Acute Medicine Algorithms / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
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Overview

Acute Medical Algorithms is an original and compact text designed to aid the clinician in dealing with acute medical conditions. The book includes 70 algorithms -- either problem-orientated or related to specific conditions -- together with complementary notes and references. It will therefore be relevant to all grades of hospital doctors, and to medical students and family practitioners.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780192624604
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/1/1994
  • Series: Oxford Medical Publications Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 184
  • Product dimensions: 5.56 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
1 General 2
1.1 Basic resuscitation 2
1.2 Central venous catheter insertion 4
1.3 Fluid challenge 6
2 Respiratory 8
2.1 Upper airway obstruction 8
2.2 Acute dyspnoea 10
2.3 Acute respiratory failure 12
2.4 Acute asthma 14
2.5 Acute on chronic airflow limitation 16
2.6 Acute chest infection 18
2.7 Pneumothorax 22
2.8 Haemothorax/large pleural effusion 22
3 Cardiovascular 26
3.1 Cardiac arrest 26
3.2 Hypotension 30
3.3 Severe hypertension 34
3.4 Acute chest pain 36
3.5 Acute myocardial infarction 38
3.6 Bradyarrhythmia 42
3.7 Tachyarrhythmia 42
3.8 Severe left heart failure 46
3.9 Pulmonary embolus 50
4 Renal 52
4.1 Oliguria 52
4.2 Acute renal failure 52
4.3 Myoglobinuria/haemoglobinuria/haematuria 56
5 Metabolic 58
5.1 Hypernatraemia 58
5.2 Hyponatraemia 62
5.3 Hyperkalaemia 66
5.4 Hypokalaemia 66
5.5 Hypercalcaemia 70
5.6 Hypocalcaemia 72
5.7 Hyperthermia 74
5.8 Hypothermia 78
5.9 Metabolic acidosis 82
5.10 Metabolic alkalosis 84
6 Endocrine 86
6.1 Hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis 86
6.2 Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic non-ketotic crisis 86
6.3 Hypoglycaemia 90
6.4 Thyrotoxic crisis 92
6.5 Myxoedema coma 94
6.6 Hypoadrenal crisis 96
6.7 Hypopituitary crisis 98
7 Gastrointestinal 100
7.1 Gastrointestinal bleeding 100
7.2 Acute variceal haemorrhage 102
7.3 Acute abdominal pain 104
7.4 Severe vomiting 106
7.5 Severe diarrhoea 108
7.6 Fulminant hepatic failure 110
7.7 Acute on chronic hepatic failure 110
8 Neurological 114
8.1 The unconscious patient 114
8.2 Acute weakness 118
8.3 Severe headache and facial pain 120
8.4 Generalized seizures 122
8.5 Raised intracranial pressure 124
8.6 Acute cerebrovascular accident 128
8.7 Meningitis 132
8.8 Severe myasthenia 136
8.9 Tetanus 140
8.10 Brain stem death 142
8.11 Potential organ donor 144
9 Poisoning 146
9.1 Acute poisoning 146
9.2 Paracetamol poisoning 150
9.3 Salicylate poisoning 152
10 Miscellaneous 154
10.1 Acute confusional state 154
10.2 Acute anaemia 156
10.3 Pyrexia 158
10.4 Sepsis syndrome 162
10.5 Anaphylactoid reaction 166
Index 169
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