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Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management
     

Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management

by Deborah G. Mayo, Rachelle D. Hollander
 

ISBN-10: 0195063724

ISBN-13: 9780195063721

Pub. Date: 04/01/1991

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focussed on the entry of values in judging risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. This volume instead concentrates on the entry of values in collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, issues of the acceptability of evidence of risk. By focusing on

Overview

Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focussed on the entry of values in judging risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. This volume instead concentrates on the entry of values in collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, issues of the acceptability of evidence of risk. By focusing on acceptable evidence, this volume avoids two barriers to progress: views that assume that evidence of risk is largely a matter of objective scientific data and therefore uncontroversial, and views that assume that evidence of risk is ineluctably a matter of values and therefore not amenable to reasoned critique. This volume denies both extremes. It argues for a more constructive conclusion: that understanding the interrelations of scientific with value issues enables a critical scrutiny of risk assessments. This volume analyzes environmental and medical controversies, and assumptions underlying views about risk assessment and the scientific and statistical models used in risk management. Contributors include philosophers, policy analysts, and natural and social scientists.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195063721
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
04/01/1991
Series:
Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.38(w) x 9.56(h) x 1.14(d)

Table of Contents

Introductionxi
IPerceiving and Communicating Risk Evidence
Introduction3
1.Hidden Hazards9
2.Acceptable Evidence in a Pluralistic Society29
3.Beyond Numbers: A Broader Perspective on Risk Perception and Risk Communication48
4.Guidelines for Communicating Information About Chemical Risks Effectively and Responsibly66
IIUncertain Evidence in Risk Management
Introduction93
5.Risk Assessment and Risk Management: An Uneasy Divorce99
6.Understanding Uncertainties in Medical Evidence: Professional and Public Responsibilities115
7.Evidential, Ethical, and Policy Disputes: Admissible Evidence in Radioactive Waste Management137
8.Expert Claims and Social Decisions: Science, Politics, and Responsibility160
IIIPhilosophy and Scientific Evidence
Introduction177
9.Knowledge, Values, and Technological Decisions: A Decision Theoretic Approach183
10.Causing Harm: Epidemiological and Physiological Concepts of Causation204
11.Reductionist Approaches to Risk218
12.Sociological Versus Metascientific Views of Risk Assessment249
Contributors281
Index283

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