The Accidental Republic: Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Remaking of American Law

The Accidental Republic: Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Remaking of American Law

by John Fabian Witt
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0674012674

ISBN-13: 9780674012677

Pub. Date: 02/01/2004

Publisher: Harvard University Press

In the five decades after the Civil War, the United States witnessed a profusion of legal institutions designed to cope with the nation's exceptionally acute industrial accident crisis. Jurists elaborated the common law of torts. Workingmen's organizations founded a widespread system of cooperative insurance. Leading employers instituted welfare-capitalist accident

Overview

In the five decades after the Civil War, the United States witnessed a profusion of legal institutions designed to cope with the nation's exceptionally acute industrial accident crisis. Jurists elaborated the common law of torts. Workingmen's organizations founded a widespread system of cooperative insurance. Leading employers instituted welfare-capitalist accident relief funds. And social reformers advocated compulsory insurance such as workmen's compensation.

John Fabian Witt argues that experiments in accident law at the turn of the twentieth century arose out of competing views of the loose network of ideas and institutions that historians call the ideology of free labor. These experiments a century ago shaped twentieth- and twenty-first-century American accident law; they laid the foundations of the American administrative state; and they occasioned a still hotly contested legal transformation from the principles of free labor to the categories of insurance and risk. In this eclectic moment at the beginnings of the modern state, Witt describes American accident law as a contingent set of institutions that might plausibly have developed along a number of historical paths. In turn, he suggests, the making of American accident law is the story of the equally contingent remaking of our accidental republic.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674012677
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
02/01/2004
Pages:
322
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

1. Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Crisis of Free Labor

2. The Dilemmas of Classical Tort Law

3. The Cooperative Insurance Movement

4. From Markets to Managers

5. Widows, Actuaries, and the Logics of Social Insurance

6. The Passion of William Werner

7. The Accidental Republic

Conclusion

Notes

Acknowledgments

Index

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