Adobe Photoshop 4.0

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This official Adobe Press Classroom book teaches readers in an easy-to-follow, self-paced format all the new Adobe Photoshop tips and tricks-including how to use Web graphics features like image creation and optimization. Users can fully comprehend the complexities of this popular image software in a matter of hours!
  • Explains Photoshop's new features with redesigned CRAB format and design
  • Full-color signature...
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More About This Book

Overview

This official Adobe Press Classroom book teaches readers in an easy-to-follow, self-paced format all the new Adobe Photoshop tips and tricks-including how to use Web graphics features like image creation and optimization. Users can fully comprehend the complexities of this popular image software in a matter of hours!
  • Explains Photoshop's new features with redesigned CRAB format and design
  • Full-color signature illustrates advanced Photoshop tips and techniques
  • CD-ROM contains sample graphics, text, plug-ins and filters, tutorial software, tips on using Photoshop for Web graphics, and multimedia movies showing techniques in a visual format
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781568303178
  • Publisher: Adobe Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/1997
  • Series: Classroom in a Book Series
  • Edition description: BK&CD-ROM
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.93 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.85 (d)

First Chapter








[Figures are not included in this sample chapter]


Adobe Photoshop 4.0 Classroom in a Book




- 3 -


Calibrating Your Monitor


Calibration is the process of adjusting your monitor and the Adobe Photoshop color
conversion settings to compensate for factors that affect both the on-screen image
and its conversion to printed output. The cali-bration process is essential if you
want to reproduce colors accurately, both on-screen and in print.


In this lesson, you'll learn how to do the following:



  • Calibrate your monitor to remove any color casts and to stabilize the colors
    on your screen.
  • Use the Monitor Setup dialog box to define settings that apply to your monitor
    and your work environment.

Restoring default preferences


Before starting this lesson, delete the Adobe Photoshop Preferences file to restore
the program's default palettes and command settings. If you need step-by-step instructions
about how to delete the preferences file, see "Restoring default preferences"
on page 4.


Restart Adobe Photoshop.


About calibration


Classroom in a Book divides the calibration process into two areas--the adjustment
of your monitor, called device calibration, and the adjustment of the printing
inks and paper you use when you print an image, called color management. In
this lesson, you'll calibrate your monitor to stabilize the colors on your screen.
In Lesson 13, "Creating Color Separations," you'll complete the calibration
process by specifying the properties of the inks and paper stock used to reproduce
printed colors.


The monitor calibration tools included with Adobe Photoshop affect how colors
appear on your monitor. Although this is true for both the Macintosh and Windows
versions of Photoshop, important differences exist in the way monitor calibration
affects the appearance of images on these platforms:



  • The Macintosh version of Photoshop provides a Gamma control panel whose settings
    offer global monitor calibration. On the Macintosh, adjusting the Monitor Setup options
    affects how an image is displayed in CMYK mode (as it is converted to RGB color for
    display on the monitor) but not how the image is displayed in RGB mode.
  • The Windows version of Photoshop does not offer global monitor calibration,
    but instead affects the monitor display only within Photoshop. The Gamma control
    in the Calibrate dialog box measures your monitor's behavior and then uses the result
    of the measurement to adjust the impact of the gamma setting in the Monitor Setup
    dialog box. In Windows, therefore, adjusting the Monitor Setup options affects how
    an image is displayed in RGB mode but not in CMYK mode.





NOTE In addition to affecting how colors are converted between CMYK and
RGB modes, the settings in the Monitor Setup dialog box affect the overall brightness
display of all images.




Step 1: Calibrate your monitor


The Photoshop calibration tools let you calibrate the gamma, the color balance,
and the white and black points of color on your monitor. These settings help you
eliminate color casts (the imbalance of one or more colors) in your monitor display,
ensure that your monitor grays are as neutral as possible, and standardize the display
of images on different monitors so that images look the same with different monitor
and video-card combinations.


