Advanced Sensor and Detection Materials


Presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary review of the major cutting-edge technology research areas—especially those on new materials and methods as well as advanced structures and properties—for various sensor and detection devices

The development of sensors and detectors at macroscopic or nanometric scale is the driving force stimulating research in sensing materials and technology for accurate detection in solid, liquid, or gas ...

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Advanced Sensor and Detection Materials

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Presents a comprehensive and interdisciplinary review of the major cutting-edge technology research areas—especially those on new materials and methods as well as advanced structures and properties—for various sensor and detection devices

The development of sensors and detectors at macroscopic or nanometric scale is the driving force stimulating research in sensing materials and technology for accurate detection in solid, liquid, or gas phases; contact or non-contact configurations; or multiple sensing. The emphasis on reduced-scale detection techniques requires the use of new materials and methods. These techniques offer appealing perspectives given by spin crossover organic, inorganic, and composite materials that could be unique for sensor fabrication. The influence of the length, composition, and conformation structure of materials on their properties, and the possibility of adjusting sensing properties by doping or adding the side-groups, are indicative of the starting point of multifarious sensing. The role of intermolecular interactions, polymer and ordered phase formation, as well as behavior under pressure and magnetic and electric fields are also important facts for processing ultra-sensing materials.

The 15 chapters written by senior researchers in Advanced Sensor and Detection Materials cover all these subjects and key features under three foci: 1) principals and perspectives, 2) new materials and methods, and 3) advanced structures and properties for various sensor devices.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118773482
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/30/2014
  • Series: Advanced Material Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 536
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Ashutosh Tiwari is an Associate Professor at theBiosensors and Bioelectronics Centre, Linköping University,Sweden; Editor-in-Chief, Advanced Materials Letters andAdvanced Materials Reviews; Secretary General, InternationalAssociation of Advanced Materials; a materials chemist and also adocent in applied physics at Linköping University, Sweden. Hehas published more than 350 articles, patents, and conferenceproceedings in the field of materials science and technology andhas edited/authored about twenty books on the advancedstate-of-the-art of materials science. He is a founding member ofthe Advanced Materials World Congress and the Indian MaterialsCongress.

Mustafa M. Demir received his PhD degree fromSabancı University, Turkey, in 2004. From 2004 to 2007 he wasa postdoctoral fellow at the Max Planck Institute of PolymerResearch, Mainz, Germany. He then moved to Izmir Institute ofTechnology, Turkey, where he is now Chairman of the Department ofMaterials Science and Engineering.

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Table of Contents

Preface xv

Part 1: Principals and Prospective 1

1 Advances in Sensors? Nanotechnology 3
Ida Tiwari and Manorama Singh

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 What is Nanotechnology? 4

1.3 Significance of Nanotechnology 5

1.4 Synthesis of Nanostructure 5

1.5 Advancements in Sensors’ Research Based on Nanotechnology5

1.6 Use of Nanoparticles 7

1.7 Use of Nanowires and Nanotubes 8

1.8 Use of Porous Silicon 11

1.9 Use of Self-Assembled Nanostructures 12

1.10 Receptor-Ligand Nanoarrays 12

1.11 Characterization of Nanostructures and Nanomaterials 13

1.12 Commercialization Efforts 14

1.13 Future Perspectives 14

References 15

2 Construction of Nanostructures: A Basic Concept Synthesis andTheir Applications 19
Rizwan Wahab, Farheen Khan, Nagendra K. Kaushik, JavedMusarrat and Abdulaziz A.Al-Khedhairy

2.1 Introduction 20

2.2 Formation of Zinc Oxide Quantum Dots (ZnO-QDs) and TheirApplications 24

2.3 Needle-Shaped Zinc Oxide Nanostructures and Their GrowthMechanism 30

2.4 Flower-Shaped Zinc Oxide Nanostructures and Their GrowthMechanism 37

2.5 Construction of Mixed Shaped Zinc Oxide Nanostructures andTheir Growth Mechanicsm 47

2.6 Summary and Future Directions 56

References 57

3 The Role of the Shape in the Design of New Nanoparticles61
G. Mayeli Estrada-Villegas and Emilio Bucio

3.1 Introduction 62

3.2 The Importance of Shape as Nanocarries 63

3.3 Influence of Shape on Biological Process 65

3.4 Different Shapes of Polymeric Nanoparticles 67

3.5 Different Shapes of Non-Polymeric Nanoparticles 71

3.6 Different Shapes of Polymeric Nanoparticles: Examples 74

3.7 Another Type of Nanoparticles 76

Acknowledgments 80

References 80

4 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer as Advanced Material forDevelopment of Enantioselective Sensing Devices 87
Mahavir Prasad Tiwari and Bhim Bali Prasad

4.1 Introduction 88

4.2 Molecularly Imprinted Chiral Polymers 90

4.3 MIP-Based Chiral Sensing Devices 91

4.4 Conclusion 105

References 105

5 Role of Microwave Sintering in the Preparation of Ferrites forHigh Frequency Applications 111
S. Bharadwaj and S.R. Murthy

