A Short Guide to Writing about Biology / Edition 2by Jan A. Pechenik
Emphasizing writing as a means to examining, evaluating, sharing, and refining ideas, A Short Guide to Writing about Biology helps its readers get more out of their reading, lab work, education, and experience. More than a "writing guide," this book teaches readers to think as biologists and to then express that thinking clearly and concisely through their writing… See more details below
Emphasizing writing as a means to examining, evaluating, sharing, and refining ideas, A Short Guide to Writing about Biology helps its readers get more out of their reading, lab work, education, and experience. More than a "writing guide," this book teaches readers to think as biologists and to then express that thinking clearly and concisely through their writing and speaking. With comprehensive coverage on how to read and evaluate articles, how to interpret and describe the results of statistical tests, how to maintain laboratory and field notebooks, and how to communicate information concisely and convincingly to professional and general audiences, this book is a "must have" for anyone aspiring to a career in biology. This edition also provides considerable emphasis on the Internet and work with computers in Biology. For anyone aspiring to a career in biology.
Table of Contents
GENERAL ADVICE ABOUT WRITING AND READING BIOLOGY.
1. Introduction and General Rules.
What Do Biologists Write About, and Why?
The Keys to Success.
On Using Computers in Writing.
On Using Computers for Data Storage, Analysis, and Presentation.
2. General Advice on Reading and Note-Taking.
Plagiarism and Note-Taking.
Final Thoughts on Note-Taking.
Locating Useful Sources.
3. Reading and Writing about Statistical Analysis.
Reading about Statistics.
Writing about Statistics.
4. Citing Sources and Listing References.
Preparing the Literature Cited Section.
Sample Literature Cited Section.
Preparing the Draft for Surgery: Plotting Idea Maps.
Revising for Content.
Revising for Clarity.
Revising for Completeness.
Revising for Conciseness.
Revising for Flow.
Revising for Teleology and Anthropomorphism.
Revising for Spelling Errors.
Revising for Grammar and Proper Word Usage.
Becoming a Good Editor.
Summary and Checklist.
GUIDELINES FOR SPECIFIC CRITIQUES.
6. Writing Summaries and Critiques.
Writing the First Draft.
Writing the Summary.
Sample Student Summary.
Writing the Critique.
7. Writing Essays and Term Papers.
Writing the Paper.
Creating a Title.
8. Writing Laboratory and Other Research Reports.
Why Are You Doing This?
The Purpose of Laboratory and Field Notebooks.
Components of the Research Report.
Where to Start.
Writing the Materials and Methods Section.
Writing the Results Section.
Writing the Discussion Section.
Writing the Introduction Section.
Deciding on a Title.
Writing an Abstract.
Preparing an Acknowledgements Section.
Preparing the Literature Cited Section.
Preparing Papers for Formal Publication.
Checklist for the Final Draft of Your Research Report.
9. Answering Essay Questions.
10. Writing Research Proposals.
Researching Your Topic.
What Makes a Good Research Question.
Writing the Proposal.
Tightening the Logic.
The Life of a Real Research Proposal.
11. Writing a Poster Presentation.
Layout of the Poster.
Making the Poster.
Checklist for Making Posters.
12. Writing for a General Audience: Science Journalism.
Science Journalism Based on Published Research.
Journalism Based on an Interview.
13. Preparing Oral Presentations.
Talking about Published Research Papers.
Talking about Original Research.
Talking about Proposed Research.
The Listener's Responsibility.
Preparing Effective Slides and Overheads.
Getting Fancy, or Not.
14. Writing Letters of Application.
Before You Start.
Preparing the Resume.
Preparing the Cover Letter.
Recruiting Effective Letters of Recommendation.
The Disassembled Paragraph Reconstituted (from Chapter 4).
Revised Sample Sentences.
The Revised Sample Sentences in Final Form.
Commonly Used Abbreviations.
Suggested References for Further Reading.
Some Computer Software for the Biological Sciences.
and post it to your social network
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