A Mad, Bad, and Dangerous People?: England 1783-1846 by Boyd Hilton | 9780199218912 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
A Mad, Bad, and Dangerous People?: England 1783-1846

A Mad, Bad, and Dangerous People?: England 1783-1846

by Boyd Hilton
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199218919

ISBN-13: 9780199218912

Pub. Date: 08/15/2008

Publisher: Oxford University Press

In 1783 England felt down and out, having just lost the bulk of its American colonies. By 1846 it was once more a great imperial nation, as well as the world's strongest power and dominant economy. In the meantime the country survived a decade of invasion fears, and emerged victorious from more than twenty years of 'war to the death' against Napoleonic France, while

Overview

In 1783 England felt down and out, having just lost the bulk of its American colonies. By 1846 it was once more a great imperial nation, as well as the world's strongest power and dominant economy. In the meantime the country survived a decade of invasion fears, and emerged victorious from more than twenty years of 'war to the death' against Napoleonic France, while the Romantic movement brought English writers and artists to the forefront of European attention for the first time. But if Britain's external fortunes were in the ascendant, the situation at home remained fraught with peril, with the most prolonged period of social unrest since the seventeenth century. Population was growing at a rate not experienced by any comparable former society, and manufacturing towns were mushrooming into filthy, disease-ridden, gin-sodden hell-holes, in turn provoking the phantasmagoria of a mad, bad, and dangerous people. The governing class, in constant fear of a French-style revolution, was forced to engage with social problems to an unprecedented extent, one reason why, by the mid-nineteenth century, the seeds of a settled two-party system and of a more socially interventionist state were both in evidence. At the same time the country experienced a great religious revival, very loosely described under the heading 'evangelicalism'. Slowly but surely, the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, was succumbing to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'.

About the Author:
Boyd Hilton is Professor of Modern British History at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Trinity College

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199218912
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
08/15/2008
Series:
New Oxford History of England Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
784
Sales rank:
625,517
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents


List of Plates     xviii
List of Figures and Maps     xx
List of Tables     xxi
Abbreviations     xxiii
England 1783-1846: A Preview     1
The Economy: Crisis and Survival     2
An Old or New Regime?     24
The Politics of Theatre and the Theatre of Politics     31
Politics in the Time of Pitt and Fox, 1783-1807     39
The Launching of Pitt and the Destruction of Fox     41
Party Government or Broad Bottom?     47
The French Revolution and Political Realignment     57
'Pitt's Terror'     65
Irish Problems     74
French Wars     82
The Fall of Pitt     91
Peace and War     98
Pittism and Plutocracy: The Social and Psychological Foundations     110
Court Whigs, Country Whigs, and the Conservative Reaction     110
Virtuous Economics     113
A New Vision of Government     119
Class Distinctions and Rentier Capitalism     124
The Late Hanoverian Aristocracy: Domination or Accommodation?     133
Commerce and the Quasi-Professions     141
Business Classes     152
Producers and Dealers: The Makings of aLesser-Middle Class?     156
Civic Cultures: A Literary and Philosophical People     162
The Evangelical Revival     174
Slavery and National Mission: The Politics of Virtue     184
The Politics of Pittism: Rhetoric and Reality     188
Politics in the Time of Liverpool and Canning, 1807-1827     195
The Development of Two-Party Politics?     195
The Narrative Resumed: All-Out Warfare     210
Liberation and Liberalism     223
Victory, the Second Empire, and a Mistaken Case of National Identity     235
'A Malady of Peace': The Foundations of Monetary Policy     251
Rethinking the Corn Laws     264
The Squires' Revolt     268
'Never a Controversial Cabinet': Lord Liverpool's System of Politics     274
The Reshuffle of 1821-1823 and the Origins of Cabinet Government     280
Divided Cabinets: Foreign and Economic Policies     286
Ruling Ideologies     309
'A Love of System'     309
Liberal Toryism versus High Toryism     314
Utilitarianism     328
Natural Theology in a Fallen World     332
The Paradoxes of Political Economy     342
Philosophic Whiggism     346
The Status of Women and Ideas about Gender     353
The Crisis of the Old Order, 1827-1832     372
Coalition and the Canningite Flame     372
The Goderich File     376
The First Blow: Test and Corporation Act Repeal     379
The Second Blow: Catholic Emancipation     384
The Emancipation of Peel     391
Money and the Millennium     397
Ultra Tory Backlash     406
The Fall of the Pittite Regime     411
The Struggle for Reform     420
A Middle-Class Bill, or a case of Landed Reaction?     429
The Status of the Borough Freeholders     437
Split Voting, Straight Voting, and Plumping     437
Contesting Mechanical Philosophy     439
The Evolutionary Moment: The Scientific Threat to Belief     441
From Romantic Science to Peelite Compromise     454
From Unitarianism to Liberal Anglicanism     460
The Oxford Movement     468
The Middle Ages, the 'Olden Time', and Ideas of Nation     475
From Romanticism to Socialism     487
Politics in the Time of Melbourne and Peel, 1833-1846     493
From Reform to Repeal: The Narrative Resumed     493
The Analysis Resumed: Party Politics without Parties     513
The Politics of Militant Dissent     524
Clouds in the West     538
Towards Free Trade: 'Mighty Athlete' or 'Wounded Giant'?     543
Towards the Pax Britannica     558
Imperial Onset     565
The Condition and Reconditioning of England     573
Social Crisis     573
The Origins of Social Policy     588
'System, Method, Science, Economy': Defining the Liberal State     599
Chartism     612
Class and Community     622
Mad Metropolis     625
Afterwards: 'There are no Barbarians any Longer'     628
Chronology     639
Bibliography     664
Index     725

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