A History of the Jews in Babylonia IV: The Age of Shapur II (South Florida Studies in the History of Judaism Series 220)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780788506086
  • Publisher: University of South Florida
  • Publication date: 5/3/2000
  • Series: University of South Florida Studies Series , #220
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 492
  • Product dimensions: 6.02 (w) x 8.58 (h) x 1.06 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps x
Preface xi
List of Abbreviations xx
I The Age of Shapur II, 309 to 379 1
i. Securing the Throne and the Frontiers 1
ii. The Mazdean State-Church under Shapur II 17
iii. The Church of Saints and Martyrs 20
iv. Jewry in Byzantine Palestine 27
v. 'Ifra Hormizd and the Jews 35
vi. Shapur's Taxes and the Jews 39
vii. Shapur's Wars and the Jews 44
viii. Shapur and the Jews 49
ix. Judaism and Other Religions 56
x. Jews and Pagans 61
xi. Summary 66
II Exilarchate and Rabbinate: Loosening Ties 73
i. The Exilarchate at the Turn of the Fourth Century 73
ii. Geonic Traditions 82
iii. The Exilarch, the Rabbi, and Taxation 85
iv. Exilarch and Academy 91
v. Talmudic Evidence (I): Who Informed against Rabbah? 100
vi. Talmudic Evidence (II): Favorable Traditions 102
vii. Talmudic Evidence (III): Hostile Traditions 105
viii. Talmudic Evidence (IV): Neutral Traditions 113
ix. Review and Evaluation of Talmudic Evidence 114
x. Summary and Conclusions 119
III Babylonian Jewish Government (I): The Rabbi as Administrator 125
i. Introduction 125
ii. The Court 131
iii. The Court's Eleemosynary Responsibilities 139
iv. The Court and the Marketplace 141
v. The Court and the Farm 143
vi. The Court and the Synagogue 149
vii. The Court and the Abbatoir. Food Taboos 151
viii. Court and Rite (I): Mourning 156
ix. Court and Rite (II): Purity Laws 158
x. Court and Rite (III): Holy Objects 160
xi. Court and Rite (IV): Holy Days 163
xii. Court and Rite (V): The Sabbath 171
xiii. Summary and Conclusions 179
IV Babylonian Jewish Government (II): The Rabbi as Judge 183
i. Introduction 183
ii. Capital Jurisdiction 186
iii. Betrothals and Marriage Contracts 191
iv. Family Life in Practice and Theory 198
v. Dissolution of Marriages 204
vi. Wills and Estates 212
vii. Mortgages, Debts, and Bonds 220
viii. Contracts 228
ix. Other Commercial Transactions 231
x. Litigation over Immovable Property and Real Estate 233
xi. Bailments 239
xii. Documents and Deeds 241
xiii. Workers and Slaves 244
xiv. Damages 247
xv. Summary and Conclusions 251
V The Life of the Schools 279
i. Introduction. The Rabbi and the Image of God 279
ii. The Masters in the Time of Shapur II 286
iii. The Way of Torah (I): Learning 290
iv. The Way of Torah (II): Conduct 295
v. The Rewards of Torah 309
vi. Theology 315
vii. The Life of Prayer 324
viii. Astrology 330
ix. Demons and Angels 334
x. Dreams and Other Revelations 341
xi. Witchcraft, Incantations, and Amulets 347
xii. The Rabbi's Curse 351
xiii. Torah as a Source of Supernatural and Magical Power 353
xiv. Medicine 363
xv. Scriptural Exegesis 370
xvi. The Kallah 384
xvii. The Schools and the Streets 386
xviii. Summary and Conclusions 391
Appendices
I Skand Gumanik Vicar, Chapters XIII and XIV 403
i. Introduction 403
ii. Translation 406
iii. Exposition 418
II Bibliographical Reflections 424
i. Introduction 424
ii. Histories of the Jews in Babylonia 427
iii. Special Subjects 430
iv. History of Judaism in Babylonia 433
v. Bibliographies 435
Supplementary Bibliography 437
Index of Biblical and Talmudic Passages 443
General Index 450
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