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Five years ago observers might have doubted that national foreign policies would continue to be of importance: it seemed inevitable that collective European positions were becoming ever more common and effective. Now the pendulum has swung back with a vengeance. The divided European responses to the prospect of war with Iraq in 1990-91, and to the war in the Balkans have made what happens in the national capitals seem divisive.
The Actors in Europe's Foreign Policy is a timely survey of the interplay between the European Union's Common Foreign and Security Policy and the long-established national foreign policies of the Union's Member-States. The book contains a chapter on each country in the Union as well as a chapter on the United States in its role as the 'thirteenth seat at the table'. There is also a chapter on the European Commission, whose role in the external relations of the Community steadily grew during the 1980's.
This book will be invaluable for students and scholars of the European Union and of international politics. It will also be of great interest to practitioners in all countries concerned with Europe's role in international affairs.
|List of contributors|
|Introduction: actors and actions||1|
|1||France: the impact of Francois Mitterrand||19|
|2||Germany's role in the CFSP: 'Normalitat' or 'Sonderweg'?||40|
|3||United Kingdom: sharpening contradictions||68|
|4||Regional reassertion: the dilemmas of Italy||90|
|5||Spain: the uses of foreign policy cooperation||108|
|6||The Commission: the struggle for legitimacy||130|
|7||Belgium: the importance of foreign policy to European political union||151|
|8||Denmark: a new activism in foreign and security policy||166|
|9||Greece: the limits to convergence||186|
|10||Ireland and common security: stretching the limits of commitment?||208|
|11||Luxembourg: new commitments, new assertiveness||226|
|12||The Netherlands: the weakening pull of Atlanticism||247|
|13||Portugal: pressing for an open Europe||268|
|Conclusions: the European rescue of national foreign policy?||288|