Advances in Earth Science outlines the latest developments and new research directions currently being made world-wide in the earth sciences. It contains invited and refereed articles by leading younger researchers on their cutting-edge research, but aimed at a general scientific audience.
This exciting volume explains how powerful methodologies such as satellite remote sensing and supercomputing simulations are now profoundly changing research in the earth sciences; how the earth system is increasingly being viewed in a holistic way, linking the atmosphere, ocean and solid earth; and how the societal impact of the research in the earth sciences has never been more important.
Published by Imperial College Press in collaboration with the Royal Society of London, the book features many articles originating from invited papers published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Eleven of the distinguished contributors hold prestigious Royal Society Research Fellowships.
Preface Chris Hawkesworth, FRS v
Profiles of the Editors and Authors ix
Introduction Peter Sammonds xxi
Environmental Change 1
The Price of Climate Change David S. Reay 3
Carbon in the Atmosphere and Terrestrial Biosphere in the Early Anthropocene Yadvinder Malhi 25
Dust in the Earth System: The Biogeochemical Linking of Land, Air, and Sea Andy Ridgwell Karen E. Kohfeld 51
The Late Permian Mass Extinction Event and Recovery: Biological Catastrophe in a Greenhouse World Richard J. Twitchett 69
Dynamics of the Earth 91
Space-Plasma Imaging - Past, Present and Future Cathryn N. Mitchell 93
Fault Structure, Stress, Friction and Rupture Dynamics of Earthquakes Eiichi Fukuyama 109
Some Remarks on the Time Scales of Magmatic Processes Occurring Beneath Island Arc Volcanoes Simon P. Turner 133
The Break-Up of Continents and the Generation of Ocean Basins T. A. Minshull 153
Properties and Evolution of the Earth's Core and Geodynamo F. Nimmo D. Alfe 167
Applied Earth Science 211
Giant CatastrophicLandslides Christopher R. J. Kilburn 213
Remote Monitoring of the Earthquake Cycle using Satellite Radar Interferometry Tim J. Wright 229
Human Influence on the Global Geochemical Cycle of Lead Dominik J. Weiss Malin E. Kylander Matthew K. Reuer 245
Natural and Artificial Platinum and Palladium Occurrences World-Wide Hazel M. Prichard 273
Data Assimilation and Objectively Optimised Earth Observation David J. Lary Anuradha Koratkar 293
Afterword Bill McGuire 311