Achievement Inequality and the Institutional Structure of Educational Systems: A Comparative Perspective

Achievement Inequality and the Institutional Structure of Educational Systems: A Comparative Perspective

by Herman G. Van de Werfhorst, Jonathan J.B. Mijs
     
 

We review the comparative literature on the impact of national-level educational institutions on inequality in student achievement. We focus on two types of institutions that characterize the educational system of a country: the system of school-type differentiation (between-school tracking) and the level of standardization (e.g., with regard to central examinations… See more details below

Overview

We review the comparative literature on the impact of national-level educational institutions on inequality in student achievement. We focus on two types of institutions that characterize the educational system of a country: the system of school-type differentiation (between-school tracking) and the level of standardization (e.g., with regard to central examinations and school autonomy). Two types of inequality are examined: inequality in terms of dispersion of student test scores and inequality of opportunity by social background and race/ethnicity. We conclude from this literature, which mostly uses PISA, TIMSS, and/or PIRLS data, that inequalities are magnified by national-level tracking institutions and that standardization decreases inequality. Methodological issues are discussed, and possible avenues for further research are suggested.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2940013432291
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Publication date:
09/23/2011
Series:
Annual Review of Sociology , #36
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
21
File size:
6 MB

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