Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940-1945

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In this book Mark Harrison rebuilds and analyses the Soviet economy's wartime statistical record, examining its prewar size and composition, and wartime changes in GNP, employment, the defence burden, and the role of foreign aid. Complementing classic long-run growth studies, the book compares the Soviet experience with that of other great powers. It emphasises the severity of current costs and capital losses arising from the war, which had a negative effect on GNP that persisted well after 1945. The results are based on a comprehensive analysis of hitherto closed official documents, throwing new light on the dimensions of the Soviet war effort, the comparative economics of the war, and its long-term impact on the Soviet economy.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...good social history really requires rigorous empirical studies such as this as part of its foundations....Here all historians, not just specialist economists, can make valuable use of this book." Donald Filtzer, International Labor and Working Class History

"Although much of its analysis is highly technical, the book's purpose and methodology are clearly articulated in the introductory chapters and its conclusions are clearly and convincingly summarized....Accounting for War is a valuable contribution to the macro-economic history of the Soviet Union during the Second World War." David R. Costello, The Journal of Military History

"The author's treatment of the issues in this sense should be of interest to all scholars in the field....It will also prove useful as a reference to other students of the Soviet period." Robert Argenbright, The Russian Review

"Harrison demonstrates, with this book, his mastery of the western literature, his knowledge of Russian language sources, and, most importantly, his ability to use the Soviet archives." Paul R. Gregory, International History Review

"...the book tackles the essential measurement issues. Mark Harrison presents an industrial output index that is superior to any previous effort." Book Reviews

"...will be respected by all who work in this field...." Robert Campbell, American Historical Review

"This is an extremely important book.... This book is the only critical account of one of the most important economic topics of twentieth-century histtory. ...this bookis a remarkable tour de force opening up for serious academic investigation an important area that had previously only been studied at the superficial level of anecdotes and selective revalations." Stephen G. Wheatcroft, Journal of Modern History

"Accounting for War is clearly reasoned, carefully executed, and based on original archival research. It marks a significant advance in our knowledge of Soviet economic history." Robert C. Allen, Journal of Economic History

"A fine example of the British school of economic history, this book represents the first reliable reconstruction and superb analysis of Soviet wartime national accounts...A valuable contribution to Soviet economic history, Accounting for War will surely become a standard reference work on the subject." Canadian Slavonic Papers, Serhy Yekelchyk, University of Alberta

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Mark Harrison writes about the history and economics of Russia, conflict, defence and security. He is a Professor of Economics at the University of Warwick. He is also a research fellow of the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Birmingham and of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University.

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Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
List of abbreviations and acronyms
Guide to national accounts
Note on index number relativity
Introduction 1
1 The research agenda 6
2 An inside view 17
3 Measuring Soviet GNP 39
4 Industry 58
5 GNP and the defence burden 91
6 The Alliance 128
7 War losses 155
8 Conclusion 170
App. A Price deflators 173
App. B Defence industry production 179
App. C Civilian industry production 194
App. D From gross output to value added 205
App. E Cross-checks on defence industry trends 218
App. F An input/output table 233
App. G Industrial employment 254
App. H Agricultural production 261
App. I The workforce 266
App. J Foreign trade and aid 274
App. K Defence outlays 281
App. L Defence requirements 286
App. M Human capital costs 292
App. N The trend in GNP 295
Notes 306
Bibliography 322
Index 333
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