5.1 Microwaves in General 112

5.2 Microwave-Material Interactions 114

5.3 Microwave Sintering 115

5.4 Microwave Equipment 118

5.5 Kitchen Microwave Oven Basic Principle 122

5.6 Microwave Sintering of Ferrites 126

5.7 Microwave Sintering of Garnets 137

5.8 Microwave Sintering of Nanocomposites 138

References 140

Part 2: New Materials and Methods 147

6 Mesoporous Silica: Making “Sense” of Sensors149
Surender Duhan and Vijay K. Tomer

6.1 Introduction to Sensors 150

6.2 Fundamentals of Humidity Sensors 153

6.3 Types of Humidity Sensors 154

6.4 Humidity Sensing Materials 156

6.5 Issues with Traditional Materials in Sensing Technology158

6.6 Introduction to Mesoporous Silica 159

6.7 M41S Materials 160

6.8 SBA Materials 162

6.9 Structure of SBA-15 164

6.10 Structure Directing Agents of SBA-15 165

6.11 Factors Affecting Structural Properties and Morphology ofSBA-15 169

6.12 Modification of Mesoporous Silica 174

6.13 Characterization Techniques for Mesoporous Materials 177

6.14 Humidity Sensing of SBA-15 184

6.15 Extended Family of Mesoporous Silica 185

6.16 Other Applications of SBA-15 188

6.17 Conclusion 190

References 191

7 Towards Improving the Functionalities of Porous TiO2-Au/AgBased Materials 193
Monica Baia, Virginia Danciu, Zsolt Pap and LucianBaia

7.1 Porous Nanostructures Based on Tio2 and Au/Ag Nanoparticlesfor Environmental Applications 194

7.2 Morphological Particularities of the TiO2-based Aerogels199

7.3 Designing the TiO2  Porous Nano-architectures for MultipleApplications 201

7.4 Evaluating the Photocatalytic Performances of the TiO2-Au/AgPorous Nanocomposites for Destroying Water Chemical Pollutants208

7.5 Testing the Effectiveness of the TiO2-Au/Ag PorousNanocomposites for Sensing Water Chemical Pollutants by SERS210

7.6 In-depth Investigations of the Most Efficient MultifunctionalTiO2-Au/Ag Porous Nanocomposites 216

7.7 Conclusions 221

Acknowledgments 223

References 223

8 Ferroelectric Glass-Ceramics 229
Viswanathan Kumar

8.1 Introduction 230

8.2 (Ba1-xSrx)TiO3 [BST] Glass-Ceramics 232

8.3 Glass-Ceramic System (1-y) BST: y (B2O3: x SiO2) 234

8.4 Glass-Ceramic System (1-y) BST: y (BaO: Al2O3: 2SiO2) 245

8.5 Comparision of the Two BST Glass-Ceramic Systems 254

8.6 Pb(ZrxTi1-x)TiO3[PZT] Glass-Ceramics 256

References 263

9 NASICON: Synthesis, Structure and Electrical Characterization265
Umaru Ahmadu

9.1 Introduction 265

9.2 Theretical Survey of Superionic Conduction 268

9.3 NASICON Synthesis 271

9.4 NASICON Structure and Properties 273

9.5 Characterization Techniques 278

9.6 Experimental Results 291

9.7 Problems, Applications, and Prospects 299

9.8 Conclusion 300

Acknowledgments 300

References 300

10 Ionic Liquids 309
Arnab De, Manika Dewan and Subho Mozumdar

10.1 Ionic Liquids: What Are They? 309

10.2 Historical Background 310

10.3 Classification of Ionic Liquids 311

10.4 Properties of Ionic Liquids, Physical and Chemical 314

10.5 Synthesis Methods of Ionic Liquids 323

10.6 Characterization of Ionic Liquids 329

10.7 Major Applications of ILs 330

10.8 ILs in Organic Transformations 331

10.9 ILs for Synthesis and Stabilization of Metal Nanoparticles339

10.10 Challenges with Ionic Liquids 344

References 346

11 Dendrimers and Hyperbranched Polymers 369
Jyotishmoy Borah and Niranjan Karak

11.1 Introduction 369

11.2 Synthesis of Dendritic Polymers 372

11.3 Characterization 385

11.4 Properties 391

11.5 Applications 398

11.6 Conclusion 403

References 404

Part 3: Advanced Structures and Properties 413

12 Theoretical Investigation of Superconducting StateParameters of Bulk Metallic Glasses 415
Aditya M. Vora

12.1 Introduction 415

12.2 Computational Methodology 417

12.3 Results and Discussion 421

12.4 Conclusions 434

References 434

13 Macroscopic Polarization and Thermal Conductivity of BinaryWurtzite Nitrides 439
Bijaya Kumar Sahoo

13.1 Introduction 440

13.2 The Macroscopic Polarization 441

13.3 Effective Elastic Constant, C44 442

13.4 Group Velocity of Phonons 443

13.5 Phonon Scattering Rates 444

13.6 Thermal Conductivity of InN 445

13.7 Summary 449

References 450

14 Experimental and Theoretical Background to Study Materials453
Arnab De, Manika Dewan and Subho Mozumdar

14.1 Quasi-Elastic Light Scattering (Photon CorrelationSpectroscopy) 453

14.2 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) 456

14.3 Scanning Electron Microscopy [2] 457

14.4 X-ray Diffraction (XRD) 459

14.5 UV-visible Spectroscopy 461

14.6 FT-IR Spectroscopy 462

14.7 NMR Spectroscopy 463

14.8 Mass Spectrometry 464

14.9 Vibrating Sample Magnetometer 465

References 466

15 Graphene and Its Nanocomposites for Gas Sensing Applications467
Parveen Saini, Tapas Kuila, Sanjit Saha and Naresh ChandraMurmu

15.1 Introduction 468

15.2 Principles of Chemical Sensing by Conducting NanocompositeMaterials 470

15.3 Synthesis of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites 472

15.4 Characterization of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites 473

15.5 Chemical Sensing of Graphene and Its Nanocomposites 477

15.6 Conclusion and Future Aspects 493

Acknowledgements 494

References 494

Index 501

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