Adult Development: Volume 2: Models and Methods in the Study of Adolescent and Adult Thought

Overview

In recent years, researchers have begun to focus attention on postformal thought—the development of thought in late adolescence and adulthood—questioning Piaget's early terminus of structural development in adolescence. This volume brings together the works of distinguished authors in the field of postformal-operational cognitive, social, and perceptual development to examine the models and methodology used to investigate postformal thought. The contributors represent the variety of approaches that characterize ...

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Overview

In recent years, researchers have begun to focus attention on postformal thought—the development of thought in late adolescence and adulthood—questioning Piaget's early terminus of structural development in adolescence. This volume brings together the works of distinguished authors in the field of postformal-operational cognitive, social, and perceptual development to examine the models and methodology used to investigate postformal thought. The contributors represent the variety of approaches that characterize this body of research, while, at the same time, seeking to unify this diverse literature with a common language. An ideal text for advanced courses in adult development, this volume is also a primary reference for developmental and educational psychologists and students working in the fields of cognitive development, adolescent and adult development, and lifespan development.

Divided into four parts, the volume begins by examining both Piagetian and nonstructural models of adult cognitive development, considering them in light of current research developments. Individual papers address models of equilibrium, knowledge, reflective judgment, ego-development, and consciousness. In Part II, the contributors discuss the measurement and comparison of cognitive development in adults, exploring such topics as construct validity and theories of adult development, the structural and developmental relations between formal and postformal capacities, and the relationship between Piagetian and Kohlbergian stages. The third section assesses the research and theory of adult reasoning in the moral domain, while the concluding chapter investigates critical evaluations of postformal research. Numerous tables and figures enhance the discussions.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275927554
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/23/1990
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Meet the Author

MICHAEL L. COMMONS is Lecturer and Research Associate in Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Mental Health Center, and Director of the Dare Institute.

CHERYL ARMON is Chairperson of the Undergraduate Program at Antioch University, Los Angeles.

LAWRENCE KOHLBERG was Professr of Education and Social Psychology at Harvard University and Director of the Center for Moral Education and Development before his death in January, 1987.

FRANCIS A. RICHARDS is Evaluation and Testing Specialist in the Division of Management Information and Education of the Rhode Island Department of Education.

TINA A. GROTZER is Research Associate at the Dare Institute and Coordinator of the Arlington, Massachusetts Public Schools' Challenge and Enrichment Programs.

JAN D. SINNOTT is Professor of Psychology at Towson State University and affiliated with the National Institute on Aging (NIH).

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Table of Contents

Preface

Structural and Nonstructural Models of Postformal Thought

Equilibration Models and the Framework of Postformal Cognition by Francis A. Richards

Alfred North Whitehead and Adult Model Development by Allan B. Chinen

Modes of Knowledge and the Organization of Development by Gisela Labouvie-Vief

The Reflective Judgment Model: Ten Years of Research by Karen Strohm Kitchener and Patricia M. King

Maps for Living: Ego-Development Stages from Symbiosis to Conscious Universal Embeddedness by Susanne R. Cook-Greuter

Unitary Consciousness and the Highest Development of Mind: The Relation Between Spiritual Development and Cognitive Development by Herb Koplowitz

Construct Validity and Theories of Adult Development: Testing for Necessary but Not Sufficient Relationships by Phillip Karl Wood

Measurements and Comparisons of Formal and Postformal Cognitive Operations

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evidence for Differences between Well-Structured and Ill-Structured Problem-Solving Abilities by Mary M. Brabeck and Phillip K. Wood

Structural and Developmental Relations Between Formal and Postformal Capacities: Towards a Comprehensive Theory of Adolescent and Adult Cognitive Development by Andreas Demetriou

Applying Signal Detection Theory to Measure Subject Sensitivity to Metasystematic, Systematic and Lower-Developmental-Stage Signals by Francis A. Richards and Michael L. Commons.

Detecting Metasystematic, Systematic, and Lower-Stage Relations: An Empirical Investigation of Postformal Stages of Development by Francis A. Richards

The Relationship Between Piagetian and Kohlbergian Stage: An Examination of the "Necessary but Not SufficientRelationship" by Michael L. Commons and Tina A. Grotzer

Postformal Models in the Moral Domain

The Development of Justice Reasoning During Young Adulthood: A Three-Dimensional Model by Mark B. Tappan

A Rawlsian View of Kohlberg's Conception of Stage-Six Justice Reasoning by Albert Erdynast

Critical Views of Postformal Thought

Which Postformal Levels Are Stages? by Lawrence Kohlberg

Bibliography

Author Index

Subject Index

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