Abnormal Psychology / Edition 2

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More About This Textbook

Overview

This innovative book encourages readers to see that the multiple forces of causality in mental illness are frequently more important than the rigid definitions of diagnosis. While thoroughly covering the DSM system, the second edition places DMS-IV in a larger context, focusing on six core concepts designed to help them better detail, classify, explain and understand abnormal behavior. In addition, biological explanations and treatments at the beginning of each chapter highlight the growing emphasis on the biological components of psychological disorders.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470279793
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/28/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 712
  • Sales rank: 923,602
  • Product dimensions: 9.04 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Abnormal Psychology: The Core Concepts.

Case Vignette.

The Core Concepts.

The Importance of Context in Defining and Understanding Abnormality.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Behavior.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Abnormality.

The Advantages and Limitations of Diagnosis.

The Principle of Multiple Causality.

The Connection Between Mind and Body.

The Core Concepts: A View From the Past.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 2. Defining Abnormality: What Is Psychopathology?

Case Vignette.

Commonly Used Criteria for Defining Abnormality.

Help Seeking.

Irrationality/Dangerousness.

Deviance.

Emotional Distress.

Significant Impairment.

Core Concepts in Defining Abnormality.

Cultural and Historical Relativism.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Behavior.

Defining Abnormality: Practical Solutions.

Working Definitions of Psychopathology.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 3. Explaining Abnormality: What Causes Psychopathology?

Case Vignette.

Explaining Abnormality: The Core Concepts.

Cultural and Historical Relativism.

The Principle of Multiple Causality.

The Connection Between Mind and Body.

The Theoretical Perspectives.

Psychodynamic Perspectives.

Humanistic and Existential Perspectives.

Behavioral Perspectives.

Cognitive Perspectives.

Sociocultural and Family Systems Perspectives.

Biological Perspectives.

Case Vignette-Explanation and Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter4. Classifying Abnormality: Diagnosis and Assessment.

The Advantages and Limitations of Diagnosis.

Reliability.

Validity.

The History of Diagnostic Systems for Psychopathology.

The DSM-III Revolution and Controversy.

Advantages of the Modern DSM Approach.

Limitations of the Modern DSM Approach.

Using the DSM-IV-TR: Making a Multiaxial Diagnosis.

Axis I and Axis II.

Axes III, IV, and V.

A Complete DSM-IV-TR Diagnosis.

Assessment.

Interviews.

Tests.

Behavioral Observation.

Diagnosis and Assessment in Perspective: Classifying and Understanding Dave.

Interview with Dave.

Dave's Test Results.

Behavioral Observations of Dave.

The Advantages and Limitations of the Diagnosis of Dave.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 5. Anxiety and the Anxiety Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders.

The Importance of Context in Defining Anxiety Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Anxiety.

Classifying Anxiety Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Anxiety Disorder Diagnoses.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Anxiety Disorders.

Explaining and Treating Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders.

Behavioral Components.

Cognitive Components.

Biological Components.

Psychodynamic Components.

The Multiple Causality of Anxiety Disorders.

The Connection Between Mind and Body in Anxiety Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 6. Mood and the Mood Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Mood and Mood Disorders.

The Importance of Context in Defining Mood Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Mood.

Classifying Mood Disorders.

Historical Relativism in Classifying Mood Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Explaining and Treating Mood Disorders.

Biological Components.

Cognitive Components.

Behavioral Components.

Psychodynamic Components.

Sociocultural and Family Systems Components.

Multiple Causality of Mood Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 7. Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Dissociation.

The Importance of Context in Defining Dissociative Disorders.

Classifying Dissociative Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Dissociative.

Disorders.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Dissociative Disorder Diagnoses.

Explaining and Treating Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders.

Psychodynamic Components.

Behavioral Components.

Cognitive Components.

Biological Components.

The Multiple Causality of Dissociative Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 8. Eating, Weight, and the Eating Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Eating Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Eating.

The Importance of Context in Defining Abnormal Eating.

Classifying Eating Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Cultural Relativism in Defining and Classifying Eating Disorders.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Eating Disorder Diagnoses.

Explaining and Treating Eating Disorders.

Psychodynamic Components.

Family Systems Components.

Cognitive-Behavioral Components.

