Acting in an Uncertain World: An Essay on Technical Democracy

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Overview

Controversies over such issues as nuclear waste, genetically modified organisms, asbestos, tobacco, gene therapy, avian flu, and cell phone towers arise almost daily as rapid scientific and technological advances create uncertainty and bring about unforeseen concerns. The authors of Acting in an Uncertain World argue that political institutions must be expanded and improved to manage these controversies, to transform them into productive conversations, and to bring about "technical democracy." They show how "hybrid forums"—in which experts, non-experts, ordinary citizens, and politicians come together—reveal the limits of traditional delegative democracies, in which decisions are made by quasi-professional politicians and techno-scientific information is the domain of specialists in laboratories. The division between professionals and laypeople, the authors claim, is simply outmoded. The authors argue that laboratory research should be complemented by everyday experimentation pursued in the real world, and they describe various modes of cooperation between the two. They explore a range of concrete examples of hybrid forums that have dealt with sociotechnical controversies including nuclear waste disposal in France, industrial waste and birth defects in Japan, a childhood leukemia cluster in Woburn, Massachusetts, and mad cow disease in the United Kingdom. The authors discuss the implications for political decision making in general and describe a "dialogic" democracy that enriches traditional representative democracy. To invent new procedures for consultation and representation, they suggest, is to contribute to an endless process that is necessary for the ongoing democratization of democracy.

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What People Are Saying

Ash Amin

"This lucid and engaging book not only breathes new life into science and technology studies, but it also reinvents and re-enchants politics. It traces a new democratic politics of the unknown."--Ash Amin, Department of Geography, Durham University

From the Publisher
"In this provocative book, Michel Callon analyses the hybrid forums taking shape in the controversial sites where science overflows into the everyday world, where specialist knowledge is being challenged, new kinds of dialogic democracy are being born, and new styles of measured action are coming into being that enable human beings to reach decisions despite endemic uncertainty. Such a democratization of democracy could have implications far beyond the public understanding of science. The crucial contribution of this book is to suggest that this 'philosophy in the wild' could provide the basis for all who have to act in an uncertain world." Nikolas Rose , Martin White Professor of Sociology, and Director, BIOS Centre for the Study of Bioscience, Biomedicine,Biotechnology and Society, London School of Economics

"This lucid and engaging book not only breathes new life into science and technology studies, but also reinvents and re-enchants politics. It traces a new democratic politics of the unknown." Ash Amin , Department of Geography, Durham University

Ash Amin
"This lucid and engaging book not only breathes new life into science and technology studies, but it also reinvents and re-enchants politics. It traces a new democratic politics of the unknown."—Ash Amin, Department of Geography, Durham University
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262515962
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 1/31/2011
  • Series: Inside Technology
  • Pages: 304
  • Sales rank: 1,304,777
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Michel Callon, developer (with Bruno Latour and others) of Actor Network Theory,is Professor at the École des mines de Paris and a Researcher at the Centre de Sociologie de l'innovation there.

Pierre Lascoumes is Director of Research at CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientfique).

Yannick Barthe is a Researcher at CNRS (Centre national de la recherche scientifique) and a member of the Centre de sociologie de l'innovation.

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Table of Contents

Prologue 1

1 Hybrid Forums 13

2 Secluded Research 37

3 There's Always Someone More Specialist 71

4 In Search of a Common World 107

5 The Organization of Hybrid Forums 153

6 Measured Action, or How to Decide without Making a Definitive Decision 191

7 The Democratization of Democracy 225

Epilogue 255

Notes 267

Index 279

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