Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents / Edition 1

Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents / Edition 1

by Nelson Marmiroli
     
 

This book presents a comprehensive and integrated approach toward solving the ever growing problem of soil and water contamination by radioactive and chemical wastes from military facilities, weapons industries, and weapons storage. Plant and microbial biotechnology have been proven viable low-cost approaches to monitor, tackle, and solve broad pollution issues.

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Overview

This book presents a comprehensive and integrated approach toward solving the ever growing problem of soil and water contamination by radioactive and chemical wastes from military facilities, weapons industries, and weapons storage. Plant and microbial biotechnology have been proven viable low-cost approaches to monitor, tackle, and solve broad pollution issues. Field trials, macrocosms, microcosms, and laboratory scale experiments are described to explain how to deal with wastes, different in chemical type, concentration, area of concern, and substrates they affect. Description of actual examples of phytoremediation fields, bioremediation plants, and constructed wetlands provide a framework for the application of these techniques to new applications and emphasize the factors that are significant to developing effective treatments. Written for: PhD or post-doctoral students of bioremediation and phytoremediation, master's candidates in environmental engineering, young scientists starting their career in biological remediation, consulting firms in the field, regulatory agencies, environmental protection agencies, public health administrators and public health officials charged with supervisory responsibilities for remediation

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402055188
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
12/20/2006
Series:
Nato Science Series: IV: (closed), #75
Edition description:
2007
Pages:
258
Product dimensions:
9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

1Site characterisation
1.1Methodology and approach to environmental site investigations of large industrial sites in order to obtain optimal cost/benefit ratios : case study of the ISAB - Erg Petroli refinery at Priolo Gargallo (SR), Italy3
1.2Radiation contamination of forest ecosystems investigation : field experiments, modeling and simulation15
1.3Risk assessment and remediation of military and ammunition sites45
2Biological bases of biological remediation
2.1Microbial systems for in-situ soil and groundwater remediation61
2.2Plant taxonomy for phytoremediation79
2.3Genetic variability and genetic engineering in phytoremediation89
3Feasibility studies and practical implementation
3.1Dechlorination of chlorinated hydrocarbons by zero-valent iron nano-particles111
3.2Remediation alternatives on high toxicity and dangerous sites119
3.3From laboratory experiments to large scale application - an example of the phytoremediation of radionuclides139
3.4Phytoremediation - some case studies conducted at WAU159
3.5Management of passive biological water treatment systems for mine effluents177
3.6Lessons from the wastewater field197
3.7Phytoremediation of explosives209
4Regulatory issues
4.1German law for the prevention, identification, investigation, risk assessment and remediation of contaminated sites and harmful soil changes229
4.2The main directions of cooperation between the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation and CCMS NATO within the framework of NRC CCMS257

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