For artists, critics, theoreticians, and the like, this book is a call to engage with philosophy's numerous critical resources. Michael Kelly takes a significant first stab at healing the deleterious rift between philosophical aesthetics, on the one hand, and art, art criticism, art history, and 'theory' on the other. This is an ambitious and important book! No other work in the literatureart historical or philosophicalmakes such an attempt.
A Hunger for Aesthetics: Enacting the Demands of Artby Michael Kelly
For decades, aesthetics has been subjected to a variety of critiques, often concerning its treatment of beauty or the autonomy of art. Collectively, these complaints have generated an anti-aesthetic stance now prevalent in the contemporary art world. Yet if we examine the motivations for these critiques, Michael Kelly argues, we find theorists and artists hungering
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For decades, aesthetics has been subjected to a variety of critiques, often concerning its treatment of beauty or the autonomy of art. Collectively, these complaints have generated an anti-aesthetic stance now prevalent in the contemporary art world. Yet if we examine the motivations for these critiques, Michael Kelly argues, we find theorists and artists hungering for a new kind of aesthetics, one better calibrated to contemporary art and its moral and political demands.Following an analysis of the work of Stanley Cavell, Arthur Danto, Umberto Eco, Susan Sontag, and other philosophers of the 1960s who made aesthetics more responsive to contemporary art, Kelly considers Sontag’s aesthetics in greater detail. In On Photography (1977), she argues that a photograph of a person suffering only aestheticizes the suffering for the viewer’s pleasure, yet she insists in Regarding the Pain of Others (2003) that such a photograph can have a sustainable moral-political effect precisely because of its aesthetics. Kelly considers this dramatic change to be symptomatic of a cultural shift in our understanding of aesthetics, ethics, and politics. He discusses these issues in connection with Gerhard Richter’s and Doris Salcedo’s art, chosen because they’re often identified with the anti-aesthetic though their work is clearly aesthetic. Focusing first on Richter’s Baader-Meinhof series, Kelly concludes with Salcedo’s enactments of suffering caused by social injustice. Throughout, he reveals the place of critique in contemporary art, which, if we understand aesthetics as critique, confirms that it is integral to art. Meeting the demand for aesthetics voiced by many who participate in art, Kelly advocates for a critical aesthetics that confirms the power of art.
In elegant and trenchant commentaries on influential twentieth-century artists, art movements, and art theories (ranging from John Dewey to Susan Sontag and from Pop art to Doris Salcedo), Michael Kelly interrogates the 'anti-aesthetic' stance among certain artists and critics and in recent histories and philosophies of the arts, and reinvigorates the possibility of a robust critical aesthetics of art. Weaving careful attention to the aesthetic, social, and ethical claims of particular artworks with an investigation of a range of philosophical and critical responses to them, Kelly shows that the very possibilities of art as critique and of the critique of art demandeven 'hunger for'an aesthetics that addresses the moral-political stakes and limits of art. Kelly's explication and defense of aesthetics as the grounds of art critiquerather than inimical to itwill interest not only philosophers of art and aestheticians of all stripes. In developing theoretical resources to renew the relations between aesthetics and ethics, social theory, and political economy, it will command the close attention of curators, historians, sociologists, and practitioners of the arts, especially those who have been tempted to abandon aesthetics.
Michael Kelly turns philosophy and art history toward the seriousness of aesthetics in the contemporary world by locating his argument in works of art by artists and in the views of critics who insist on the importance of ethics and politics. Rejecting the universalist claims of a generation of critics, Kelly offers aesthetics as the ideal ground on which to build a critical thinking about the very complexities of art today. In his book, acute theoretical analyses of texts and works of art provide a historiographical argument for the power of aesthetic thinking in the twenty-first century's ever-widening world of art.
Useful for scholars in philosophy who are reflecting on the links between aesthetics and beauty in contemporary art.
- Columbia University Press
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Meet the Author
Michael Kelly is professor of philosophy at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte, and has served as executive director of the American Philosophical Association and as managing editor of the Journal of Philosophy. He is the author of Iconoclasm in Aesthetics and editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. He is also the editor of three books: Critique and Power: Recasting the Foucault/Habermas Debate; Hermeneutics and Critical Theory in Ethics and Politics; and (with Daniel Herwitz) Action, Art, History: Engagements with Arthur C. Danto.
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