximating a Binomial Distribution with a Normal Distribution (Optional)

4.8 Sampling Distributions

4.9 The Central Limit Theorem

Statistics in Action: Super Weapons Development — Is the Hit Ratio Optimized?

Using Technology: Binomial Probabilities, Normal Probabilities, and Normal Probability Plots in MINITAB

5. Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Estimation with Confidence Intervals

5.1 Identifying the Target Parameter

5.2 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean

5.3 Small-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Mean

5.4 Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion

5.5 Determining the Sample Size

Statistics in Action: Speed — Can a High School Football Player Improve His Sprint Time?

Using Technology: Confidence Intervals in MINITAB

6. Inferences Based on a Single Sample: Tests of Hypothesis

6.1 The Elements of a Test of Hypothesis

6.2 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean

6.3 Observed Significance Levels: p-Values

6.4 Small-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Mean

6.5 Large-Sample Test of Hypothesis About a Population Proportion

6.6 A Nonparametric Test about a Population Median (Optional)

Statistics in Action: Diary of a Kleenex User— How Many Tissues in a Box?

Using Technology: Tests of Hypothesis in MINITAB

7. Comparing Population Means

7.1 Identifying the Target Parameter

7.2 Comparing Two Population Means: Independent Sampling

7.3 Comparing Two Population Means: Paired Difference Experiments

7.4 Determining the Sample Size

7.5 A Nonparametric Test for Comparing Two Population: Independent Sampling (Optional)

7.6 A Nonparametric Test for Comparing Two Populations: Paired Difference Experiments (Optional)

7.7 Comparing Three or More Population Means: Analysis of Variance (Optional)

Statistics in Action: On the Trail of the Cockroach: Do Roaches Travel at Random?

Using Technology: Comparing Means in MINITAB

8. Comparing Population Proportions

8.1 Comparing Two Population Proportions: Independent Sampling

8.2 Determining the Sample Size

8.3 Contingency Table Analysis (Optional)

Statistics in Action: College Students and Alcohol — Is Drinking Frequency Related to Amount?

Using Technology: Chi-Square Analyses in MINITAB

9. Simple Linear Regression

9.1 Probabilistic Models

9.2 Fitting the Model: The Least Squares Approach

9.3 Model Assumptions

9.4 Assessing the Utility of the Model: Making Inferences About the Slope β1

9.5 The Coefficients of Correlation and Determination

9.6 Using the Model for Estimation and Prediction

9.7 A Complete Example

9.8 A Nonparametric Test for Correlation (Optional)

Statistics in Action: Can "Dowsers" Really Detect Water?

Using Technology: Simple Linear Regression in MINITAB

Appendix A: Tables

Table I Random Numbers

Table II Binomial Probabilities

Table III Normal Curve Areas

Table IV Critical Values of t

Table V Critical Values of TL and TU for the Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test: Independent Samples

Table VI Critical Values of T0 in the Wilcoxon Paired Difference Signed Rank Test

Table VII Percentage Points of the F Distribution, α=.10

Table VIII Percentage Points of the F Distribution, α=.05

Table IX Percentage Points of the F Distribution, α=.025

Table X Percentage Points of the F Distribution, α=.01

Table XI Critical Values of χ2

Table XII Critical Values of Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient

Short Answers to Selected Odd-Numbered Exercises

Index

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