Academic Tribes And Territories / Edition 2

Academic Tribes And Territories / Edition 2

by Tony Becher, Paul Trowler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0335206271

ISBN-13: 9780335206278

Pub. Date: 10/01/2001

Publisher: Open University Press

How do academics perceive themselves and colleagues in their own disciplines, and how do they rate those in other subjects? How closely related are their intellectual tasks and their ways of organizing their professional lives? What are the interconnections between academic cultures and the nature of disciplines? Academic Tribes and Territories maps academic

Overview

How do academics perceive themselves and colleagues in their own disciplines, and how do they rate those in other subjects? How closely related are their intellectual tasks and their ways of organizing their professional lives? What are the interconnections between academic cultures and the nature of disciplines? Academic Tribes and Territories maps academic knowledge and explores the diverse characteristics of those who inhabit and cultivate it.

This second edition provides a thorough update to Tony Becher's classic text, first published in 1989, and incorporates research findings and new theoretical perspectives. Fundamental changes in the nature of higher education and in the academic's role are reviewed and their significance for academic cultures is assessed. This edition moves beyond the first edition's focus on elite universities and the research role to examine academic cultures in lower status institutions internationally and to place a new emphasis on issues of gender and ethnicity. This second edition successfully renews a classic in the field of higher education.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780335206278
Publisher:
Open University Press
Publication date:
10/01/2001
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
258
Product dimensions:
0.54(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Editionix
Preface to the Second Editionxiii
Abbreviationsxvi
1Landscapes, Tribal Territories and Academic Cultures1
HE in the post-industrial environment1
The globalized landscape2
The phenomenon of massification4
The regulatory state6
The triple helix7
Marketizing knowledge8
Economy, efficiency and effectiveness10
Patterns of growth and fragmentation14
Changing landscapes, shifting territories15
Levels of analysis19
Note22
2Points of Departure23
Relating tribes and territories23
The source material25
Academic cultures and structural location27
Some landmarks in the argument28
The pieces of the patchwork29
Restrictions and paradigms31
Knowledge as portrayed by the knower33
Characteristics of subject matter35
Notes40
3Academic Disciplines41
The nature of a discipline41
Disciplines and organizational structures41
Global disciplines: unity and diversity43
Tribalism and tradition44
Disciplinary socialization47
Some relevant writings51
Some complicating factors54
Notes57
4Overlaps, Boundaries and Specialisms58
Adjoining territories58
Areas of common ground60
The cause of unification62
Disciplines under the microscope64
The notion of a specialism65
Some social considerations68
Some cognitive considerations70
Types of specialization71
Frames of reference72
Notes73
5Aspects of Community Life75
The quest for recognition75
The way to get on78
Pecking orders, elites and the Matthew effect81
Leading academics, gatekeepers and the exercise of power84
Peer review and the process of validation86
Networks and social circles90
The influence of fashion95
Reactions to innovative ideas97
The revolutionary and the normal100
Notes101
6Patterns of Communication104
The life-blood of academia104
Population density105
Urban and rural scenarios106
Informal communication channels108
Formal modes of interchange110
Speed, frequency and length of publication112
Citation practices and their implications114
Questions of style and accessibility116
Competition118
Collaboration122
Controversy126
Some significant distinctions128
Notes129
7Academic Careers131
Personality and environment131
Recruitment and the choice of specialisms134
The achievement of independence136
The mid-life crisis140
The end-point of active research144
Personal matters147
Women's academic careers149
Race, ethnicity and academic careers153
Notes156
8The Wider Context159
The academy in the marketplace159
Academics as social animals161
Outside influences on specialist groups165
Disciplinary status and power170
Knowledge domains and social relevance176
Notes179
9Implications for Theory and Practice181
Tidying up the categories181
The basic dimensions183
Applying the taxonomy186
Connections between categories189
A further note on status191
Diversity and its consequences194
Managerialist intervention and academic autonomy200
Mutual understandings and common causes204
Notes206
AppendixData for the Initial Study208
Subject coverage208
Methods of data collection208
Variables in the research design211
Bibliography213
Index236
The Society for Research into Higher Education239

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