If you are using a Macintosh computer and have a third-party monitor calibration
utility installed, such as the Radius(TM) Calibrator or Daystar's Colorimeter
24, you should use either that utility or the Adobe Photoshop gamma tools, but not
both. A third-party calibration program updates the Macintosh Photoshop color space
descriptor file; therefore using both systems will miscalibrate the monitor. If you
are using third-party calibration tools, see Chapter 5, "Reproducing Color,"
in the Adobe Photoshop User Guide. For Classroom in a Book, use the steps
provided in this lesson.



1 Make sure that your monitor has been turned on for at least half an
hour so the monitor display has stabilized.

2 Set the room lighting at a level you plan to maintain; then adjust the
brightness and contrast controls on your monitor.


Because changes in these factors can dramatically affect your display, you should
close off your room from external light sources and tape down the monitor and room
lighting controls once you've set them.


3 Turn off any desktop patterns, and change the background color on your
monitor to a light gray.


This prevents the background color from interfering with your color perception
and helps you adjust the display to a neutral gray. If you need help changing the
background color on your desktop, refer to the user manual for your operating system.


4 Depending on the platform you're working with, do one of the following:


  • On the Macintosh, choose Control Panels from the Apple menu, then choose the
    Gamma control panel from the list. Use the On and Off buttons to turn the Gamma software
    on and off. If you turn off the Gamma software, the monitor's default values are
    used.






NOTE If you don't see the Gamma control panel, locate the Gamma
file in the Goodies > Calibration folder inside the Adobe Photoshop folder. Drag
the Gamma icon into the Controls Panels folder in the System Folder, and restart
your Macintosh.




  • For Windows only: Choose File > New, accept the default settings and click
    OK to create a new, blank image. You'll match a piece of white paper to the white
    background in the blank image. Next, choose File > Color Settings > Monitor
    Setup. 5 Click a target gamma at the top of the control panel (Macintosh), or type
    a value for Gamma in the Monitor Setup dialog box (Windows). A target gamma of 1.8
    is recommended for printing CMYK images, because it closely matches printer dot gain.




NOTE If you're sending your output to an RGB device (for example,
a monitor, film recorder, or RGB printer), use a higher target value. Images intended
for the Web or video should have a target gamma of 2.2, which is the typical gamma
of most monitors and television sets. If you plan to print or display the image using
another application or on another platform, use a gamma of 1.8; that value is the
closest match for uncorrected gamma.



6 For Windows only: If you changed the gamma value in step 4, click OK;
then choose File > Color Settings > Monitor Setup to reopen the Monitor Setup
dialog box.


7 For Windows only: Click Calibrate in the Monitor Setup dialog box. You
can preview the effects of calibration on an open Photoshop image at any time by
clicking Preview in the Calibrate dialog box. 8 For Macintosh only: Once you've opened
the Gamma control panel, return to Photoshop, choose File > New, accept the default
settings in the New dialog box, and click OK to create a new, blank image.


You'll match a piece of white paper with the white background in the blank image
to calibrate your monitor.


9 Hold up a piece of white paper next to the white background of the blank
image window on your screen. (For this exercise, we suggest using a piece of plain
white copy paper, simply because it's easily accessible.)


For actual work, use a piece of paper that is similar in color to the stock on
which you'll print.


10 Click White Pt, and drag the three slider triangles until the monitor
white matches the paper as closely as possible. This process lets you compensate
for the bluish cast found on most monitor displays.





NOTE For maximum accuracy, view the paper under controlled lighting,
such as a light box or a combination of fluorescent and tungsten light bulbs.






11 Adjust the gamma by dragging the Gamma Adjustment slider until the solid
gray areas match the patterned gray areas in the gamma strip above the slider. 12
Adjust the color balance by clicking Balance and dragging the three slider triangles
until the gray areas in the strip below the sliders become a neutral gray. This adjustment
controls the monitor's mixture of red, green, and blue; and it compensates for color
casts in the monitor.


13 Adjust the black point by clicking Black Pt and dragging the three slider
triangles until no color tint appears in the shadow tones in the lower strip and
you can see a distinct gradation between each pair of swatches. 14 If necessary,
readjust the color balance and then the gamma.


