Advanced Science and Technology for Biological Decontamination of Sites Affected by Chemical and Radiological Nuclear Agents / Edition 1

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This book presents a comprehensive and integrated approach toward solving the ever growing problem of soil and water contamination by radioactive and chemical wastes from military facilities, weapons industries, and weapons storage. Plant and microbial biotechnology have been proven viable low-cost approaches to monitor, tackle, and solve broad pollution issues. Field trials, macrocosms, microcosms, and laboratory scale experiments are described to explain how to deal with wastes, different in chemical type, concentration, area of concern, and substrates they affect. Description of actual examples of phytoremediation fields, bioremediation plants, and constructed wetlands provide a framework for the application of these techniques to new applications and emphasize the factors that are significant to developing effective treatments. Written for: PhD or post-doctoral students of bioremediation and phytoremediation, master's candidates in environmental engineering, young scientists starting their career in biological remediation, consulting firms in the field, regulatory agencies, environmental protection agencies, public health administrators and public health officials charged with supervisory responsibilities for remediation

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402055188
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/20/2006
  • Series: Nato Science Series: IV: (closed), #75
  • Edition description: 2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 258
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Site characterisation
1.1 Methodology and approach to environmental site investigations of large industrial sites in order to obtain optimal cost/benefit ratios : case study of the ISAB - Erg Petroli refinery at Priolo Gargallo (SR), Italy 3
1.2 Radiation contamination of forest ecosystems investigation : field experiments, modeling and simulation 15
1.3 Risk assessment and remediation of military and ammunition sites 45
2 Biological bases of biological remediation
2.1 Microbial systems for in-situ soil and groundwater remediation 61
2.2 Plant taxonomy for phytoremediation 79
2.3 Genetic variability and genetic engineering in phytoremediation 89
3 Feasibility studies and practical implementation
3.1 Dechlorination of chlorinated hydrocarbons by zero-valent iron nano-particles 111
3.2 Remediation alternatives on high toxicity and dangerous sites 119
3.3 From laboratory experiments to large scale application - an example of the phytoremediation of radionuclides 139
3.4 Phytoremediation - some case studies conducted at WAU 159
3.5 Management of passive biological water treatment systems for mine effluents 177
3.6 Lessons from the wastewater field 197
3.7 Phytoremediation of explosives 209
4 Regulatory issues
4.1 German law for the prevention, identification, investigation, risk assessment and remediation of contaminated sites and harmful soil changes 229
4.2 The main directions of cooperation between the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation and CCMS NATO within the framework of NRC CCMS 257
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