Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils: Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation

Overview

Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems

Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for ...

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Overview

Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems

Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for recovering valuable resources from acid mine drainage, including bioleaching.

Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reviews the most current findings in the field, offering new insights into the underlying causes as well as new tools to minimize the harm of acid drainage:

  • Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils focuses on the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in different environments.
  • Part II: Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils covers stream characterization, aquatic and biological sampling, evaluation of aquatic resources, and some unusual aspects of sulfide oxidation.
  • Part III: Prediction and Prevention of Acid Drainage discusses acid-base accounting, kinetic testing, block modeling, petrology, and mineralogy studies. It also explains relevant policy and regulations.
  • Part IV: Remediation of Acid Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils examines both passive and active cleanup methods to remediate acid drainage.

Case studies from a variety of geologic settings highlight various approaches to analyzing and solving acid drainage problems. Replete with helpful appendices and an extensive list of web resources, Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils is recommended for mining engineers and scientists, regulatory officials, environmental scientists, land developers, and students.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470487860
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/5/2014
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 520

Meet the Author

JAMES A. JACOBS is Chief Hydrogeologist of Clearwater Group in Point Richmond, California. He is a Fulbright Senior Scholar, having won four awards between 2003 and 2012. He is coauthor of three other environmental books and has served as an expert witness in a variety of resource and environmental contamination cases. He is an instructor for the University of California, Berkeley Extension Program, teaching a class on sustainable remediation methods for soil and water.

JAY H. LEHR received a degree in geological engineering from Princeton and a PhD in groundwater hydrology from the University of Arizona. He is the coauthor of 30 books relating to environmental science and water supply. He edited the journal Groundwater for 25 years. He is currently the Science Director of the Heartland Institute, a free market think tank in Chicago, Illinois.

STEPHEN M. TESTA is currently the Executive Officer of the California State Mining and Geology Board and past president of the American Geosciences Institute, American Institute of Professional Geologists, American Association of Petroleum Geologists (Energy Minerals Division), and Los Angeles Basin Geological Society. Mr. Testa was a consultant for over 30 years and served as an instructor at the University of Southern California and California State University, Fullerton.

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Table of Contents

PART I. CAUSES OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE AND SULFATE SOILS

1.1 Acid Drainage and Sulfide Oxidation: An Introduction
James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa

1.2 Vitriols in Antiquity
Stephen M. Testa

1.3 Biogeochemistry of Acid Drainage
James A. Jacobs and David Vance

1.4 Trace Element Geochemistry and Acid Rock Drainage
Bruce W. Downing and John Gravel

1.5 The Microbiology of Acid Drainage
Bruce W. Downing

1.6 Natural Acid Rock Generation, Drainage and Metal Leaching: Impact on Exploration, Mining and Reclamation
Bruce W. Downing

1.7 The Sulfur Cycle, Acid Drainage and Beyond
David Vance

PART II. ASSESSMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE AND SULFATE SOILS

2.1 Sampling Strategies for Acid Drainage Studies
James A. Jacobs

2.2 Stream Characterization for Acid Mine Drainage
Jeff Skousen and James A. Jacobs

2.3 Overview of Soil and Groundwater Sampling Methods for Acid Drainage Studies
James A. Jacobs

2.4 Acid Drainage Sampling Design and Sample Preparation
Bruce W. Downing

2.5 Acid Drainage and Aquatic Resources
Dennis Neuman, Stuart R. Jennings and James A. Jacobs

2.6 Metals Associated with Acid Rock Drainage and Their Effect on Fish Health and Ecosystems
Dennis Neuman, Peter J. Brown, and Stuart R. Jennings

2.7 Biological Sampling and Inventory Process
Jeff Skousen, Craig Mains and James A. Jacobs

2.8 Climate Change, Permafrost, Glaciers and Acid Drainage
Bruce W. Downing and James A. Jacobs

2.9 Acid Sulfate Soils
James A. Jacobs

2.10 Prevention of Arsenic Mobilization related to Sulfide Oxidation in Aquifers
Mark S. Pearce, Mike Waldron, and James A. Jacobs

PART III. PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE AND SULFATE SOILS

3.1 Overview of Acid Drainage Prediction and Prevention
Stuart R. Jennings and James Jacobs

3.2 Acid Base Accounting Associated with Acid Rock Drainage
Bruce W. Downing

3.3 Acid Base Accounting Test Procedures
Bruce W. Downing

3.4. Kinetic Testing Procedures
Bruce W. Downing

3.5 Kinetic Testing Data Interpretation
Bruce W. Downing

3.6 Block Modeling and Acid Rock Drainage Prediction
Bruce W Downing and Gary Giroux

3.7 Lithogeochemical Methods for Acid Rock Drainage Prediction
Bruce W. Downing and Hans E. Madeisky

3.8 Predicting Acid Rock Drainage based on Mineralogy and Petrology Studies
Shannon Shaw and Bruce W. Downing

3.9 Management and Analysis of Acid Drainage Data
Bruce W. Downing

3.10 Acid Generation and Drainage Workshop
Jeff Skousen, Paul Ziemkiewicz and James A. Jacobs

3.11 Mine Reclamation Policy and Regulations of Selected Jurisdictions
James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa

PART IV. REMEDIATION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE AND SULFATE SOILS

4.1 Overview Of Acid Mine Drainage Treatment With Chemicals
Jeff Skousen

4.2 Passive Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage
Carl Zipper and Jeff Skousen

4.3 The Iron Mountain Mine in Shasta County, California
James A. Jacobs and Stephen M. Testa

4.4 Overview of Resources from Acid Drainage and Post-Mining Opportunities
James A. Jacobs

4.5 Systematic Land Reclamation Assessment at Acid Mine Drainage Sites
Pamela S. Blicker, Dennis R. Neuman, Stuart R. Jennings and James A. Jacobs

4.6 Resource Recovery
Stephen M. Testa

4.7 Case Studies for Acid Mine Drainage
James A. Jacobs

4.8 Sustainable Aquaculture using Treated and Untreated Mine Water from Coal Mines
Kenneth J. Semmens and James A. Jacobs

PART V. REFERENCES

5.1 Web Resources for Acid Drainage Issues

PART VI. INDEX

PART VII. APPENDICES

Appendix A – Acronyms

Appendix B – Glossary of Acid Drainage Terms

Appendix C – Chemical Equilibrium Diagrams

Appendix D – Core Loges and Hydrogeologic Procedures

Appendix E – Conversions

Appendix F – Nomenclature of Iron

Appendix G - Summary of US EPA Method 1627 Kinetic Test Procedures

Appendix H – Acid Mine Drainage Remediation Decision Tree

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