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Posted November 14, 2008
A few months before 23 July 1952 coup d'etat, king Farouk examined the possibility to form a military cabinet composed of the `loyal' elements in the Army and the `clean' Civilians. The Cabinet was to be headed by Mustapha el Maraghi. <BR/><BR/>The King initially was thinking to bring General Fouad Sadik to head the cabinet, but Sadik-who fought in Palestine, 1948- could not give him the necessary confidence because he had talkative habits, implying readiness to engage in talk -with the Divan- to enjoy conversation with those `no need to know'. <BR/><BR/>General Mohamed Najib was suggested but the King refused him on suspicions that the General was `believed' to have had contacts with the young Free Officers movement - in the palace parlance often referred to as `an insignificant movement of reckless and over enthusiastic boys'. In fact King Farouk twice refused General Najib, when 1) Ahmad Naguib Hilali Pasha and 2) Hussein Serri Pasha, proposed Najib's candidacy to come as minister of defence. <BR/><BR/>King Farouk confided his plans to the Brazilian Ambassador to Egypt and told him he wanted to make a `White Coup' in October 1952 the moment he came back from vacationing in Europe during the summer. <BR/><BR/>King Farouk's plan was one a) to form strong `Palace' cabinet composed of a group of trusted military and civilian individuals of high calibre and `clean' records b) Mustapha el Maraghi - a dynamic man of experience as Mayor and Internal Security administrator - was to head the new cabinet c) to suspend the constitution for two years d) to postpone any parliamentary elections for two years e) the King would be the virtual power behind the new cabinet to be able to institutionalize all essential and long standing reforms like Land Distribution - including large tracts owned by the King - to the Fellaheen, Taxation, Education and many other welfare - equal opportunities - projects to improve the decaying standard of living of a population that was rapidly increasing. <BR/><BR/>The King decided to do all the above in October 1952 after returning from vacation in Europe. <BR/><BR/>Time ran him out and he was forced to abdicate in July 1952...Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.