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Through an examination of how Washingtonians reacted to federal tax policy, responded to national debates over tax issues, and opted for ...
Through an examination of how Washingtonians reacted to federal tax policy, responded to national debates over tax issues, and opted for particular forms of taxation for themselves and their property, Phil Roberts elucidates the larger patterns of evolving tax policy in the United States. A Penny for the Governor, a Dollar for Uncle Sam explores the complex mix of factors underlying tax decisions and demonstrates how taxation politics influenced (and were influenced by) broader economic and cultural forces from the days of Lincoln to the New Deal. Tax systems are shaped by assumptions about economic development, social responsibility, and government influence, as well as cultural outlooks and political philosophies.
This inquiry into the connections between politics and tax policy in the Pacific Northwest contributes to an understanding of the priorities that society holds about the place of government in relation to other institutions, the role government should play in the economic lives of its citizens, and t he relative influence of interest groups on the political process over time. A Penny for the Governor, a Dollar for Uncle Sam demonstrates the roles of governors, legislatures, courts, and average citizens in determining how income taxes were applied or resisted in the Northwest, and the important factors of class and geography in influencing taxation politics. The public debates on the subject are revealing of the role played by urban-rural conflicts in that most fundamental of political issues: taxes -- who decides, who pays, and how much.
"A well-written and impressively documented case study of an important and timely topic -- the debate over income taxes, both federal and state, in the Pacific Northwest." -- Michael Allen, University of Washington, Tacoma
Phil Roberts is a professor of history at the University of Wyoming.
|1||Setting the Stage||3|
|2||Civil War Income Tax||7|
|3||Civil War Income Tax in Oregon: A Comparative Assessment||26|
|4||Consensus I: Federal Income Tax and Washington's Reaction, 1894||37|
|5||Consensus II: Washington Ratifies the Federal Income Tax, 1911||47|
|6||The Background for Tax Reform, 1914-1931||56|
|7||The Washington Income Tax of 1931: Veto and Response||73|
|8||Electoral Success, Judicial Defeat||86|
|9||Attractive Alternatives to an Income Tax, 1933-1940||100|
|10||Income Tax Efforts after World War II||119|
|Comment on Sources||182|