Achieving Energy Independence - One Step at a Time

Achieving Energy Independence - One Step at a Time

by Jeffrey R. Yago, Jeffrey Yago

ISBN-10: 0966933605

ISBN-13: 9780966933604

Pub. Date: 10/01/1999

Publisher: Dunimis Technology, Incorporated

Product Details

Dunimis Technology, Incorporated
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.55(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter IWhat is the Grid?1
Chapter IIIdentifying Your Power Needs7
Appliance Inventory9
Effects of Time on Energy Usage10
Air Conditioning Loads11
Lighting Loads13
Heating Appliance Loads18
Clothes Washing and Drying19
Chapter IIIParasitic Electric Loads21
Example of Parasitic Loads22
Chapter IVRefrigeration25
Chapter VWater, Water, Everywhere29
Well Pumps29
Expansion Tanks30
Expansion Tank Sizing31
Water Filters32
Bacteria Filters34
Chapter VIUnderstanding the Basics37
Utility kWh Meters39
Demand Charges39
Appliance Efficiency Effects41
Electric Motors42
Ac Motor Operation42
Dc Motor Operation42
Chapter VIIBackup Power System Types45
Portable Generators45
Battery Power45
Inverter Power47
Solar Power48
Wind Power48
Chapter VIIIBatteries and Battery Charging51
Battery Types52
Battery Sizes52
Battery Charging54
Battery Equalization56
Periodic Battery Maintenance57
Battery Location59
Chapter IXInverters63
What Inverters will Not do65
Inverter Sizes67
Inverter Input Current and Voltage68
Packaged Inverters72
Larger Voltage Loads74
Chapter XSolar Insolation and PV Arrays77
Solar Modules and Solar Arrays79
Higher Voltage Modules80
Photovoetaic Cell Types81
Solar Modules as Roofs83
How Does it Work?85
Chapter XISolar Battery Charging87
Solar Charging VS. Generator Charging88
Array Wiring88
Charge Controller89
Array Ground Fault89
Bypass Diode90
Blocking Diode90
Arrays for Outbuilding Lighting91
Arrays for Battery Charging92
Sizing a PV Array93
Array Mounting94
Chapter XIILifestyle Changes95
Chapter XIIIWhere do I Start?101
Step 1Your First Assignment - Lighting101
Step 2Your Second Assignment - Appliances103
Step 3Reduce Standby Loads103
Step 4Buy Your Backup Power Equipment!104
Chapter XIVBasic Wiring System Layouts111
Weekend Cabin - DC Only112
Weekend Cabin - AC Option114
Temporary Emergency Backup117
Backup Power System - 4,000 Watts120
Off-Grid Solar System - 4,000 Watts123
Off-Grid Solar System - 8,000 Watts126
Wind Charging Option133
Solar Powered Farm Well Pump136
Chapter XVWire Sizing143
Wire Color Codes144
Wire Size Verses Resistance Loss144
Wire Size Verses Temperature145
Wire Size Verses Conduit145
Wire Size Verses Safety146
Wire Size Verses Circuit Breaker and Fuse Size147
Fuses Verses Circuit Breakers147
Switching Electric Power148
Preliminary Wire Sizing Guide149
Chapter XVIClosing Thoughts151
Helpful Conversion Factors1
"Rule of Thumb" Guidelines2
Table: #1Electrical Loads by Time Periods4
Table: #2Watt - Hours by Time Period5
Table: #3Appliance Electrical Loads6
Table: #4Friction Loss Per 100 Feet of PVC11
Table: #5Battery State of Charge13
Table: #6Maximum Wire Amperage15
Table: #72% Wire Loss Table16
Table: #8Battery Bank Sizes and Wiring18
Table: #9Dimensions of Solar PV Panels19
Table: #10Simplified Method20
Table: #10Example23
Other Information Sources26

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