A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present / Edition 1

A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present / Edition 1

by Andrew Gordon
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195110617

ISBN-13: 9780195110616

Pub. Date: 01/28/2003

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present, Second Edition, paints a richly nuanced and strikingly original portrait of the last two centuries of Japanese history. It takes students from the days of the shogunate-the overlordship of the Tokugawa family-through the modernizing revolution launched by midlevel samurai in the late nineteenth century

Overview

A Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present, Second Edition, paints a richly nuanced and strikingly original portrait of the last two centuries of Japanese history. It takes students from the days of the shogunate-the overlordship of the Tokugawa family-through the modernizing revolution launched by midlevel samurai in the late nineteenth century; the adoption of Western hairstyles, clothing, and military organization; and the nation's first experiments with mass democracy after World War I. Author Andrew Gordon offers the finest synthesis to date of Japan's passage through militarism, World War II, the American occupation, and the subsequent economic rollercoaster.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195110616
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/28/2003
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Maps, Tables, and Figures ix

Preface xi

Introduction: Enduring Imprints of the Longer Past 3

Part 1 Crisis of the Tokugawa Regime 10

1 The Tokugawa Polity 11

Unification 11

The Tokugawa Political Settlements 13

The Daimyo 14

The Imperial Institution 16

The Samurai 16

Villagers and City-Dwellers 17

The Margins of the Japanese and Japan 18

2 Social and Economic Transformations 22

The Seventeenth-Century Boom 22

Riddles of Stagnation and Vitality 28

3 The Intellectual World of Late Tokugawa 35

Ideological Foundations of the Tokugawa Regime 35

Cultural Diversity and Contradictions 37

Reform, Critiques, and Insurgent Ideas 42

4 The Overthrow of the Tokugawa 47

The Western Powers and the Unequal Treaties 47

The Crumbling of Tokugawa Rule 51

Politics of Terror and Accommodation 54

Bakufu Revival, the Satsuma-Choshu Insurgency, and Domestic Unrest 57

Part 2 Modern Revolution, 1868-1905 60

5 The Samurai Revolution 61

Programs of Nationalist Revolution 62

Political Unification and Central Bureaucracy 62

Eliminating the Status System 64

The Conscript Army 66

Compulsory Education 67

The Monarch at the Center 68

Building a Rich Country 70

Stances toward the World 72

6 Participation and Protest 76

Political Discourse and Contention 77

Movement for Freedom and People's Rights 79

Samurai Rebellions, Peasant Uprisings, and New Religions 84

Participation for Women 87

Treaty Revision and Domestic Politics 89

The Meiji Constitution 91

7 Social, Economic, and Cultural Transformations 93

Landlords and Tenants 93

Industrial Revolution 95

The Work Force and Labor Conditions 98

Spread of Mass and Higher Education103

Culture and Religion 106

Affirming Japanese Identity and Destiny 110

8 Empire and Domestic Order 113

The Trajectory to Empire 113

Contexts of Empire, Capitalism, and Nation-Building 122

The Turbulent World of Diet Politics 125

The Era of Popular Protest 129

Engineering Nationalism 134

Part 3 Imperial Japan from Ascendance to Ashes 138

9 Economy and Society 139

Wartime Boom and Postwar Bust 139

Landlords, Tenants, and Rural Life 144

City Life: Middle and Working Classes 148

Cultural Responses to Social Change 154

10 Democracy and Empire between the World Wars 161

The Emergence of Party Cabinets 162

The Structure of Parliamentary Government 164

Ideological Challenges 166

Strategies of Imperial Democratic Rule 169

Japan, Asia, and the Western Powers 172

11 The Depression Crisis and Responses 181

Economic and Social Crisis 181

Breaking the Impasse: New Departures Abroad 185

Toward a New Social and Economic Order 191

Toward a New Political Order 195

12 Japan in Wartime 202

Wider War in China 202

Toward Pearl Harbor 204

The Pacific War 207

Mobilizing for Total War 209

Living in the Shadow of War 215

Ending the War 219

Burdens and Legacies of War 222

13 Occupied Japan: New Departures and Durable Structures 224

Bearing the Unbearable 224

The American Agenda: Demilitarize and Democratize 227

Japanese Responses 232

The Reverse Course 237

Toward Recovery and Independence: Another Unequal Treaty? 238

Part 4 Postwar and Contemporary Japan, 1952-2000 242

14 Economic and Social Transformations 243

The Postwar "Economic Miracle" 243

Transwar Patterns of Community, Family, School, and Work 249

Shared Experiences and Standardized Lifeways of the Postwar Era 251

Differences Enduring and Realigned 256

Managing Social Stability and Change 259

Images and Ideologies of Social Stability and Change 262

15 Political Struggles and Settlements of the High-Growth Era 268

Political Struggles 268

The Politics of Accommodation 277

Global Connections: Oil Crisis and the End of High Growth 285

16 Global Power in a Polarized World: Japan in the 1980s 289

New Roles in the World and New Tensions 289

Economy: Thriving through the Oil Crises 296

Politics: The Conservative Heyday 299

Society and Culture in the Exuberant Eighties 303

17 Beyond the Postwar Era 308

The End of Showa 308

The Specter of a Divided Society 310

Economy of the "Lost Decade" 316

The Fall and Rise of the Liberal Democratic Party 321

Assessing Reforms, Explaining Recovery 328

Between Asia and the West 329

Ongoing Presence of the Past 333

Appendix Prime Ministers of Japan, 1885-2007 335

Notes 337

Select Bibliography 357

Index 367

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