Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy

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Part of the Global Issues series, Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy is designed to be a first-stop resource for research on a key challenge facing the world today. Each volume contains three sections, beginning with an introduction that clearly defines the issue, followed by detailed case studies of the issue's affect in the United States and several other countries or regions. The second section draws together significant U.S. and international primary source documents, and the third section gathers useful research tools, such as brief biographies, facts and figures, an annotated bibliography, and more. A foreword written by an expert in the field complements each volume. A chronology, glossary, and index provide additional help.

Adoption and surrogate pregnancy are the two most realistic options currently available for millions of couples unable to have biological children. In the past decade, international adoption has become popular among those who wish to avoid the wait associated with adopting domestically. Yet because of unique political, economic, and cultural circumstances within individual countries, international adoption is fraught with legal controversies and difficulties. Surrogate pregnancy is a relatively new and inherently complicated alternative. With few regulations to guide the process and protect those involved, however, countries struggle to address its ethical and moral protect those involved, however, countries struggle to address its ethical and moral questions, in addition to the legal, political, cultural, and environmental ramifications.

Providing a historical overview and defining the key issues, Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy examines the laws related to adoption and surrogate pregnancy in five countries: the United States, China, India, the United Kingdom, and Guatemala. The discussion covers the ways in which adoption and surrogate pregnancy overlap and influence each other, the nuances that further complicate matters, and the controversies surrounding both issues-such as fears of exploitation, class discrimination, socially "unwanted" children, same-sex parenthood, and the difficulties of governing the family unit. Allowing students to compare the subjects from the perspectives of different countries and cultures, this balanced and objective volume sheds light on the way these issues affect the global community.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816080878
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/1/2010
  • Series: Facts on File Global Issues Series
  • Pages: 352
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Graphs vii

Foreword Pamela Anne Quiroz viii

Part I At Issue

Chapter 1 Introduction 3

Adoption 6

Surrogate Pregnancy 16

Ethical Concerns 21

Conclusion 23

Chapter 2 Focus on the United States 28

History and Law 28

Characteristics of Participants 39

Conclusion 42

Chapter 3 Global Perspectives 48

Introduction 48

China 53

India 61

Great Britain 68

Guatemala 75

Conclusion 81

Part II Primary Sources

Chapter 4 United States Documents 93

Chapter 5 International Documents 117

China 138

India 152

Great Britain 162

Guatemala 171

Part III Research Tools

Chapter 6 How to Research Adoption and Surrogacy 185

Becoming Familiar with the Topic 185

Perspectives and Angles 190

Sources 193

Chapter 7 Facts and Figures 199

Chapter 8 Key Players A to Z 216

Chapter 9 Organizations and Agencies 229

Chapter 10 Annotated Bibliography 250

Adoption and the Issues 250

Surrogate Pregnancy and the Issues 255

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy Worldwide 261

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy in the United States 269

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy in China 275

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy in India 278

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy in Great Britain 281

Adoption and Surrogate Pregnancy in Guatemala 284

Chronology 287

Glossary 312

Index 323

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