Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas / Edition 1

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Overview

As we approach the fiftieth anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education (1954), it is important to consider the historical struggles that led to this groundbreaking decision. Four years earlier in Texas, the Sweatt v. Painter decision allowed blacks access to the University of Texas's law school for the first time. Amilcar Shabazz shows that the development of black higher education in Texas--which has historically had one of the largest state college and university systems in the South--played a pivotal role in the challenge to Jim Crow education.

Shabazz begins with the creation of the Texas University Movement in the 1880s to lobby for equal access to the full range of graduate and professional education through a first-class university for African Americans. He traces the philosophical, legal, and grassroots components of the later campaign to open all Texas colleges and universities to black students, showing the complex range of strategies and the diversity of ideology and methodology on the part of black activists and intellectuals working to promote educational equality. Shabazz credits the efforts of blacks who fought for change by demanding better resources for segregated black colleges in the years before Brown, showing how crucial groundwork for nationwide desegregation was laid in the state of Texas.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Exhibits an engaging, lively writing style. . . . The students and local leaders in this tradition of sacrifice are at the heart of this excellent historical work."
American Historical Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807855058
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 1/30/2004
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 376
  • Sales rank: 1,209,980
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Amilcar Shabazz is a professor in the department of American studies and director of the African American studies program at the University of Alabama. He is coeditor of The Forty Acres Documents: What Did the United States Really Promise the People Freed from Slavery?
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 As Separate as the Fingers: Higher Education in Texas from Promise to Problem, 1865-1940
2 The All-Out War for Democracy in Education: Ideological Struggle and the Texas University Movement 34
3 Lift the Seventy-Five-Year-Old Color Ban and Raise UT's Standards: University Students for Democracy before Sweatt 66
4 This Is White Civilization's Last Stand: University Desegregation before Brown 95
5 Democracy Is on the March in Texas: Black Equity versus White Power, 1955-1957 138
6 Plowing around Africans on Aryan Plantations: Access without Equity at Texas Universities, 1958-1965 196
Coda 218
Notes 223
Bibliography 281
Index 295
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