This history of Ancient Egypt by renowned American Egyptologist was a defining work when it was published.
The contents are:
PRELIMINARY SURVEY, CHRONOLOGY AND DOCUMENTARY SOURCES
BOOK II THE OLD KINGDOM
GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY, INDUSTRY AND ART
THE PYRAMID BUILDERS
THE SIXTH DYNASTY: THE DECLINE OF THE OLD KINGDOM
BOOK THREE: THE MIDDLE KINGDOM: THE FEUDAL AGE
THE DECLINE OF THE NORTH AND THE RISE OF THEBES.
THE MIDDLE KINGDOM OR THE FEUDAL AGE: STATE, SOCIETY AND RELIGION.
THE TWELFTH DYNASTY
BOOK FOUR: THE HYKSOS. THE RISE OF THE EMPIRE
THE FALL OF THE MIDDLE KINGDOM
EXPULSION OF THE HYKSOS AND TRIUMPH OF THEBES
BOOK V: THE EMPIRE: FIRST PERIOD
THE NEW STATE: SOCIETY AND RELIGION
BOOK VI: THE EMPIRE : SECOND PERIOD
THE TRIUMPH OF AMON AND THE REORGANIZATION OF THE EMPIRE
THE WARS OF RAMSES II
THE EMPIRE OF RAMSES II
THE FINAL DECLINE OF THE EMPIRE: MERNEPTAH AND RAMSES III
BOOK VII: THE DECADENCE
THE FALL OF THE EMPIRE
PRIESTS AND MERCENARIES: THE SUPREMACY OF THE LIBYANS
THE ETHIOPIAN SUPREMACY AND THE TRIUMPH OF ASSYRIA
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF KINGS.
James Henry Breasted (August 27, 1865 – December 2, 1935) was an American archaeologist and historian.
Breasted's English and Dutch ancestors came to the American continent in the 17th century with the surname Van Breestede. His father was a small hardware business owner in the 8,000-strong town of Rockford, Illinois, where just months after the assassination of Lincoln and end of the Civil War, Breasted was born.
He was educated at North Central College (then North-Western College) (B.A. 1888), the Chicago Theological Seminary, and Yale University (M.A. 1892), where he studied under the Hebrew scholar William Rainey Harper. Harper encouraged Breasted to go to the University of Berlin, where he earned his PhD (1894) under the instruction of Adolf Erman. He was the first American citizen to obtain a PhD in Egyptology. That same year he married Frances Hart and the couple honeymooned in Egypt which turned into a working vacation because he had been recruited to build a collection of Egyptian antiquities for the University of Chicago. Hart was in Germany at the same time as Breasted, learning German and studying music along with her sisters; after her death several decades later in 1934, Breasted would marry one of her sisters.
Breasted was in the forefront of the generation of archaeologist-historians who broadened the idea of Western Civilization to include the entire Near East in Europe's cultural roots. Breasted coined the term "Fertile Crescent" to describe the archaeologically important area from Israel to southern Iraq.
He became an instructor at the University of Chicago in 1894 soon after earning his doctorate. Five years later UC agreed to let him accept the Prussian Academy's invitation to work on their Egyptian dictionary project. Therefore, from 1899 to 1908 he devoted himself to field work which established his reputation. He began to publish numerous articles and monographs, as well as his History of Egypt from the Earliest Times Down to the Persian Conquest in 1905. At that time he was promoted to Professor of Egyptology and Oriental History for U of C (the first such chair in the United States).
In 1901, he was appointed Director of the Haskell Oriental Museum, forerunner of the Oriental Institute, which had opened at the University of Chicago in 1896. Though the Haskell Oriental Museum contained works of art from both the Near East and the Far East, Breasted's principal interest was in Egypt; he