A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science / Edition 3

A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science / Edition 3

by John Losee
     
 

ISBN-10: 0192892479

ISBN-13: 9780192892478

Pub. Date: 10/28/1993

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


This new edition brings up to date this accessible study of the philosophy of science. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, scientists and philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations. A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science is an exposition of differing viewpoints on issues such as the…  See more details below

Overview


This new edition brings up to date this accessible study of the philosophy of science. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, scientists and philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations. A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science is an exposition of differing viewpoints on issues such as the distinction between scientific inquiry and other types of interpretation, the relationship between theories and observation reports; the evaluation of competing theories; and the nature of progress in science. The author makes accessible the philosophy of science to readers who may not have extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. The third edition incorporates an extended discussion of recent developments. Historicist critics of Logical Empiricism have established that evaluative standards and cognitive aims have changed within the history of science. This edition examines these changes, the recent controversies over scientific realism, casual theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science. philosophers have raised questions about the proper evaluation of scientific interpretations. This is a lucid and accessible introduction to the philosophy of science, ideal for readers who may not have the extensive knowledge of formal logic or the history of the several sciences. This new edition includes an extended discussion of such recent developments and controversies as new approaches to evaluative standards and cognitive aims, scientific realism, causal theories of explanation, Bayesian theories of confirmation, and the search for a non-prescriptive philosophy of science.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780192892478
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/28/1993
Series:
Opus Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
5.13(w) x 7.69(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
1Aristotle's Philosophy of Science4
2The Pythagorean Orientation14
3The Ideal of Deductive Systematization20
4Atomism and the Concept of Underlying Mechanism24
5Affirmation and Development of Aristotle's Method in the Medieval Period26
6The Debate over Saving the Appearances39
7The Seventeenth-Century Attack on Aristotelian Philosophy46
IGalileo46
IIFrancis Bacon54
IIIDescartes63
8Newton's Axiomatic Method72
9Analyses of the Implications of the New Science for a Theory of Scientific Method86
IThe Cognitive Status of Scientific Laws86
IITheories of Scientific Procedure103
IIIStructure of Scientific Theories117
10Inductivism v. the Hypothetico-Deductive View of Science132
11Mathematical Positivism and Conventionalism143
12Logical Reconstructionist Philosophy of Science158
13Orthodoxy under Attack177
14Theories of Scientific Progress197
15Explanation, Causation, and Unification210
16Confirmation, Evidential Support, and Theory Appraisal220
17The Justification of Evaluative Standards236
18The Debate over Scientific Realism252
19Descriptive Philosophies of Science264
Select Bibliography279
Index of Proper Names305
Index of Subjects309

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