Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills / Edition 1

Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills / Edition 1

by Terry McMorris
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0470849940

ISBN-13: 9780470849941

Pub. Date: 05/14/2004

Publisher: Wiley

Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills provides students with the theoretical and practical background that is necessary for an understanding of the basics of skill acquisition and performance. This understanding is founded on the student's existing knowledge of sport and leads into the subject, using a student centred, problem-solving approach. The first half

Overview

Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills provides students with the theoretical and practical background that is necessary for an understanding of the basics of skill acquisition and performance. This understanding is founded on the student's existing knowledge of sport and leads into the subject, using a student centred, problem-solving approach. The first half of the book examines the nature of sports performance and the second, skill acquisition. There is currently a debate among researchers into psychomotor learning: the ecological versus the cognitive approach. Because this book is aimed clearly at students taking a first course in the subject the author includes examples from both schools of thought thus ensuring a balanced approach. Written by an author with many years teaching, research and practical coaching experience Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills will prove invaluable for students of sport and exercise science taking a first course in skill acquisition, motor learning and/or motor control.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470849941
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
05/14/2004
Series:
Wiley SportText Series, #1
Pages:
316
Product dimensions:
7.74(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Series Prefacexi
Prologuexiii
1Skill, Ability and Performance1
Learning Objectives1
Introduction2
Skill2
Classification of skills5
Ability7
The ability--skill interaction10
Summary12
Theories of performance12
Information Processing Theory13
Ecological psychology theories17
Conclusion21
Key points21
Test your knowledge25
Part 125
Part 227
Additional reading29
2Perception31
Learning Objectives31
Introduction32
Information Processing Theory and perception32
Signal Detection Theory33
Pattern recognition36
Selective attention37
Visual search41
Individual differences42
Summary45
Ecological psychology and perception45
Criticisms of the ecological approach50
Summary50
Conclusion50
Key points51
Test your knowledge55
Part 155
Part 259
Additional reading61
3Decision Making63
Learning Objectives63
Introduction64
Information Processing Theory and decision making64
Individual differences68
Dynamical Systems Theory and goal achievement69
Research findings and problems with research design70
Conclusion73
Implications for coaches and players73
Key points74
Test your knowledge76
Part 176
Part 277
Additional reading78
4Reaction Time79
Learning Objectives79
Introduction80
Inter- and intra-individual differences82
Hick-Hyman Law84
Probability and choice reaction time85
Psychological refractory period86
Arousal and reaction time87
Stimulus and response factors88
Reaction-time research findings as evidence for Information Processing Theory91
Key points91
Test your knowledge94
Part 194
Part 296
Additional reading97
5Anticipation99
Learning Objectives99
Introduction100
Interceptive actions100
Information Processing Theory and interceptive actions100
Action Systems Theory and interceptive actions102
Perceptual anticipation104
Information Processing Theory and perceptual anticipation104
Ecological psychology and perceptual anticipation105
Research paradigms in perceptual anticipation105
Conclusion110
Key points110
Test your knowledge113
Part 1113
Part 2115
Additional reading116
6Memory117
Learning Objectives117
Introduction118
Information Processing Theory and memory118
Sensory information store118
Short-term memory119
Short-term motor memory122
Long-term memory124
Ecological psychology and attunement to affordances126
Key points127
Test your knowledge130
Part 1130
Part 2132
Additional reading133
7Motor Control135
Learning Objectives135
Introduction136
Information Processing Theory and motor control137
CNS-PNS interaction137
Efferent organization143
Ecological psychology and motor control148
Visual guidance of movement150
Discussion152
Key points155
Test your knowledge158
Part 1158
Part 2161
Additional reading162
8Learning163
Learning Objectives163
Introduction164
Measuring learning164
Information Processing Theory and learning169
Instruction171
Cognitivist theories of learning174
Dynamical Systems Theory and learning180
Developmental factors affecting learning182
Cognitive development183
Motor development186
Optimal periods of learning188
Practical implications189
Key points191
Test your knowledge196
Part 1196
Part 2197
Part 3199
Part 4201
Additional reading202
9Practice203
Learning Objectives203
Introduction204
Information Processing Theory and practice204
Types of practice204
Transfer of training211
Feedback216
Timing and precision of feedback218
Dynamical Systems Theory and practice221
Practical implications224
Key points228
Test your knowledge232
Part 1232
Part 2237
Part 3238
Additional reading239
10Arousal and Performance241
Learning Objectives241
Introduction242
Inverted-U theories243
Yerkes--Dodson Theory243
Easterbook's cue utilization theory245
Drive Theory246
Allocateable Resources Theories248
Practical implications249
Warm-up decrement249
Warm-up250
Key points251
Test your knowledge253
Part 1253
Part 2255
Additional reading256
11Conclusion257
Introduction257
State of the art257
Skill258
Abilities258
Perception259
Decision making259
Reaction time259
Anticipation260
Motor control260
Memory260
Learning260
Practice261
Information Processing Theory versus ecological psychology theories261
Appendix 1Writing an Academic Paper265
Appendix 2Glossary of Terms Used by Ecological Psychologists269
Appendix 3Test Your Knowledge Answers271
References287
Index293

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