Sociocultural Components.

Biological Components.

The Connection Between Mind and Body in Eating Disorders.

The Multiple Causality of Eating Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 9. Drug Use and the Substance Use Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Substance Use Disorders.

The Importance of Context in Defining Substance Use Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Substance Use.

Classifying Substance Use Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Substance Use Disorders.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Diagnoses.

Commonly Abused Substances.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Explaining and Treating Substance Use Disorders.

Biological Components.

Sociocultural and Family Systems Components.

Behavioral Components.

Cognitive Components.

Psychodynamic Components.

The Twelve-Step Approach.

Multiple Causality and the Connection Between Mind and Body in Substance Use

Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Appendix. Histories of Some Commonly Abused Substances.

Chapter 10. Sex, Gender, and the Sexual Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Sexual Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Sexuality and the Importance of Context in Defining Abnormality.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Sexual Disorders.

Classifying Sexual Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Explaining and Treating Sexual Disorders: The Paraphilias.

Psychodynamic Components.

Cognitive-Behavioral Components.

Biological Components.

Gender Identity Disorders.

Explaining Gender Identity Disorders.

Biological Components.

Psychodynamic Components.

Behavioral Components.

Sociocultural and Family Systems Components.

The Principle of Multiple Causality in Gender Identity Disorders.

Treating Gender Identity Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 11. Personality and the Personality Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Personality and the Personality Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Personality.

Classifying, Explaining, and Treating Personality Disorders.

Paranoid Personality Disorder.

Schizoid Personality Disorder.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder.

Antisocial Personality Disorder.

Borderline Personality Disorder.

Histrionic Personality Disorder.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder.

Avoidant Personality Disorder.

Dependent Personality Disorder.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Personality.

Disorders.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Personality Disorder Diagnoses.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 12. Psychosis and Schizophrenia.

Case Vignette.

Defining Psychosis and Schizophrenia.

Classifying Psychosis and Schizophrenia.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Schizophrenia.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Explaining and Treating Schizophrenia.

Biological Components.

Psychodynamic Components.

Cognitive Components.

Behavioral Components.

Family Systems Components.

Sociocultural Components.

The Multiple Causality of Schizophrenia.

Case Vignette-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 13. Lifespan Development: Disorders of Childhood and Old Age.

Part One. Disorders Of Childhood.

Case Vignettes.

Defining Disorders of Childhood.

The Importance of Context in Defining and Understanding Childhood Disorders.

The Continuum Between Normal and Abnormal Childhood Behavior.

Classifying, Explaining, and Treating Disorders of Childhood.

Mental Retardation.

Learning Disorders.

Pervasive Developmental Disorders.

Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders.

Separation Anxiety Disorder.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Childhood Diagnoses.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Childhood

Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Part Two. Disorders Of Old Age.

Case Vignette.

Defining and Classifying Disorders of Old Age.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

Explaining and Treating Disorders of Old Age.

Delirium.

Dementia.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Case Vignette-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

Chapter 14. Psychological Stress and Physical Disorders.

Case Vignettes.

Psychophysiology: Defining Psychological Stress.

Cognitive Appraisal of Stress.

Categorizing Stressors.

Life Events.

Chronic Stress.

Daily Hassles.

Catastrophic Events.

Explaining Stress and Health: Psychophysiological Disorders.

Psychological Stress and Unhealthy Behaviors.

Psychological Stress and Adverse Physiological Reactions.

Psychological Stress, Personality Traits, and Health.

Reducing Stress and Treating Psychophysiological Disorders.

Relaxation Techniques.

Biofeedback.

Cognitive Retraining.

Social Support.

Defining the Somatoform Disorders.

Classifying the Somatoform Disorders.

The DSM-IV-TR Categories.

The Advantages and Limitations of the DSM-IV-TR Somatoform Diagnoses.

Cultural and Historical Relativism in Defining and Classifying Somatoform

Disorders.

Classification in Demographic Context.

Explaining and Treating the Somatoform Disorders.

Psychodynamic Components.

Cognitive-Behavioral Components.

Sociocultural Components.

Biological Components.

The Connection Between Mind and Body in Somatoform Disorders.

Case Vignettes-Treatment.

Chapter Summary.

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