A Model Minority In Distress

Overview

Studies reveal that Korean American undergraduates have a higher rate of distress than other Asian subgroups, yet less is known about their positive functioning and well-being. Taking a strength-based and integrative student approach, the study used a psychosociocultural theoretical framework to investigate the different paths and processes influencing depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being for Korean American undergraduates. Participants (n = 163) from four mid-Atlantic region universities ...
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Overview

Studies reveal that Korean American undergraduates have a higher rate of distress than other Asian subgroups, yet less is known about their positive functioning and well-being. Taking a strength-based and integrative student approach, the study used a psychosociocultural theoretical framework to investigate the different paths and processes influencing depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being for Korean American undergraduates. Participants (n = 163) from four mid-Atlantic region universities completed 45-minute surveys (either online or in paper form). The first research question addressed differences by gender, class, and generational status for well-being and distress. In individual regressions by group, adherence to Asian cultural values, internalization of the model minority stereotype and an individual's level of cultural competence were uniquely and collectively assessed in predicting well-being and distress. Through a structural equation model, an overall assessment of the variables relationships was determined. Group differences were found between 1.5 and 2nd generation participants on the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). Differences by gender, generation status, and socioeconomic status for depressive symptoms and well-being were yielded. Korean males, 1.5 generation participants, and low-middle class participants indicated statistically significant levels of distress on the Kim Depression Scale for Korean Americans (KDSKA) a culture specific measure of depression. Korean females and second generation participants indicated statistically significant levels of distress on the SDS. For both low-middle and upper class participants, internalization of the model minority stereotype was statistically significant in contributing to well-being. Internalization of the model minority stereotype accounted for a significant portion of the variance for both depressive symptoms and well-being for all groups. Findings included a significant relationship between open-mindedness and internalization of the model minority stereotype to well-being and an inverse relationship between emotional stability and well-being. Implications focused on understanding adaptive and maladaptive functioning for Korean American undergraduates by considering group differences and perceptions of the model minority image. Limitations included accurately measuring socioeconomic status differences and less than ideal number of participants for structural equation model analysis.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243727688
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/8/2011
  • Pages: 212
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.45 (d)

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