Adaptive Technologies for Learning and Work Environments (Second Edition) / Edition 2

Adaptive Technologies for Learning and Work Environments (Second Edition) / Edition 2

by Joseph J. Lazzaro
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0838908047

ISBN-13: 9780838908044

Pub. Date: 08/28/2001

Publisher: American Library Association

Lazzaro draws on the universal mainstream technology and tells how to match it with adaptive technology, allowing persons with disabilities to work side-by-side with nondisabled users.

Overview

Lazzaro draws on the universal mainstream technology and tells how to match it with adaptive technology, allowing persons with disabilities to work side-by-side with nondisabled users.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780838908044
Publisher:
American Library Association
Publication date:
08/28/2001
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
204
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.02(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsix
Introductionxi
1Personal Computer Hardware Basics1
Who Should Read This Chapter?2
Computer Hardware2
The Central Processing Unit2
Memory3
Input Devices4
Output Devices6
Storage Devices7
Expansion Slots and Circuit Cards9
Input/Output Ports11
Modems12
Portable PCs13
Notebook Computers13
Palmtop Computers14
Global Positioning Systems14
Selecting a Personal Computer14
2Driving the Computer from the Keyboard17
The Graphical User Interface17
Standardization18
Starting Windows and Basic Navigation20
Logging In20
Navigating with the TAB Key21
Selecting Objects with the Enter Key21
The Start Button Hot Key22
Switching from One Application to Another22
Menu Navigation23
Shutting Down Applications23
Native Accessibility Utilities23
Utility Manager24
Control Panel Accessibility Utilities25
Active Accessibility26
Accessibility Utilities across Platforms26
3Technology for Persons with Vision Impairments28
Speech-Synthesis Engines28
Sound Cards29
Screen Readers29
Screen-Reader Commands31
Narrator32
Magnification Systems33
Low-Vision Aids33
Large Monitors33
Closed-Circuit Television Systems34
Handheld CCTV Systems34
Head-Mounted CCTV Systems35
Magnification Software35
Magnifier36
Braille Systems36
Braille Basics36
Braille Translation Software37
Braille Printers38
Braille Displays38
Braille Note Takers39
Optical Character Recognition Systems39
Scanning Text into Your Computer40
4Technology for Persons Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing42
Text Telephones43
Cordless and Cellular Phones43
Text-Telephone Etiquette44
Text Telephones and the Americans with Disabilities Act44
Braille Text Telephones44
Telecommunications Relay Services45
Alphanumeric Pagers45
Instant Messaging45
Chat46
Fax46
Computer-Assisted Access47
Baudot/ASCII Modems47
Text-Telephone Software48
Visual Indicator Software48
Computer-Aided Transcription48
CART Reporting48
Computerized Sign Language Training49
Signaling Systems49
Captioning Systems50
Making Captioned Videotapes51
Electronic Amplification Systems51
Hearing Aids52
Assistive Listening Devices52
Telephone Amplification Systems53
5Technology for Persons with Motor Disabilities54
Adapted Keyboards55
Keyboard Keyguards55
Keyboard Modification Software55
Macros56
Key Modifier Software57
Built-In Access Features58
On-Screen Keyboard59
Alternative Input Systems59
Adapted Switches and Scanning Keyboards59
Morse Code Systems60
Word-Prediction Software60
Speech-Recognition Systems61
Speech-Recognition Hardware61
Training62
Speech on the Road62
Environmental Control Systems62
6Technologies for Persons with Speech Disabilities64
The Evaluation Process64
What Is an Alternative Communications Device?65
Word Prediction and Abbreviation Expansion66
Controlling a Communications Device67
Keyboards and Touch Screens67
Scanning Keyboards67
Controlling a Personal Computer68
Computers and Alternative Communication68
7Technologies for Persons with Learning Disabilities69
What Is a Learning Disability?70
The Evaluation Process70
The Individualized Education Program71
Deploying Technology72
Personal Computers72
Note Takers and Organizers74
8Foundations for Assistive Technology75
The Assistive Technology Specialist75
The Evaluation Process77
Sample Adaptation77
Low-Tech Solutions78
Confidentiality78
Training78
Classroom Training79
One-on-One Training79
Following Up79
Tutorials and Training Materials80
Technical Support80
Warranty Cards80
Consumer Groups and Special Interest Groups81
Online Help81
9Accessing the Internet and Intranets82
Why Make the Internet and Intranets Accessible?82
Definitions83
The Internet83
Intranets83
Hardware Requirements84
Adaptive Technology and Networks84
The World Wide Web84
Web Sites84
Web Browsers85
Internet Explorer85
Home Page Reader85
How Browsers Work86
Search Engines87
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines87
Web Site Validation88
Sharing Resources88
Electronic Mail88
Online Chat89
Newsgroups89
Instant Messaging89
Mailing Lists90
10Funding Adaptive Technology91
Cost-Saving Ideas92
Shareware, Freeware, and Demoware92
Other Ways to Cut Costs92
Personal Sources of Funds93
Family and Friends93
Lending Institutions and Credit Unions93
Credit Cards94
Government-Sponsored Sources of Funds94
The Federal Vocational Rehabilitation Program95
Medicaid95
Special Education95
The Social Security Administration's Pass Program96
The Assistive Technology Act of 199897
Veterans Benefits97
Private-Sector Sources of Funds97
The Easter Seals Society97
The International Association of Lions Clubs98
Independent Living Centers98
Appendixes
AMicrosoft Windows 98 Keyboard Guide99
BApple Macintosh Keyboard Shortcuts114
CProducts for Persons with Vision Impairments118
DProducts for Persons Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing131
EProducts for Persons with Motor Disabilities137
FProducts for Persons with Speech Disabilities145
GProducts for Persons with Learning Disabilities151
HNational Resources for Persons with Disabilities156
INational Toll-Free Phone Numbers for Persons with Disabilities168
JKey Provisions on Assistive Technology IDEA 1997177
KA Guide to Disability Rights Laws180
LRESNA Technology Assistance Project State Contact List188
Index197

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