It's a good idea to save the gamma settings if you use different monitors or use
paper stocks with different tints. To reuse the gamma settings, use the Save Settings
and Load Settings buttons in the Gamma control panel (Macintosh) or in the Calibrate
dialog box (Windows). You'll save the settings during this exercise so you can reload
them later if necessary.



1 In the Gamma control panel (Macintosh) or the Calibrate dialog box (Windows),
click the Save Settings button. The Save Settings dialog box appears.

2 Type the name Settings.psd; then save the settings file in the Lesson03
folder. Click Save to save the settings.


3 When you've finished making adjustments, close the Gamma control panel
(Macintosh) or the Calibrate dialog box (Windows).


4 Choose File > Close to close the blank files you created when matching
your paper stock to your monitor. Do not save changes.


Once you have calibrated your monitor, you should not have to recalibrate unless
you change any of the factors affecting calibration. For example, if you change the
room lighting or readjust the monitor brightness and contrast controls, you must
recalibrate your system. For this reason, it's recommended that you tape down your
monitor's brightness and contrast controls after calibrating the monitor, and that
you maintain consistent room lighting conditions.


Step 2: Enter the Monitor Setup information


Once you have calibrated your monitor, enter your monitor specifications in the
Monitor Setup dialog box. Adobe Photoshop uses the information in the Monitor Setup
dialog box to account for factors affecting the monitor display: the target gamma
and white point, the type of phosphors in the monitor, and the room lighting conditions.


In addition to affecting the overall monitor display, the Monitor Setup information
determines how the program converts colors between modes. This means that Monitor
Setup options will affect how the conversion of an RGB image to CMYK mode as well
as affect the on-screen display of CMYK (or duotone) colors (Macintosh) or RGB images
(Windows). If you change these settings after you have converted an image to CMYK
mode, only the display is affected. You must revert to the original RGB mode
and then reconvert the image to CMYK mode for these changes to affect the separation
data. (See Lesson 13, "Creating Color Separations," for information about
generating color separations.)



1 Choose File > Color Settings > Monitor Setup.



2 For Monitor, select the monitor you are adjusting. If your monitor is not
listed as an option, choose the Default option or contact your monitor manufacturer
to determine which monitor option you should select for your monitor to emulate.

3 For Gamma, type a value appropriate to your platform:


  • On the Macintosh, type the value that you selected for Target Gamma in the Gamma
    control panel (see page 44). If you are using a third-party utility, enter the gamma
    value set by that device.
  • In Windows, you should have already entered a value here. If not, go back to
    "Step 1: Calibrate your monitor" on page 43.

4 For White Point, select a setting.

If you are using a third-party monitor calibration device, choose the white point
value established by that device; otherwise, leave this value at the default value
of 6500K. If you don't see the value you need, select Custom, and type in your own
value.





NOTE For Windows, if you choose your monitor, the white point and
phosphors are adjusted accordingly.






5 For Phosphors, select a monitor type.


If the correct type is not in the drop-down list, choose Custom, and enter the
red, green, and blue chromaticity coordinates as specified by your monitor manufacturer.
This option accounts for the different red, green, and blue phosphors used by monitors
to display color.


6 For Ambient Light, select a setting:


  • Select High if your room lighting is brighter than the on-screen image. Because
    the High setting has no effect on RGB-to-CMYK conversion, you should also select
    High if you are using hardware monitor calibration that accounts for ambient lighting.
  • Select Low if your room lighting is not as bright as the screen.
  • Select Medium if your room and monitor light levels are about the same.

7 Click OK to exit the dialog box.

You have completed the first aspect of the calibration process, which is adjusting
the gamma settings and entering information about your monitor in the Monitor Setup
dialog box. In Lesson 13, "Creating Color Separations," you'll complete
the process by entering information about the properties of the inks and paper stock
used to output your images to print.


Review



  • Why is it necessary to calibrate your monitor?
  • What is the ideal environment for calibrating your monitor?
  • How does monitor calibration influence the way colors appear in your final images?
  • If you use different paper stocks in your work, what can you do to retain the
    settings for each paper you use?



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