A History of the Popes, 1830-1914

A History of the Popes, 1830-1914

by Owen Chadwick
     
 

ISBN-10: 0198269226

ISBN-13: 9780198269229

Pub. Date: 07/16/1998

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Could a Pope ever consent to be the subject of a political power? Owen Chadwick presents an analysis of the causes and consequences of the end of the historical Papal State, and the psychological pressures upon old Rome as it came under attack from the Italian Risorgimento; and not only from Italy, but from liberal movements in Germany, France, Spain, and Portugal, as

Overview

Could a Pope ever consent to be the subject of a political power? Owen Chadwick presents an analysis of the causes and consequences of the end of the historical Papal State, and the psychological pressures upon old Rome as it came under attack from the Italian Risorgimento; and not only from Italy, but from liberal movements in Germany, France, Spain, and Portugal, as well as Tsarist Russia as it oppressed its Polish subjects. If a united Italy was to be achieved, the State must disappear. These pressures caused Popes to resist 'the world' rather than try to influence it, to make the Vatican more of a sanctuary behind high walls, and to preach the more other-worldly aspects of Catholic faith. At the same time they met new moral demands: the rights of the labourer in industry, divorce, toleration, which they could confront because the Revolution had destroyed the powers of the Catholic kings over their churches, and therefore Catholic authority could be far more centralized in Rome.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198269229
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
07/16/1998
Series:
Oxford History of the Christian Church Series
Pages:
624
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.50(d)
Lexile:
1210L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Abbreviationsix
1.Gregory XVI1
The Election of 18311
Revolution in the Papal States4
The Five Powers at Rome9
Lamennais and the Idea of Toleration12
Bourgeois France and the Church31
Germany and Marriage34
The Trier Robe43
The Sonderbund44
The Missions46
The Papal States in Italy49
Italy for the Italians51
Mazzini51
The Neo-Guelfs53
Gregory XVI's Reputation57
2.A Liberal Pope, 1846-184861
The Conclave of 184661
The Amnesty63
The Pope as Leader of Italy71
The Refusal to Go to War77
Pellegrino Rossi80
The Roman Revolution82
The Flight of the Pope83
The Roman Republic85
The Restoration to Rome91
3.Catholic Power95
Louis Napoleon95
The Austrian Concordat105
The Pope and Catholic Power109
Political Reputation124
4.The Making of Italy132
The Quarrel Between the Pope and Piedmont132
Cavour and Religion135
The Election of 1857 and Its Consequences139
The Plan to Unite North Italy141
Garibaldi in the South148
The Death of Cavour153
The Search for 'Liberal Priests'155
5.The Need for a Council161
Napoleon III and the Church of the 1860s161
The September Convention165
The Syllabus of Errors168
The First Vatican Council181
6.The Prisoner of the Vatican215
The Acceptance of the Council220
Rome as a Lay City225
The Prisoner in the Vatican226
The Law of Guarantees228
The New Bishops239
The Speeches of Pius IX243
Conciliation with Italy?245
Austria247
The Old Catholics251
The Kulturkampf in Germany254
Britain265
The Deaths of the Pope and the King of Italy268
7.Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903)273
The Conclave of 1878273
The Character of Leo XIII278
The Philosophy of St Thomas Aquinas281
Leo XIII and Italy283
The Relationships with the Powers285
The Ending of the German Kulturkampf286
The Kulturkampf in Switzerland288
The Kulturkampf in France290
Conciliation in Italy?301
Freemasons304
Socialism and the Workers' Movement307
Ketteler311
Rerum novarum, 1891312
Democracy?320
The Press322
The Death of Leo XIII330
8.Pope Pius X (1903-1914)332
The Conclave of 1903332
The Early Career of Pope Pius X341
Modernism346
The Endeavour at Reform of the Church359
The Reform of Canon Law359
The Daily Eucharist361
Music364
The Daily Office365
The Ideal of a Priest365
Reform of the Curia366
The Cardinals371
Pius X and France377
Separation of Church and State in France391
The Roman Question and Italian Politics402
9.Nationality and Religion: Tyrol and Poland406
Tyrol406
Poland409
The Uniats411
Catholicism and Nationalism in Poland416
The Poles in Prussia433
The Poles in Galicia434
The Change of 1905434
10.Nationality and Religion: Spain436
The Carlist War438
The Spanish Concordat444
Father Claret446
The Quest for Order in the State449
Clericalism and Anticlericalism452
Integrism versus Liberalism454
The Seminaries456
The Parishes458
The Revival of Religious Orders460
The Jesuits462
The Holy Family at Barcelona465
The Spanish Protestants466
11.Nationality and Religion: Portugal469
The Monks473
Church and State475
The Piety of the People479
The Portuguese Revolution of 1910481
12.The Religious484
The Benedictines493
Camaldoli504
The Olivetans504
The Franciscans505
The Cistercians507
The Carthusians510
The Dominicans511
The Jesuits518
The Oratorians521
The Mercedarians524
The Salesians524
The Nuns526
The Mariavites529
13.Catholic Universities533
14.The Idea of Reunion541
15.Saints in the Modern World550
Doctors of the Church568
Select Bibliography571
Index590

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