In more than thirty years, Charles Freeman's travels have taken him to most of the sites mentioned in The Greek Achievement, from Aphrodisias to Olympia, from Troy to Delphi. He has dug on all three continents surrounding the Mediterranean and served as academic director on summer schools on Renaissance Italy. His books include EGYPT, GREECE AND ROME; CIVILIZATIONS OF THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN; and LEGACIES OF THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS.
AD 381by Charles Freeman
In AD 381, Theodosius, emperor of the eastern Roman empire, issued a decree in which all his subjects were required to subscribe to a belief in the Trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This edict defined Christian orthodoxy and brought to an end a lively and/b>
A provoking and timely examination of one of the most important times in Church history.
In AD 381, Theodosius, emperor of the eastern Roman empire, issued a decree in which all his subjects were required to subscribe to a belief in the Trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This edict defined Christian orthodoxy and brought to an end a lively and wide-ranging debate about the nature of God; all other interpretations were now declared heretical. It was the first time in a thousand years of Greco-Roman civilization free thought was unambiguously suppressed. Yet surprisingly, the popular histories claim that the Christian Church reached a consensus on the Trinity at the Council of Constantinople in AD 381. Why has Theodosius's revolution been airbrushed from the historical record?
In this groundbreaking new book, acclaimed historian Charles Freeman shows that the council was in fact a sham, only taking place after Theodosius's decree had become law. The Church was acquiescing in the overwhelming power of the emperor. Freeman argues that Theodosius's edict and the subsequent suppression of paganism not only brought an end to the diversity of religious and philosophical beliefs throughout the empire, but created numerous theological problems for the Church, which have remained unsolved. The year AD 381, as Freeman puts it, was "a turning point which time forgot."
- The Overlook Press
- Publication date:
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- Barnes & Noble
- NOOK Book
- File size:
- 663 KB
- Age Range:
- 18 Years
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If you ignore the writer's bias (irritating at times but normal), contains a great deal of detail on how, for hundreds of years, both church and state interacted in trying to resolve the consistently trying question of the Trinity, and the status of Jesus. Will disturb those with beliefs that the Trinity was/is self evident, but very good for those searching for understanding and facing the same fog as so many still combat. Written in a very readable manner for those with strong interest.
This is the third book I have read by Freeman, and as I have an interest in Roman Period, and Constantine in particular, I have found his writings exquisite. His style is very informal and at the same time documented well. It is never a dull read, but I must say it would help the reader to have some basic understanding of the Period and players. I cannot what to read the next book on my list from Freeman.