A Grand Army of Black Men: Letters from African-American Soldiers in the Union Army, 1861-1865

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The Civil War stands vivid in the collective memory of the American public. There has always been a profound interest in the subject, and specifically in blacks' participation in, and reactions to, the war and the war's outcome. Almost 200,000 African-American soldiers fought for the Union. Although most were illiterate ex-slaves, several thousand were well-educated, free black men from the Northern states. This collection of 129 letters written by black soldiers in the Union Army during the Civil War to black and abolitionist newspapers provides a unique expression of the black voice that was meant for a public forum. The letters tell of the men's experiences, their fears, and their hopes. They describe in detail their army days - the excitement of combat and the drudgery of digging trenches. Some letters give vivid descriptions of battle; others protest racism; still others call eloquently for civil rights. And they describe their writers' conviction that they were fighting not only to free the slaves but to earn equal rights as citizens. These letters give a striking picture of the war as seen by black soldiers. They also reveal the bright expectations, hopes, and ultimately the demands these men had for the future - for themselves and for their race. As first-person documents of the Civil War, the letters are strong statements of the American dream of justice and equality, and memorable affirmations of the human spirit.

A vivid picture of the Civil War as seen by black soldiers. The 176 letters in this collection were written by black soldiers to black and abolitionist newspapers. These letters give an extraordinary picture of the war and also reveal the bright expectations, hope, and ultimately the demands that black soldiers had for the future--for themselves and their race. Cambridge Univ. PressFebruary

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...a significant addition to the small but growing body of literature speaking directly to the African Americans' Civil War." Richard M. Reid, Georgia Historical Quarterly

"This volume is a substantial and important addition to the growing literature of African-American involvement in the Civil War." Richard Blackett, Journal of American History

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
Introduction: For Freedom and Equality 1
1 Black Soldiers in White Regiments 9
2 South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida 27
3 Virginia and North Carolina 83
4 The Gulf States 137
5 Occupation Duty 159
6 For the Rights of Citizens 205
7 The Struggle for Equal Pay 229
8 Racism in the Army 249
9 The Navy 269
10 War's End 281
Index 297
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